Vice President of Iraq

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Vice President of Iraq
Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 2008.svg
Nouri al-Maliki with Bush, June 2006, cropped.jpg
Nouri al-Maliki
with Usama al-Nujayfi and Ayad Allawi

since 9 September 2014
Style His Excellency
Appointer Parliamentary vote
Term length Four years, renewable once
Formation July 14, 1958
Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 2008.svg
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As currently constituted, the state of Iraq has two vice presidents or deputy presidents. The office of Vice President is largely ceremonial but prestigious. The Constitution of Iraq, in its "Transitional Guidelines," creates a three-member Presidency (or Presidential) Council, consisting of the President of the Republic and two vice (or deputy) presidents, who must act in unison. The Presidency Council has three members to accommodate Iraq's three largest groups: Sunni Muslim Arabs, Shiite Muslim Arabs, and (mostly Sunni) Kurds. As a unit, the Presidency Council is meant to symbolize the unity of the nation. This arrangement is required by the constitution to continue until the Council of Representatives, enters its second set of sessions. At this point, the Presidency Council would be replaced by a solitary President of the Republic, who would also have one deputy. In any case, the Presidency is appointed by the Council of Representatives.

This three-member arrangement is a hold-over from the Iraqi interim government and the Iraqi Transitional Government.

On 13 May 2011, three vice-presidents were elected.[1] On July 11, 2011, Adil Abdul-Mahdi resigned after he had presented his resignation to President Jalal Talabani on May 30, 2011. (Al-Aswat) (USA Today)

Vice-Presidents of Ba'athist Iraq[edit]

The Ba'athist regime of Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr and Saddam Hussein also used the office of Vice President. Saddam himself held the title (1968–1979), before he established complete dominance over the state. Hardan al-Tikriti (1968–1970), Salih Mahdi Ammash and Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf (1975–2003) also served as Vice-Presidents. The most recent Ba'athist to hold the office was Taha Yassin Ramadan (1991–2003).

Vice-Presidents of post-Ba'athist Iraq[edit]

Name Portrait Born-Died Entered office Left office Political party
Ibrahim al-Jaafari
إبراهيم الجعفري
Ibrahim al-Jaafari 2014.jpg 1947– 1 June 2004 7 April 2005 Islamic Dawa Party
Rowsch Shaways
روز نورى شاويس
Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 2008.svg 1947– 1 June 2004 7 April 2005 Kurdistan Democratic Party
Adil Abdul-Mahdi
عادل عبد المهدي
ADIL ABD AL-MAHDI iq.jpg 1942– 7 April 2005 11 July 2011 Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq
Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer
غازي مشعل عجيل الياور
Ghazi al Jawar.jpg 1958– 7 April 2005 22 April 2006 The Iraqis
Tariq al-Hashimi
طارق الهاشمي
Tariq Al-Hashimi.jpg 1942– 22 April 2006 10 September 2012 Iraqi Islamic Party
Khodair al-Khozaei
Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 2008.svg 1947– 13 May 2011 9 September 2014 Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation
Nouri al-Maliki
نوري المالكي
Nouri al-Maliki with Bush, June 2006, cropped.jpg 1950– 9 September 2014 Incumbent Islamic Dawa Party
Usama al-Nujayfi
Osama al nujaifi.jpg 1956– 9 September 2014 Incumbent Muttahidoon
Ayad Allawi
أياد علاوي
Allawi1.jpg 1945– 9 September 2014 Incumbent Iraqi National Accord


See also[edit]