Vicente Carrillo Fuentes
|Vicente Carrillo Fuentes|
October 16, 1962 |
Navolato, Sinaloa, Mexico
|Occupation||Head of the Juárez Cartel|
|Mexico: $30 Million Mexican Pesos;
USA: $5 million USD
Vicente Carrillo Fuentes (born October 16, 1962), aka. El Viceroy  is a Mexican drug lord who heads the Juárez Cartel in Mexico, which controls one of the primary transportation routes for billions of dollars' worth of illegal drug shipments entering the United States from Mexico annually. He remains among Mexico's most-wanted drug lords to this day.
Family relations and alliances
The Juárez Cartel was founded by his brother Amado Carrillo Fuentes following the death of Pablo Acosta Villarreal. Vicente was born to Vicente Carrillo and Aurora Fuentes in Navolato, Sinaloa. He was the third of six brothers: Cipriano, Amado, Vicente, José Cruz, Alberto and Rodolfo. Vicente also has six sisters. All are nephews of Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo.
Cipriano Carillo Fuentes died in the mid-1980s by gunshot under mysterious circumstances. Amado began in the drug business under the tutelage of his uncle and eventually formed the Juárez Cartel by 1993. Amado brought in his brothers and eventually his son Vicente Carrillo Leyva, who was arrested on April 1, 2009.
When Amado died on July 3, 1997 following complications from plastic surgery, a brief turf war began in Juarez over the leadership of the cartel. Vicente would emerge as the victor after defeating the Muňoz Talavera brothers for control of the cartel. Vicente formed a partnership with Juan José Esparragoza Moreno, his brother Rodolfo Carrillo Fuentes, his nephew Vicente Carrillo Leyva, Ricardo Garcia Urquiza and the Beltrán Leyva brothers. He kept in service several lieutenants formally under his brother, such as "El Chacky" Hernandez.
The organization was in flux by the time Vicente took control of the cartel and the death of Amado created a large power vacuum in the Mexican underworld. The Arellano Félix brothers became the most powerful organization during the 1990s while Vicente was able to avoid direct conflict and increase the strength of the Juárez Cartel. The relationship between the Carrillo Fuentes clan and the other members of the organization grew unstable towards the end of the 1990s and into the 2000s. In 2001 after the escape from prison by Joaquín Guzmán Loera, many of the Juárez Cartel members defected to Guzmán's Sinaloa cartel.
In 2004 Rodolfo Carillo was killed outside of a movie theatre allegedly at the behest of Guzmán Loera. Vicente Carrillo responded by having Guzmán Loera's brother "El Pollo" assassinated in prison. This sparked off a turf war; however, it seemed that the war between the two was on hold during 2005 and 2006 because the Sinaloa Cartel was engaged in a vicious war with their rival, the Gulf Cartel. During this time, the leadership of the cartel was between Vicente Carrillo and Ricardo García Urquiza, who was arrested in November 2005. The cartel had become factionalized between the groups loyal to the Carrillo family and the groups loyal to Juan José Esparragoza Moreno and Guzmán Loera's Sinaloa Cartel.
The Juárez Cartel, under the control of Vicente Carrillo Fuentes and his nephew Vicente Carrillo Leyva, was placed under a large degree of pressure following the "House of Death" case, in which the organization was penetrated by law enforcement, but was corrupted by the fact that the informant participated in murders. In 2008, 200 murders occurred in the first three months and it appeared that the war between the Sinaloa Federation and the remnants of the Juárez Cartel was back on. President Calderón sent thousands of troops to Ciudad Juárez. The Juárez Cartel, at one time the most powerful in Mexico, is a shadow of its former self.
Carrillo Fuentes is currently at large and is charged in a forty-six count indictment in the Western District of Texas with continuing criminal enterprise, importation and possession with intent to distribute cocaine and marijuana, conspiracy to import and possess with intent to distribute cocaine and marijuana, as well as with money laundering, tampering with a witness, ordering the intentional killing of individuals to prevent communication of information by them to U.S. law enforcement, and murder in furtherance of a continuing criminal enterprise. The U.S. Department of State is offering a reward of up to $5 million USD for information leading to the arrest and/or conviction of Vicente Carrillo Fuentes.
Kingpin Act sanction
On 1 June 2000, the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned Carrillo Fuentes under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (sometimes referred to simply as the "Kingpin Act"), for his involvement in drug trafficking along with eleven other international criminals. The act prohibited U.S. citizens and companies from doing any king of business activity with him, and virtually froze all his assets in the U.S.
- "Top Mexican drug cartel suspect arrested, officials say". CNN. 2 April 2009. p. 2. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- (Spanish) "México ofrece millonarias recompensas por 37 líderes del narco". Univision. 23 February 2009. p. 3. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- International FUGITIVES: Carrillo-Fuentes, Vicente. U.S. Drug Enforcemnt Agency. Operations > Most Wanted Fugitives > International Division. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- "DEA FUGITIVE: CARRILLO-FUENTES, Vicente". Drug Enforcement Administration. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- Castillo, Eduardo E. (2 April 2009). "Vicente Carrillo Leyva, Wanted Mexican Drug Suspect, Detained". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- Ellingwood, Ken (3 April 2009). "Mexico arrests suspected No. 2 in Juarez drug cartel". Los Angeles Times (Mexico City). Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- Marshall, Claire (22 November 2005). "Mexico arrests drug cartel head". BBC News (Mexico City). Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- "FBI – Vicente Carrillo Fuentes". El Paso, Texas: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- "DESIGNATIONS PURSUANT TO THE FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN DESIGNATION ACT". United States Department of the Treasury. 15 May 2014. p. 1. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "An overview of the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act". United States Department of the Treasury. 2009. p. 1. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- Chabat, Jorge (July 2002). "Mexico's War on Drugs: No Margin for Maneuver". American Academy of Political and Social Science (SAGE Publications) 582.
- Mexico Arrests Alleged Head of Juarez Drug Cartel (archive) — Fox News
- Mexico Finds Body But Then Wonders: Is It Top Drug Boss? — New York Times
- WANTED: Vicente Carrillo Fuentes (archive) — United States Marshals Service
- US Indicts Juarez Drug Cartel Leader (archive) — New Mexico State University
- Top Drug Lord Reported Dead; Juarez Cartel Changes Hands (archive) — New Mexico State University