Vicente López y Portaña

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is López and the second or maternal family name is Portaña.
Vicente López y Portaña
Vicente López Selfportrait.JPG
Self-portrait
Born (1772-09-19)September 19, 1772
Valencia, Spain
Died July 22, 1850(1850-07-22) (aged 77)
Madrid, Spain
Nationality Spanish
Known for Painting

Vicente López y Portaña (September 19, 1772 – July 22, 1850) was a Spanish painter, considered the best portrait painter of his time.

Early life[edit]

Vicente López y Portaña was born in Valencia on September 19, 1772. His parents were Cristóbal López Sanchordi and Manuela Portaña Meer. Vicente López began formally studying painting in Valencia at the age of thirteen, he was a disciple of father Antonio de Villanueva, a Franciscan monk, and he studied at the Academy of San Carlos in his native city. He was seventeen when he won first prize in drawing and coloring receiving a scholarship to study in the prestigious Academia Real de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid. For the following three years in Madrid, he apprenticed with the Valencian painter, Mariano Salvador Maella. Vicente López returned to Valencia in 1794 and subsequently became vice-director of painting at the Academy where he had studied as a boy. In 1795 he married Maria Piquer, they had two sons: Bernardo López Piquer and Luis (1802–1865), who were also painters, following their father’s style but with little accomplishments. In 1801 López was named President of the Academy of San Carlos.

Court painter[edit]

Bust of López, by J. Duart (R.A.B.A.S.F., Madrid).

When king Charles IV visited the city of Turia in 1802, the king appointed him an honorary court painter at the same time he gave him some commissions that he executed successfully. He was already well known and regarded when in 1814 López was called to the court of Ferdinand VII, the Spanish king, who appointed him official court painter and received a royal appointment. Shortly thereafter he succeeded Goya as Royal Court Painter during the reign of Ferdinand VII, who also appointed him as drawing teacher of his second wife, Maria Isabella of Portugal, and later of his third wife, Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony. In 1817 he was named President of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando.

Vicente López was a prolific painter executing many religious, allegorical, historic and mythological scenes, but he specialized in portraits. During his long career he painted nearly every notable person in Spain during the first half of the 1800s.

In 1826, López painted a portrait of Francisco Goya when the famous master visited the court from Bordeaux, where the Aragonese painter was then living. Goya was then 80 and would die two years later. It was said that Goya got bored posing for his colleague who was very meticulous and a stickler for detail, and that for this reason the portrait is inferior to others by López. However, for this precise reason, and because of the strong personality of the model this is one of López's most lively and best-known works.

Portrait of Francisco Goya, 1826.

Vicente López spent the remainder of his life in Madrid painting portraits of statesmen, academics, and other important figures, as well as dramatic and emotional religious subjects. When he died, in Madrid, he was court painter of Queen Isabella II. He was seventy eight years old.

Style[edit]

Vicente López was a Neo-classicist painter but he retained certain traces of the Rococo style. He had the Neo-classical emphasis on masterly drawing, though with less rigidity. López is considered the best Spanish painter of his time, second only to Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes. One of his rivals was Agustín Esteve Marqués.

Lopez’s style is dominated by the influenced of Anton Raphael Mengs and the Academicism and he was unaffected by the romanticism popular at the end of his career. López had great skills at drawing and with the use of the brush, but he did not achieve the level of genius as Goya did. His best works are probably his drawing and small scale painting.

References[edit]

  • Vicente López Portaña (1772–1850). Su vida, su arte, su obra.(pinturas, dibujos y estampas), by José Luis Diez García, Alfonso E Pérez Sánchez - 1994

Vicente López by E. M Aguilera

External links[edit]

Media related to Vicente López y Portaña at Wikimedia Commons