Vicenza Calcio is an Italian professional football club based in Vicenza, Veneto. Founded in 1902 as Associazione del Calcio in Vicenza, they became Lanerossi Vicenza in 1953. It is the oldest team in Veneto, officially founded on 9 March 1902 by the then dean of Liceo Lioy, Tito Buy, and the physical education teacher of the same school, Libero Antonio Scarpa.
The club currently plays in Italy's Serie B, having spent the entire 1960s, most of the 1970s and a large part of the 1990s in Serie A.
Vicenza took place for the first time in the Italian Championship in 1911, reaching the finals for the title, but they were defeated by Pro Vercelli, one of the best Italian teams in that period. During the 20s and the 30s, the team played in lower divisions, reaching the first division for the first time in 1942. In the last round of the season, a 6–2 win versus Juventus, in Turin, meant a final relegation escape. In 1947, Vicenza finished fifth in Serie A, but the following year was relegated. The early 1950s were quite troublesome, due to economic problems, but in 1953 it was bought by Lanerossi, a woolen firm from Schio, with the side being renamed Lanerossi Vicenza.
Between 1955 and 1975 Vicenza never left the top level, always putting a hard fight against more established clubs. In this period the side was also known as Nobile Provinciale (Noble Provincial). In 1964 and 1966 it finished 6th, with the BrazilianLuis Vinicio finishing league's top-scorer in the former, with 25 goals.
In 1975 the club was relegated but, after winning the 1976–77 second division, would eventually finish runners-up in the following season, as a young Paolo Rossi led the scoring charts, at 24 goals. In that year the side was nicknamed Real Vicenza. Club chairman Giuseppe Farina had just bought the striker from Juventus for a then record fee of 2.6 billion lire, but the team would eventually drop two levels in just three seasons.
In the mid-1980s, Roberto Baggio started his career at the club, leading it to the Serie B. In 1986 Vicenza achieved a top flight promotion that was subsequently denied due to its involvement in the second Totonero match-fixing scandal. The club was soon relegated back to Serie C1.
In the season 2012-13, Vicenza Calcio finishes the tournament in 19th place, losing the right to play the play-out and leaves the Serie B having lot of problems regarding financial funds to join Lega Pro (third league of Italian football). After a period of uncertainty for the future of the club, the management found the resources to join the third division but financial problems are still present and the club is searching new buyers to survive. Vicenza ended the 2013–14 season in fifth place, being successively defeated by Savona in the promotion playoffs, and were due to play the 2014–15 season in the unified Lega Pro division, that would have featured an unprecedented crosstown derby against Real Vicenza. Following the dissolution of Siena, Vicenza were promoted to become the 22nd team in Serie B.