Vincenzo Cerulli (20 April 1859 – 30 May 1927) was an Italian astronomer who owned a private observatory in Teramo, where he was born.
Cerulli compiled a star catalog with Elia Millosevich. He also observed Mars and developed the theory that the Martian canals were not real but an optical illusion, a theory that was later confirmed.
He discovered one asteroid, 704 Interamnia, which is named after the Latin name for Teramo, and is notable for its relatively large diameter of approximately 350 km, which makes it the fifth largest body in the traditional asteroid belt.
A crater on Mars is named after Cerulli, as are the asteroids 366 Vincentina and 31028 Cerulli.
Cerulli died at Merate, Province of Lecco, in 1927.