The structure was discovered in 2004 by Max Rocca, a geologist in Buenos Aires, by examining Landsat imagery. He is supported by a grant from the Planetary Society. The structure consists of a central flat depression surrounded by two concentric rings of hills of approximately 30 and 50 km diameter. The Vichada River anomalously flows around the outer ring of hills. An international team of scientists collected aerial gravity data over the 50 km wide structure and discovered a positive free-air anomaly at the center of the structure, supporting its interpretation as an impact structure.
- Planetary Society Researcher Max Rocca Discovers Largest Impact Crater in South America, A Target Earth update by Amir Alexander, February 13, 2010 http://www.planetary.org/programs/projects/targetearth/20100213.html retrieved 27 February 2010
- Hernandez, O., et al., 2009, Geophysical evidence for an impact crater in Vichada, northwestern South America, and its economic potential, Earth Sci. Res. J., Vol. 13, No. 2 (December 2009): 97-107