Vickers Vernon

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Vernon
Vickers Vernon.jpg
Vernon of 70 Squadron RAF, powered by Rolls-Royce Eagle engines.
Role Transport
Manufacturer Vickers
Introduction 1921
Retired 1927
Primary user Royal Air Force
Number built 55
Developed from Vickers Vimy Commercial
Vickers Vernon on ground.jpg

The Vickers Vernon was a British biplane cargo aircraft used by the Royal Air Force. It was the first dedicated troop transport of the RAF, entering service in 1921.

The Vernon was a development of the Vickers Vimy Commercial, a passenger variant of the famous Vickers Vimy bomber, and was powered by twin Napier Lion engines. 55 were built.

In February 1923, in Iraq, Vernons of Nos. 45 and 70 Squadrons RAF airlifted nearly 500 troops to Kirkuk,[1] after the civilian area of that town had been overrun by Kurdish forces. This was the first ever[2] strategic airlift of troops.

Vernons were replaced by Vickers Victorias from 1927.

Variants[edit]

Vernon Mk I
Twin-engined military transport aircraft for the RAF.
Vernon Mk II
Powered by two 450 hp (340 kW) Napier Lion II piston engines.
Vernon Mk III
Powered by two Napier Lion III piston engines.

Operators[edit]

 United Kingdom

Specifications (Vernon)[edit]

Data from Aircraft of the Royal Air Force[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Capacity: 11 passengers
  • Length: 42 ft 8 in (13.01 m)
  • Wingspan: 68 ft 1 in (20.76 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 3 in (4.04 m)
  • Wing area: 1,330 ft² (124 m²)
  • Empty weight: 7,981 lb (3,628 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 12,554 lb (5,706 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Napier Lion, 450 hp (336 kW) each

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wragg, David Airlift A History of Military Air Transport Shrewsbury Airlife Publishing 1986 ISBN 0-906393-61-2 p13
  2. ^ Johnson, Brian & Cozens, H. I. Bombers The Weapon of Total War London Methuen 1984 ISBN 0-423-00630-4 p.38
  3. ^ Thetford, Owen (1957). Aircraft of the Royal Air Force 1918-57 (1st ed.). London: Putnam. 
  4. ^ a b Andrews, E.N.; Morgan, E.B. (1988). Vickers Aircraft Since 1908 (Second ed.). London: Putnam. pp. 76–104. ISBN 0-85177-815-1.