Victor Amadeus, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg

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Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg
Victor Amadeus Landgraf zu Hessen-Rotenburg.jpg
Spouse Leopoldine of Fürstenberg
Elisabetha of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Eleonora of Salm-Reifferscheidt-Krautheim and Gerlachsheim
House House of Hesse-Kassel
Father Charles Emmanuel of Hesse-Rotenburg
Mother Leopoldina of Liechtenstein
Born 2 September 1779
Died 12 November 1834(1834-11-12) (aged 55)

Victor of Hesse-Rotenburg (Victor Amadeus; 2 September 1779 – 12 November 1834) was the last Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg. Victor was also the Prince of Corvey from 1815 and Duke of Ratibor from 1821. His namesake was his second cousin King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia; one of his nephews was his godfather.


Victor Amadeus was a son of the Charles Emmanuel of Hesse-Rotenburg (1746–1812) and his wife Leopoldina of Liechtenstein (1754–1823), daughter of Prince Franz Josef I.

Jérôme Bonaparte, King of Westphalia, appointed him as his Chamberlain. Victor Amadeus rejected this by pointing out he was a subject of the Holy Roman Empire. Then he accused the king of the felony, after which Victor Amadeus fled. Victor Amadeus was then forced to transfer to the king the palace in Rotenburg in Kassel to cover his debt of 35,000 dollars. The king confirmed him on 10 July 1813 as Prince, Victor Amadeus refused to continue service of the king to enter into the.

In preparing the new constitution on administrative reform in Hesse in 1821, he rejected any involvement from. He regarded the provisions as binding on himself and his possessions. Repeatedly, there were negotiations with the Landgrave, to him an indemnity against Quantum, which was initially dollars 450,000, all of its rights and land in Sydney to move to the assignment. Victor Amadeus in 1815 came to Hesse-Rotenburg current territory on the Rhine (St. Goar and Rheinfels) to Prussia. In compensation he received the principalities Ratibor and Corvey under Prussian sovereignty as Allodialvermögen. He moved from 1825 to 1833, the court library of 36,000 volumes Rotenburger to Corvey.

Marriages and Succession[edit]

In Prague on 20 October 1799, Victor Amadeus married firstly Princess Leopoldine of Fürstenberg (b. 10 April 1781 - d. Prague, 7 June 1806). This marriage was childless.

In Langenburg on 10 September 1812, Victor Amadeus married secondly his relative Princess Elisabeth of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (b. Langenburg, 22 November 1790 - d. Holitsch, 6 October 1830), daughter of Charles Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. They had one child.

  • Stillborn daughter (Rotenburg, 1 September 1813).[1]

In Gerlachsheim on 19 November 1831 Victor Amadeus married thirdly Countess Eleonora of Salm-Reifferscheidt-Krautheim and Gerlachsheim (b. Heubach, 13 July 1799 - d. Raitz, 10 November 1851). This marriage was childless.

Whitout surviving issue, he bequeathed his possessions of Ratibor and Corvey to his nephew Victor, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst as were his titles of Duke of Ratibor and Prince of Corvey. The property belonged next to the former monastery of Corvey in Westphalia, the rule Ratibor in Upper Silesia. This area was 34,000 ha in size and consisted mostly of forests.


  • Small guide to the Rotenburger Quart 1627-1834 and the Princely House of Hesse-Rotenburg. Geschichtsverein old district of Rotenburg, ISBN 3r-00-010155-1
  • Communications of the Association for History and Geography of Hesse Kassel eV. ISSN 0176-3121




Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 2 September 1779 – 23 March 1812 His Serene Highness the Hereditary Prince of Hesse-Rotenburg
  • 23 March 1812 – 12 November 1834 His Serene Highness the Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg

See also[edit]