Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy

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Victor Amadeus I
Vittorio Amedeo I of Savoy1.jpg
Duke of Savoy
Reign 1630–1637
Predecessor Charles Emmanuel I
Successor Francis Hyacinth
Regent Christine Marie of France (until 1663)
Spouse Christine Marie of France
Issue Luisa Cristina, Princess Maurice
Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy
Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
Margaret Yolande, Duchess of Parma
Henrietta Adelaide Marie, Electress of Bavaria
Princess Catherine Beatrice of Savoy
House House of Savoy
Father Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
Mother Catherine Micaela of Spain
Born (1587-04-08)8 April 1587
Turin, Piedmont
Died 7 October 1637(1637-10-07) (aged 50)
Turin, Italy
Religion Roman Catholicism

Victor Amadeus I (Italian: Vittorio Amedeo I di Savoia) (8 May 1587 – 7 October 1637) was the Duke of Savoy from 1630 to 1637. He was also titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem. He was also known as the Lion of Susa.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Turin, Piedmont to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Catherine Micaela of Spain, daughter of King Philip II of Spain. He spent much of his childhood at the Spanish court in Madrid, at the court of his grandfather Philip II. He stayed there until the king's death in 1598, when Victor Amadeus was 11. When his brother, Filippo Emanuele, died in 1605, he became legitimate heir to the Duchy of Savoy and received the homage of the court at Racconigi on 21 January 1607.

After a crisis in the relationships with Spain, he was married to Henry IV of France's daughter Christine Marie in 1619.

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I.

Victor Amadeus became Duke of Savoy after his father's death in 1630. Charles Emmanuel's policies had brought a great instability in the relationships with both France and Spain, and troops were needed to defend the Duchy. As money was lacking to recruit mercenaries or train indigenous soldiers, Victor Amadeus signed a peace treaty with Spain. With the Treaty of Cherasco, Savoy was given back Pinerolo, although, according to a secret point of the agreement, that important stronghold was to remain with France in exchange for Geneve.

Subsequently, under the direction of Cardinal Richelieu, Victor Amadeus attempted to create an anti-Spanish league in Italy. He achieved two victories against the Spanish: In 1636 in the Battle of Tornavento and on September 8, 1637 in the Battle of Mombaldone.

On 25 September of that year, Victor Amadeus fell ill after a dinner offered by the Duke of Créqui. Carried to Turin, he died here on 7 October.

Marriage and issue[edit]

He married Christine Marie of France (1606–1663), Regent of the Duchy from 1637 to 1663 and a daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. They had children including:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 8 May 1587 – 21 January 1607 His Highness Victor Amadeus of Savoy
  • 21 January 1607 – 26 July 1630His Highness the Prince of Piedmont
  • 26 July 1630 – 7 October 1637 His Highness the Duke of Savoy
Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
Born: 8 May 1587 Died: 7 October 1637
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles Emmanuel I
Duke of Savoy
1630–1637
Succeeded by
Francis Hyacinth
Christine Marie of France as Regent (1637–1663)