Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
|Victor Amadeus I|
|Predecessor||Charles Emmanuel I|
|Regent||Christine Marie of France (until 1663)|
|Spouse||Christine Marie of France|
|Luisa Cristina, Princess Maurice
Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy
Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
Margaret Yolande, Duchess of Parma
Henrietta Adelaide Marie, Electress of Bavaria
Princess Catherine Beatrice of Savoy
|House||House of Savoy|
|Father||Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy|
|Mother||Catherine Micaela of Spain|
8 April 1587|
|Died||7 October 1637
Victor Amadeus I (Italian: Vittorio Amedeo I di Savoia) (8 May 1587 – 7 October 1637) was the Duke of Savoy from 1630 to 1637. He was also titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem. He was also known as the Lion of Susa.
He was born in Turin, Piedmont to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Catherine Micaela of Spain, daughter of King Philip II of Spain. He spent much of his childhood at the Spanish court in Madrid at the court of his grandfather Philip II till he died in 1598 when the young Victor was 11. When his brother, Filippo Emanuele, died in 1605, he became legitimate heir to the Duchy of Savoy and received the loyalty swore of the court at Racconigi on 21 January 1607.
Victor Amadeus became Duke of Savoy after his father's death in 1630. Charles Emmanuel's policies had brought a great instability in the relationships with both France and Spain, and troops were needed to defend the Duchy. As money was lacking to recruit mercenaries or train indigenous soldiers, Victor Amadeus signed a peace treaty with Spain. With the Treaty of Cherasco, Savoy was given back Pinerolo, although, according to a secret point of the agreement, that important stronghold was to remain with France in exchange for Geneve.
Subsequently, under the direction of Cardinal Richelieu, Victor Amadeus attempted to create an anti-Spanish league in Italy. He achieved two victories against the Spanish: In 1636 in the Battle of Tornavento and on September 8, 1637 in the Battle of Mombaldone.
On 25 September of that year, Victor Amadeus fell ill after a dinner offered by the Duke of Créqui. Carried to Turin, he died here on 7 October.
Marriage and issue
- Stillborn son (1621)
- Prince Louis Amadeus of Savoy (Turin, 1622 – Turin, 1628)
- Princess Louise Christine of Savoy (Turin, 27 July 1629 – Turin, 14 May 1692), married her uncle Prince Maurice of Savoy
- Prince Francis Hyacinth of Savoy (Turin, 14 September 1632 – Castello del Valentino, 4 October 1638), Duke of Savoy
- Prince Charles Emmanuel of Savoy (20 June 1634 – Palace of Venaria, 12 June 1675), Duke of Savoy; married first his first cousin Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans and had no issue; secondly married another first cousin Marie Jeanne of Savoy and had issue;
- Princess Margaret Yolande of Savoy (Turin, 15 November 1635 – Parma, 29 April 1663), married Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma; had two stillborn children; died giving birth to her last child;
- Princess Henrietta Adelaide Marie of Savoy (Turin, 6 November 1636 – Munich, 18 March 1676), married Ferdinand Maria of Wittelsbach, Elector of Bavaria and had issue
- Princess Catherine Beatrice of Savoy (Turin, 6 November 1636 – Turin, 26 August 1637) twin of the above
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2012)|
|Ancestors of Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy|
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 8 May 1587 – 21 January 1607 His Highness Victor Amadeus of Savoy
- 21 January 1607 – 26 July 1630His Highness the Prince of Piedmont
- 26 July 1630 – 7 October 1637 His Highness the Duke of Savoy
Victor Amadeus I, Duke of SavoyBorn: 8 May 1587 Died: 7 October 1637
Charles Emmanuel I
|Duke of Savoy
Christine Marie of France as Regent (1637–1663)