The Monument to the Bandeirantes, a stone sculpture group by Brecheret, located in São Paulo
Victor Brecheret (February 22, 1894 – December 17, 1955) was an Italian-Braziliansculptor. He lived most of his life in São Paulo, except for his studies in Paris in his early twenties. Brecheret's work combines techniques of Europeanmodernist sculpture with references to his native country through the physical characteristics of his human forms and visual motifs drawn from Brazilian folk art. Many of his subjects are figures from the Bible or classical mythology.
Brecheret was one of the first Brazilian modernists to achieve success. In 1921 his sculpture Eve was acquired by the São Paulo city hall. In 1922 his work was exhibited in the foyer of the Municipal Theatre during the Week of Modern Art (Semana de Arte Moderna). His O Grupo was acquired by the French government in 1934 for the Musée du Jeu de Paume; it was later moved to the public library at La Roche-sur-Yon, where it remains on display. His best-known work, the massive Monumento às Bandeiras at the Parque Ibirapuera in São Paulo, was proposed (in the form of a plaster miniature) in 1920, begun in 1936, and completed on January 25, 1953.
Brecheret's official Brazilian birth certificate lists his birthplace as São Paulo, but his son Victor maintains that he was in fact born in Farnese, Italy. The issue has been one part of a legal conflict between Brecheret's son and daughter. The birth certificate is based on a register made in 1930 when Brecheret was already 36 years old upon his request.