Victor Grossman

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Victor Grossman
Victor Grossman Gedenkfeier Buchenwald.jpg
Grossman visiting Buchenwald, 2013
Born Stephen Wechsler
(1928-03-11)March 11, 1928
New York City
Occupation writer

Victor Grossman(March 11, 1928– ) is an American publicist and author who defected to the Soviet Union in 1952, and is now living in Germany.


In 1952, while serving as a U.S. soldier in Austria, Grossman swam the Danube River and became one of a handful of soldiers from the NATO nations who defected to the Soviets. Grossman later stated he defected because he feared prosecution by U.S. authorities for not declaring his membership in left-wing political organizations prior to his entering the army.[1]

Following assessment by Soviet authorities, Grossman was sent to the East Germany, where he continued his studies in journalism at Karl Marx University. Before his war service, Grossman had graduated from Harvard University.[2]


Grossman worked in the publishing and media fields, especially in the creation of propaganda which targeted foreign interests.[citation needed] He was an unaffiliated journalist[clarification needed] from 1968 forward.[citation needed] In 1994, Grossman traveled to the United States and received a discharge from the U.S. Army after a hearing.[citation needed]

Selected works[edit]

  • Nilpferd und Storch. Kinderbuchverlag Berlin, Berlin, 1965
  • Von Manhattan bis Kalifornien. Aus der Geschichte der USA. Kinderbuchverlag, Berlin 1974
  • Per Anhalter durch die USA. Berlin 1976
  • Der Weg über die Grenze. Verlag Neues Leben, Berlin, 1985
  • If I Had a Song – Lieder und Sänger der USA. Lied der Zeit, Berlin, 1988, ISBN 3-7332-0023-3
  • Crossing the River. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, Boston, 2003, ISBN 1-55849-385-9 (Autobiogr.)
  • Madrid, du Wunderbare. Ein Amerikaner blättert in der Geschichte des Spanienkrieges. GNN-Verlag, Schkeuditz, 2006, ISBN 978-3-89819-235-4
  • Ein Ami blickt auf die DDR zurück, Spotless, Berlin, 2011, ISBN 978-3-360-02039-0
  • Rebel Girls: 34 amerikanische Frauen im Porträt, Papyrossa, 2012, ISBN 9783894385019