Victor I, Duke of Ratibor

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Victor I
Duke of Ratibor, Prince of Corvey, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
Victor Herzog von Ratibor.jpg
Prince Victor ca. 1885
Spouse Princess Amélie of Fürstenberg
Issue Princess Amelia
Victor II, Duke of Ratibor
Prince Franz
Princess Elisabeth
Prince Egon
Princess Marie
Prince Maximilian
Prince Ernst
Prince Karl Egon
Princess Margaret
Full name
German: Viktor Moritz Carl
House House of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
Father Franz Joseph, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
Mother Princess Constanze of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Born (1818-02-10)10 February 1818
Langenburg, Kingdom of Württemberg
Died 30 January 1893(1893-01-30) (aged 74)
Schloss Rauden, Kingdom of Prussia

Victor I, Duke of Ratibor, Prince of Corvey, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (German: Viktor Moritz Carl 1.Herzog von Ratibor, 1.Fürst von Corvey, Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst; 10 February 1818 – 30 January 1893) was a member of House of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst and later Duke of the Silesian duchy of Ratibor (Czech: Ratiboř, Polish: Racibórz).

Early life and family[edit]

Victor was born at Langenburg, Kingdom of Württemberg, eldest son of Franz Joseph, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (1787–1841), (son of Karl Albrecht II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürs and Baroness Judith Reviczky of Revisnye) and his wife, Princess Constanze of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1792–1847), (daughter of Karl Ludwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Countess Amalie of Solms-Baruth).

After initial private lessons, he attended the Royal Grammar School in Erfurt. He then studied law and modern languages in Göttingen, Bonn, Heidelberg and Lausanne. He also traveled to Switzerland, Italy, France and England.

He subsequently managed the property of his uncle, the Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg, Victor Amadeus. These included the former monastery of Corvey in Westphalia, Ratibor in Upper Silesia. This area was 34,000 hectares in size and consisted mainly of forest areas.

Victor was created Duke of Ratibor and Prince of Corvey on 15 October 1840 by King Frederick William IV of Prussia.

His younger brother Chlodwig was Chancellor of Germany and Minister President of Prussia from 1894 to 1900.

Military career[edit]

During his military service, made at an early age in the cavalry. In the 1850s he commanded in repeated exercises the 2nd -Landwehr Regiment. During the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-Prussian War, he organized as Chairman of the Silesian Association Knights Voluntary Health Care. Since 1872, he led the honorary title of General of Cavalry à la suite.

Political career[edit]

In 1847 Ratibor was a member of the Prussian United Diet. Between 1856 and 1893 he was a member of provincial parliament for Silesia Province. At first he was Marshal of the Assembly. After the introduction of the new provincial order, he was repeatedly chairman. He was also from 1849 to 1852 on the second chamber of the Prussian State Parliament. In 1850 Ratibor was a member of the Erfurt Union Parliament. From 1867 to 1870 he was a member of the North German Reichstag, and from 1872 to 1890 of the German Reichstag. He was also member from 1854 to 1893 of the Prussian House of Lords. In the latter, he was co-founder of the New Group in 1870/72, from 1877 to 1893 President of the House.

Ratibor was one of the liberal-conservative Aristocracy, political reformants, he was a supporter of Otto von Bismarck. He was also one of the founders of the Free Conservative Party.

Marriage[edit]

Wilhelm married 19 April 1845 at Donaueschingen to Princess Amélie of Fürstenberg (1821–1899), daughter of Karl Egon II, Prince of Fürstenberg, and his wife, Princess Amalie of Baden.

They had ten children:

  • Princess Amelia of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (3 October 1846 – 25 August 1847)
  • Victor II, Duke of Ratibor (6 September 1847 – 9 August 1923), married in 1867 to Countess Maria Breunner-Enkevoirth, had issue.
  • Prince Franz of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (6 April 1849 – 27 May 1925)
  • Princess Elisabeth of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (27 February 1851 – 5 October 1928)
  • Prince Egon of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (4 January 1853 – 10 February 1896), married in 1885 to Princess Leopoldine of Lobkowicz, had issue.
  • Princess Marie of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (27 June 1854 – 29 May 1928)
  • Prince Maximilian of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (9 February 1856 – 12 January 1924), married in 1882 to Countess Franziska Grimaud d'Orsay, had issue.
  • Prince Ernst of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (10 Nov 1857 – 25 February 1891)
  • Prince Karl Egon of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (7 July 1860 – 4 June 1940)
  • Princess Margaret of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (3 June 1863 – 4 June 1940)

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 10 February 1818 – 15 October 1840: His Serene Highness Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
  • 15 October 1840 – 30 January 1893: His Serene Highness The Duke of Ratibor, Prince of Corvey

Ancestry[edit]

Notes and sources[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.
Victor I, Duke of Ratibor
Cadet branch of the House of Hohenlohe
Born: 10 February 1818 Died: 30 January 1893
German nobility
New title Duke of Ratibor
15 October 1840 – 30 January 1893
Succeeded by
Victor II
Prince of Corvey
15 October 1840 – 30 January 1893