Victor Ivanovich Nikitin

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Victor Ivanovich Nikitin
Victor Ivanovich Nikitin.jpg
Victor Nikitin
Background information
Born 12 February 1911
Syzran, Russian Empire
Origin Syzran, Soviet Union
Died 6 January 1994
Genres Opera, Romantic music, military music, ethnic Russian music, easy listening, middle of the road, folk music.
Occupations Alexandrov Ensemble soloist
Years active 1939–1952
Labels BMG, EMI, Melodiya, Teldec, Victor, Columbia, Supraphon
Associated acts Alexandrov Ensemble

Victor Ivanovich Nikitin,(Russian: Виктор Иванович Никитин), was a Soviet tenor soloist of the Alexandrov Ensemble, born in Syzran 12 February 1911 and died in Moscow 6 January 1994.[1] He is notable for being the first Mr Kalinka,[2] and for being called "Ambassador Kalinka" by Erich Mückenberger after singing at the 1948 Berlin peace concert.[3] He was buried at Pyatnitskoye cemetery in Moscow.[4]

Early career[edit]

He was a machine engineer in 1938, and joined the Alexandrov Ensemble in the same year.[5] He had possibly started recording by 1936. He was already known as "Mr Kalinka" before World War II.[6][7]

World War II and 1948 Berlin peace concert[edit]

View from stage at Ensemble Peace Concert, Soviet sector of Berlin, 1948

Apparently when he sang to entertain the Soviet troops at the Eastern Front in World War II, the Germans on the other side stopped shooting to listen.[2][8] The German appreciation of Nikitin did not end there. At the Alexandrov Ensemble August 1948 Peace Concert, he sang encores of Kalinka and received high praise for his singing. Before the concert he had bought a book of 10 German folk songs, and then persuaded Boris Alexandrov and the Soviet commanders to let him sing some of them in German. This would be seen by the German audience as a great commitment to peace. In a photograph taken from the back of the choir at the time, you can see some of the 30,000-strong audience with the destroyed city as a backdrop. You can just see the flowers along the front of the stage, and to the left of the photo, standing in front of the balalaika players is a young soloist, perhaps waiting for Boris to indicate the start of his song. This is the scene which Nikitin, the choir and the orchestra saw on that day in 1948.[7][9]

A 1985 Radio DDR recording (named Auf gutem Weg Mit Guten Freunden) exists of part of this 1948 Berlin concert. Nikitin sang Im Schönsten Wiesengrunde, Ich Freue Mich Ihnen Mein Lied Zu Singen (a spoken introduction by Nikitin to Kalinka, recorded in 1988) and Kalinka.[10] In connection with this, Nikitin was made Honoured Citizen of the German Democratic Republic. In 2007, Nikitin was still remembered by Leonid Maleev, director of the Ensemble, as the earliest "Mr Kalinka".[2]

Return to choir[edit]

Nikitin, before 1952

It has been rumoured that Nikitin was in disgrace after singing in German in 1948, and that this eventually ended his career in 1952; however it is now said that he simply returned to the Ensemble choir in 1952, by his own choice, due to a strained or tired voice. He continued to be popular with Stalin, who used to wave to him in a friendly manner at concerts.[6] Nikitin could not have returned to the choir without Stalin's approval; however many relevant source-documents from this era have been destroyed.

Discography[edit]

With the Alexandrov Ensemble from 1938 to 1952 he recorded Meeting with the chief (music: A. Alexandrov; lyrics: P. Herman), Cold waves lapping (music: F. Bogoroditsky; lyrics: Ya Repninsky 1950), Samovary-samopaly (or Military samovars) duet with S. Tibaev (recorded 1941),[11] Red Fleet sailors (recorded 1943) (music A. Alexandrov; lyrics N. Labkovsky 1943), Smuglyanka, duet with N. Ustinov (recorded 1945), Kalinka,[11][12] Alas nothing to please me (1946) Prague, Come to me young laddie (1946) Prague, Nightingales (music: V. Soloviev-Gray; lyrics: A. Fat'yanov) (recorded 1946),[13] Alas nothing to please me (1948) Moscow, Come to me young laddie (1948) Prague, Troika (1948) Prague,[14][15] Im schönsten Wiesengrunde (1948) Berlin,[10] Kalinka (1948) Berlin,[10] Heidenröslein (1948) Dresden, Evening on the waterfront solo and as duet with V.N.Katerinsky, Winter evening (1951) Prague,[16][17] Down by Mother Volga.[18] He recorded Song of my country (1951 and 26 October 1952) Prague.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Information from Liudmila Gurkova, daughter of Victor Nikitin.
  2. ^ a b c Yuferova, Jadwiga (13 December 2007). "Union Belarus-Russia, no.338". Fire-bird flocks do not fly: Interview with Leonid Maleev, director of Alexandrov Ensemble. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "Discogs". Viktor Nikitin*/ Erich Mückenberger - Auf Gutem Weg Mit Guten Freunden (1948/85):Erich Mückenberger's speech: Als Präsident Der Gesellschaft Für Deutsch-Sowjetische Freundschaft Überreiche Ich Ihnen In Anerkennung Ihrer Verdienste Um Unsere Herzenssache Diese Schallplatte. 1948/85. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "Mosritual". Pyatnickoe cemetery. Retrieved 26 October 2010. 
  5. ^ Another version says that he joined the Ensemble in 1935. This may mean that he joined the choir in 1935, then became a soloist of the ensemble in 1938.
  6. ^ a b Information from Leonid Kharitonov, soloist of the Alexandrov Ensemble.
  7. ^ a b Kompaniets, Anatoly (April–May 2000). "The Newspaper "Culture", No.16". Pastoral over the ruins. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  8. ^ "Sovmusic". Comments 2007. 2007. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "The Alexandrov Ensemble". 1948 concert: photographs. 1948 (photographs). Retrieved 31 December 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c "Discogs". Viktor Nikitin* / Erich Mückenberger - Auf Gutem Weg Mit Guten Freunden (1948/1985). 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  11. ^ a b "Armchair General: Soviet wartime compositions". "Samovary" and "Smuglyanka". Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  12. ^ "Japanese "Red Army" website". Album: Les Choeurs de L'Armee Rouge: Nikitin's Kalinka (in Japanese). 2006–2009. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  13. ^ "Sovmusic: The independent activity of workers". Nightingales. 2001–2010. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  14. ^ "Japanese "Red Army" website". The Alexandrov Song and Dance Ensemble in Prague: "Troika" (in Japanese). 2004–2009. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  15. ^ "Japanese "Red Army" website". Victor Ivanovich Nikitin: biography and discography (in Japanese). Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  16. ^ "Japanese "Red Army" website". The Alexandrov Song and Dance Ensemble in Prague: "Winter Evening" (in Japanese). 2004–2009. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  17. ^ "Japanese "Red Army" website". Boris Alexandrov Ensemble: "Winter evening" (in Japanese). 2004–2009. Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  18. ^ Gaponenko, V. "World Music". List of Russian songs on vinyl: "Down by Mother Volga": soloist VI Nikitin; conductor AV Alexandrov. Retrieved 25 March 2010.