Victor Motschulsky

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Victor Ivanovitsch Motschulsky.

Victor Ivanovitsch Motschulsky (Sometimes Victor von Motschulsky, Russian: Виктор Иванович Мочульский, 11 April 1810 in St. Petersburg – 5 June 1871 in Simferopol) was a Russian entomologist mainly interested in beetles.

Motschulsky was an Imperial Army colonel who undertook extended trips abroad. He studied and described many new beetles from Siberia, Alaska, the United States of America, Europe, and Asia. Whilst he tended to ignore previous work and his own work on classification was of poor quality, Motschulsky made a massive contribution to entomology, exploring hitherto unworked regions, often in very difficult terrain. He described many new genera and species, a high proportion of which remain valid.

Travels[edit]

Motschulsky’s travels included:

1836 - France, Switzerland and the Alps, northern Italy and Austria

1839-1840 - Russian Caucasus, Astrakhan, Kazan and Siberia

1847 - Khirgizia

1850-1851 - Germany, Austria, Egypt, India, France, England, Belgium and Dalmatia

1853 - United States of America, Panama, returning to St. Petersburg via Hamburg, Kiel and Copenhagen

1853 - Germany, Switzerland and Austria

Works[edit]

Motschulsky has 45 published works, mostly on biogeographic, faunistic, or systematic aspects of entomology. Many of these works are based on studies of insect collections that were created by a large number of other naturalists, especially Russians who had been to Siberia. Most of his works are on Coleoptera, but some are on Lepidoptera and Hemiptera.

A selection of more important works revealing Motschulsky's scope:

  • Insectes de la Sibérie rapportés d'un voyage fait en 1839 et 1840. Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg, 13: 1-274. (1845)
  • Die Kaefer Russlands. I. Insecta Carabica. Moscow: Gautier, vii + 91 pp. + 9 tables. (1850).
  • Coléoptères nouveaux de la Californie. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou, 32: 122-185 (1859).
  • Études entomologiques. 10 volumes (1852–61 ).
  • Catalogue des insectes rapportés des environs du fleuve Amour, dépuis la Schilka jusqu'à Nikolaevsk. Bulletin de la Société Naturaliste de Moscou 32:487-507 (1859)
  • Coléoptères rapportés de la Songarie par M. Semenov et décrits par V. de Motchoulski. Bulletin de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg 1(5):301-304 (1859).
  • Insectes de Indes Orientales, et de contrées analogues. Études entomologiques 8(1859):25-118 (1860).
  • Coléoptères rapportés en 1859 par M. Sévertsef des steppes méridionales des Kirghises et énumérés. Bulletin de l’Académie Imperiale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg 2:513-544, 2 plates (1860)..
  • Coleoptères rapportés en 1859 par M. Severtsef des Steppes méridionales des Kirghises. Mélanges biologiques, 3 (1857–1861):408-452 (1860).
  • Coléoptères rapportés de la Songarie par M. Semenov et décrits par V. de Motchoulski. Mélanges biologiques 3:290-309 (1860)
  • Motschulsky, V. I.. Coléoptères de la Sibérie orientale et en particulier des rives de l'Amour. In: Schrenk’s Reisen und Forschungen im Amurlande 2:77-257, 6 color plates, St. Petersburg (1861).
  • Essai d'un Catalogue des Insectes de l'île Ceylan. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou 34(1):95-155 (1861).
  • Catalogue des insectes reçus du Japon. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou 39(1):163-200 (1866).

Collection[edit]

Motschulsky's vast collection is divided between Moscow State University, the Zoological Museum of Saint Petersburg, the Humboldt Museum and the German Entomological Institute.

Sources[edit]

Essig, E.O., 1972. A History of Entomology. Hafner Publishing Co., New York. 1,029 pp.