Victor Jones (British Army officer)
|Unit||14th/20th King's Hussars
Royal Armoured Corps
|Battles/wars||Second World War|
|Awards||Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Mention in Despatches
Lieutenant Colonel Victor Harry Jones OBE was a British intelligence officer and "visual deception" expert during the Second World War. First serving with the 14th/20th King's Hussars during the North African Campaign, he made a name for himself using dummy tanks (and other fake vehicles) to mislead the enemy. In 1941 he was transferred to A Force in Cairo, under Dudley Clarke, to continue deception operations on a larger scale. Toward the end of the war he was invalided home to Broadway, Worcestershire.
The first record of Jones is a posting to the 14th/20th King's Hussars, where he initiated several dummy tank operations and became an expert in visual deception techniques. In June 1936 he was promoted to the rank of major. In March or April 1941, Jones joined Dudley Clarke's 'A' Force, the department overseeing strategic deception in the Mediterranean, Middle East and African theatres. Jones was put in charge of visual deception operations, used to confuse the enemy as to the location and strength of Allied forces. During 1941 he oversaw the creation and deployment of three regiments of dummy vehicles, the designs growing steadily more elaborate under the influence of his 'A' Force colleagues and the members of the camouflage section. In August he was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
Jones briefly commanded 'A' Force from July 1941 after it was placed under the auspices of a new deception department, GSI(d). Clarke was put in overall charge of this endeavour, leaving Jones nominally the head of 'A' Force. However, by September the experiment had failed and the deception departments in Cairo reverted to their previous organisation. By August, 'A' Force was fully operational and running its first major deception. Operation Collect was a cover plan to disguise the real date of Operation Crusader. After seeing Collect started, Clarke left for Lisbon, leaving Jones to manage the operation alongside intelligence commanders Brigadier Shearer and lieutenant colonel Raymund Maunsell. During this period the three collaborated to set up Operation Cheese, the first double agent channel in the Mediterranean.
Prior to 1942, Jones' decoy tank force was somewhat informal, deployed as needed in deceptions. However, for the Battle of Alam el Halfa, at the end of August 1942, the decoys became 4th Armoured Brigade (a recently disbanded formation) and, mixed with real tanks, were given the task of harrying Rommel's flanks. During this time Jones, as commander of the Brigade, was briefly promoted to the rank of Brigadier (a rank which was removed following completion of the El Alamein campaign). In September 1942 Jones was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire. On 13 January 1944 he received a Mention in Despatches "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East".
Jones was badly wounded during the war and invalided home to his estate near Broadway, Worcestershire. He became interested in the American "Field Interrogation Detachment" (FID), whose training centre was based at a nearby prisoner of war camp (the personnel billeted in the village). Jones facilitated a meeting between Lord Ismay and Lieutenant Frank Brandstetter (who was in charge of the FID); Ismay was later able to obtain permission for the FID to work in other POW camps. Jones retired from the army on 12 August 1948 and was granted the honorary rank of lieutenant colonel.
Jones is described as a socialite. He had a wide circle of well-connected friends in Cairo, about whom he would talk at length. The American Colonel William H. Baumer, who met Jones in March 1943, described him as "one of those who spends his every word trying to impress with his acquaintances and lists of names". Jones was father to the British racehorse trainer, Harry Thomson Jones.
- Order of the British Empire (1942)
- Latimer (2001), p. 121
- London Gazette, 1936
- Holt (2004), p. 28
- Holt (2004), p. 33
- Holt (2004), pp. 35–38
- Mure (1980), pp. 96–97
- London Gazette, 1942
- London Gazette, 1944
- Carlisle (1999), p. 53
- London Gazette, 1948
- Holt (2004), p. 518
- Carlisle, Rodney P.; Monetta, Dominic J. (1999). Brandy, Our Man in Acapulco: The Life and Times of Colonel Frank M. Brandstetter. University of North Texas Press. ISBN 1-57441-069-5.
- Holt, Thaddeus (2004). The Deceivers: Allied Military Deception in the Second World War. Scribner. ISBN 0-7432-5042-7.
- Latimer, John (2001). Deception in War. Overlook Press. ISBN 978-1-58567-381-0.
- Mure, David (1980). Master of deception: tangled webs in London and the Middle East. W. Kimber. ISBN 0-7183-0257-5.
- The London Gazette: . 19 June 1936.
- The London Gazette: . 9 September 1942.
- The London Gazette: . 13 January 1944.
- The London Gazette: . 10 August 1948.
- "Recommendation for Award; Officer of the Order of the British Empire". The National Archives. 9 September 1942.
- Howard, Michael; Hinsley, Francis Harry (26 October 1990). British Intelligence in the Second World War: Strategic Deception. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-40145-3.
- Rankin, Nicholas (October 2009). A Genius for Deception; How Cunning Helped the British Win Two World Wars. ISBN 978-0-19-538704-9.