- for the science fiction writer see Victor Rousseau Emanuel
Victor Rousseau (1865-1954) was a Belgian sculptor and medalist.
Rousseau was of Walloon heritage and descended from a line of stonemasons. He began carving stone at age 11, working at the site of the Law Courts of Brussels, designed by architect Joseph Poelaert. He later apprenticed under sculptor Georges Houtstont, and took classes at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels.
A winning competition entry for the Prix Godecharle in 1890 gave Rousseau the chance to travel in England, Italy, and two full years in France, after which he returned to the atelier of Belgian sculptor and teacher Charles van der Stappen for another two years, 1887 through 1889. Rousseau himself served as professor of sculpture at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts from 1901 through 1919, and as director from 1919 through 1922 (succeeding van der Stappen in that role) and then again from 1931 through 1935.
- Le Hibou and Le Perroquet at the Botanical Garden of Brussels, circa 1898
- monument panel to Charles Buls and the builders of the Grand Place, with architect Victor Horta, 1899
- corner relief panel at the Art Nouveau Hôtel Hannon, for architect Jules Brunfaut, Saint-Gilles, Belgium, 1903
- allegorical statues for the Pont de Fragnée, Liege, circa 1904
- Anglo-Belgian War Memorial, Victoria Embankment, London, 1920, with British architect Sir Reginald Blomfield
- monumental figural group Maturity, Montagne du Parc, Brussels, 1922
- bust of Albert Giraud, Josaphat Park, Schaerbeek