Victor Turner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Victor Witter Turner (May 28, 1920 – December 18, 1983) was a British cultural anthropologist best known for his work on symbols, rituals and rites of passage. His work, along with that of Clifford Geertz and others, is often referred to as symbolic and interpretive anthropology.

Early life[edit]

Victor Turner was born in Glasgow, Scotland, son to Norman and Violet Turner. His father was an electrical engineer and his mother a repertory actress who founded the Scottish National Players. Turner initially studied poetry and classics at the University College London. In 1941, Turner was drafted into World War II, and served as a noncombatant until 1944. During his three years of service he met and married Edith Turner; their children include scientist Robert Turner and poet Frederick Turner. He returned to University College in 1946 with a new focus on anthropology. He later pursued graduate studies in anthropology at Manchester University.[1][non-primary source needed]

Career[edit]

Turner worked as research officer for the Rhodes-Livingstone Institute. It was through the position that Turner started his lifelong study of the Ndembu tribe of Zambia. He completed his PhD in 1955. Like many of the Manchester anthropologists of his time, he also became concerned with conflict, and created the new concept of social drama in order to account for the symbolism of conflict and crisis resolution among Ndembu villagers. Turner spent his career exploring rituals. As a professor at the University of Chicago, Turner began to apply his study of rituals and rites of passage to world religions and the lives of religious heroes.


Investigation of potential copyright issue

Do not restore or edit the blanked content on this page until the issue is resolved by an administrator, copyright clerk or OTRS agent.

If you have just labeled this page as a potential copyright issue, please follow the instructions for filing at the bottom of the box.

The previous content of this page or section has been identified as posing a potential copyright issue, as a copy or modification of the text from the source(s) below, and is now listed on Wikipedia:Copyright problems (listing):

http://books.google.fi/books?id=3zXFCs9EfEYC&pg=PA24&lpg=PA24&dq=%22+the+transitional+state+between+two+phases,+individuals+were%22&source=bl&ots=rL2R0arfeA&sig=eEj4FbXo4gDM2qwgGl7mY9iFYyI&hl=fi&sa=X&ei=JsxLU4WfK8amyAPFqIAI&ved=0CDgQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22%20the%20transitional%20state%20between%20two%20phases%2C%20individuals%20were%22&f=false (Duplication Detector report)
 

Unless the copyright status of the text on this page is clarified, the problematic text or the entire page may be deleted one week after the time of its listing.
Temporarily, the original posting is still accessible for viewing in the page history.

Can you help resolve this issue?
About importing text to Wikipedia
  • Posting copyrighted material without the express permission of the copyright holder is unlawful and against Wikipedia policy.
  • If you have express permission, this must be verified either by explicit release at the source or by e-mail or letter to the Wikimedia Foundation. See Wikipedia:Declaration of consent for all enquiries.
  • Policy requires that we block those who repeatedly post copyrighted material without express permission.
Instructions for filing

If you have tagged the article for investigation, please complete the following steps:

Turner was also a committed ethnographer and produced work on ritual.

Death[edit]

Turner died on December 18, 1983 in Charlottesville, Virginia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turner, Edith (1990). "The Literary Roots of Victor Turner's Anthropology". In Kathleen M. Ashley. Victor Turner and the Construction of Cultural Criticism. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. pp. 163–169. 

External links[edit]