St. Fidelis Catholic Church
Location within Ellis County (left) and Kansas (right)
|• Total||0.59 sq mi (1.53 km2)|
|• Land||0.59 sq mi (1.53 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,926 ft (587 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,231|
|• Density||2,100/sq mi (790/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-73775 |
|GNIS feature ID||0484729 |
A group of English and Scottish colonists led by a Scotsman named George Grant founded Victoria in 1873 on land he had purchased from the Kansas Pacific Railway. They named the settlement after Queen Victoria. Grant intended for Victoria to be a ranching community and was purportedly responsible for bringing the first Aberdeen Angus cattle to the United States. Most of the colonists, however, were remittance men more interested in sports and dancing than in raising livestock. Their families soon learned of this and reduced the remittances, driving most of the colonists to leave by 1880. Some returned to Britain; others left for South America.
In 1876, Volga Germans from villages near Saratov, Russia established the settlement of Herzog one half mile north of Victoria. Herzog's Roman Catholic settlers built a series of churches which culminated in the construction of St. Fidelis Catholic Church, known as "The Cathedral of the Plains," in 1911. Herzog grew rapidly and later absorbed Victoria, eventually adopting the older settlement's name. Herzog was officially renamed Victoria in 1913.
In 1942, the U.S. Army built Walker Army Airfield 3 miles northeast of Victoria. During World War II, thousands were stationed at the airfield, most for training in operation of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber aircraft. The military closed the base in 1946.
Victoria is located at  at an elevation of 1,926 feet (587 m). Located on Kansas Highway 255 (K-255) 1-mile (1.6 km) south of Interstate 70 in northwestern Kansas, Victoria is approximately 9 miles (14 km) east of Hays (the county seat), 129 miles (208 km) northwest of Wichita, and 243 miles (391 km) west of Kansas City.(38.853588, -99.147456)
The city lies roughly 9 miles (14 km) north of the Smoky Hill River in the Smoky Hills region of the Great Plains. The city sits on the east side of the North Fork of Big Creek, part of the Smoky Hill River watershed.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,214 people, 496 households, and 316 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,068.1 people per square mile (798.5/km²). There were 530 housing units at an average density of 902.9 per square mile (348.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.5% White, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% African American, 0.1% from some other race, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 0.5% of the population.
There were 496 households of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30, and the average family size was 2.93.
The median age in the city was 41.7 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.8% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 21.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.9% male and 49.1% female.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,125, and the median income for a family was $64,000. Males had a median income of $35,875 versus $26,058 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,636. About 3.2% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.
Victoria lies within Kansas's 1st U.S. Congressional District. For the purposes of representation in the Kansas Legislature, the city is located in the 36th district of the Kansas Senate and the 110th district of the Kansas House of Representatives.
Primary and secondary education
- Victoria Grade School (Grades Pre-K-6)
- Victoria High School (7-12)
Water distribution, sewer maintenance, and trash removal are the responsibility of the city government. Midwest Energy, Inc. provides electric power. Local residents primarily use natural gas for heating fuel; service is provided by Kansas Gas Service.
The Herzogfest is Victoria's annual community festival, held to celebrate the city's ethnic German heritage. Held in August, it includes music concerts, a talent show, a tractor pull, games for children, and other local entertainment.
Points of interest
St. Fidelis Catholic Church, known as "The Cathedral of the Plains", is located in Victoria. Local Roman Catholic residents, having outgrown a series of church buildings as their population grew, began construction of the church in 1908. Built from native limestone based on plans by noted church architect John T. Comes, St. Fidelis was completed in 1911. William Jennings Bryan gave the church its nickname during a visit in 1912.
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- Heim, Michael (2007). Exploring Kansas Highways. p. 32.
- "Homesteading in Ellis County - Victoria". Kansas Heritage Project. Fort Hays State University. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
- Pfeifer, Mary (2000-08-02). "History of Victoria". City of Victoria. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
- "Victoria". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
- "Homesteading in Ellis County - Herzog". Kansas Heritage Project. Fort Hays State University. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
- "U.S. Army and Air Force Wings Over Kansas". Kansas Historical Quarterly (Kansas State Historical Society) 25 (1): 334–360. Spring 1959.
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- "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "2003-2004 Official Transportation Map". Kansas Department of Transportation. 2003. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
- "Victoria". Directory of Kansas Public Officials. The League of Kansas Municipalities. Retrieved 2011-05-11.
- "USD 432". USD 432. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
- "UPRR Common Line Names". Union Pacific Railroad. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "Utilities in Victoria". City of Victoria. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "Victoria, Kansas". City-Data. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "About the Herzogfest". Herzogfest, Inc. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- Dary, David (1972-12-17). "The Cathedral of the Plains". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- "St. Fidelis Church Titles and Honors". St. Fidelis Catholic Church. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Victoria, Kansas.|
- USD 432, local school district
- Saint Fidelis Catholic Church "Cathedral of the Plains", photos.
- Kansas Photo Tour - Victoria
- Historic Images of Victoria, Special Photo Collections at Wichita State University Library
- Victoria City Map, KDOT