Victoria (electoral district)

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This article is about the federal electoral district in British Columbia. For other current and historical ridings named Victoria in other provinces or in B.C., or which are in the area of the City of Victoria, B.C., see Victoria (electoral districts). For the former federal electoral district in Ontario, see Victoria (Ontario electoral district). For the former federal electoral district in Nova Scotia, see Victoria (Nova Scotia electoral district).
Victoria
Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia electoral district
Victoria.png
Victoria in relation to other Vancouver Island federal electoral districts.
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Murray Rankin
New Democratic
District created 1924
First contested 1925
Last contested 2012
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 110,942
Electors (2011) 88,118
Area (km²)[2] 40.28
Pop. density (per km²) 2,754.3
Census subdivisions Saanich, Victoria, Oak Bay, Capital H

Victoria is a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1872 to 1904 and since 1925.

It was originally chartered as Victoria District for the special byelections held in 1871 upon the province's entry into Confederation but like the other B.C. ridings with that appellation the "District" was dropped once the temporary ridings were ratified and made "permanent" for the general election of 1872, which was the first in which the Victoria riding (by that name) appeared. From 1905 up until the 1925 election Victoria was represented by the riding of Victoria City.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups (2006): 85.54% White, 4.05% Chinese, 3.07% Aboriginal, 1.26% South Asian, 1.22% Japanese, 1.15% Filipino, 1.09% Black
Languages (2011): 83.93% English, 2.92% Chinese Languages, 1.79% French, 1.40% German
Religions (2001): 35.36% Protestant, 15.05% Catholic, 3.94% Other Christian, 1.62% Buddhist, 40.52% No religion
Median income (2005): $24,022

Geography[edit]

It covers the City of Victoria, the municipality of Oak Bay and the southeastern portion of the municipality of Saanich. It also includes the University of Victoria.

Riding associations[edit]

Riding associations are the local branches of the national political parties:

Party Association Name CEO HQ Address HQ City
     Christian Heritage Party of Canada Christian Heritage Party - Victoria Riding Association John K. Cooper 306-2020 Richmond Avenue Victoria
     Conservative Party of Canada Victoria Conservative Association Donald Nightingale PO BOX 8416 Victoria
     Liberal Party of Canada Victoria Federal Liberal Association Andrew J. Reeve 1075 Pandora Avenue Victoria
     New Democratic Party Victoria Federal NDP Riding Association Erik Kaye PO BOX 5380 LCD #9 Victoria
Green GPC Victoria EDA Ariel Lade PO BOX 8137 Victoria

History[edit]

This electoral district was created in 1872 when Victoria District riding was abolished. It elected two members to the Canadian House of Commons.

In 1878, Sir John A. Macdonald was parachuted into the riding, as he was unelectable in eastern Canada, in the wake of the Pacific Scandal. Victorians voted for him enthusiastically, as he promised to finally bring about the construction of what became the Canadian Pacific Railway. In the fall, he was also acclaimed as member for the Marquette riding in Manitoba.

It was abolished in 1903, and split into Victoria City and Nanaimo ridings.

It was re-created in 1924 from the Victoria City riding, electing one member to the House of Commons.

Victoria was one two electoral districts in British Columbia that saw no changes to its boundaries proposed following the 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

1872 – 1904
1925 – present
Parliament Years Member Party
Victoria
Riding re-created from Victoria City
15th  1925 − 1926     Simon Fraser Tolmie Conservative
16th  1926 − 1928
 1928 − 1930     D'Arcy Plunkett Conservative
17th  1930 − 1935
18th  1935 − 1936
 1936 − 1937     Simon Fraser Tolmie Conservative
 1937 − 1940     Robert Mayhew Liberal
19th  1940 − 1945
20th  1945 − 1949
21st  1949 − 1953
22nd  1953 − 1957     Francis Fairey Liberal
23rd  1957 − 1958     Albert McPhillips Progressive Conservative
24th  1958 − 1962
25th  1962 − 1963
26th  1963 − 1965     David Groos Liberal
27th  1965 − 1968
28th  1968 − 1972
29th  1972 − 1974     Allan McKinnon Progressive Conservative
30th  1974 − 1979
31st  1979 − 1980
32nd  1980 − 1984
33rd  1984 − 1988
34th  1988 − 1993     John Brewin New Democratic
35th  1993 − 1997     David Anderson Liberal
36th  1997 − 2000
37th  2000 − 2004
38th  2004 − 2006
39th  2006 − 2008     Denise Savoie New Democratic
40th  2008 − 2011
41st  2011 − 2012
 2012 − Present     Murray Rankin New Democratic

Current Member of Parliament[edit]

The current Member of Parliament for Victoria is Murray Rankin of the New Democratic Party, a former lawyer and University of Victoria law professor.

Election results[edit]

1925 – present[edit]

The Victoria riding name was re-established as a one-member seat in 1924.


Canadian federal by-election, November 26, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Murray Rankin 14,507 37.17 -13.61 $95,540
Green Donald Galloway 13,389 34.30 +22.69 $97,264
Conservative Dale Gann 5,654 14.49 -9.14 $90,170
Liberal Paul Summerville 5,097 13.06 -0.92 $81,254
Libertarian Art Lowe 193 0.49 $496
Christian Heritage Philip Ney 192 0.49 $3,499
Total valid votes/Expense limit 39,032 100.00
Total rejected ballots 98
Turnout 39,130 44.02
Eligible voters 88,886
New Democratic hold Swing -24.28
By-election called due to the resignation of Denise Savoie.
Source: "November 26, 2012 By-elections". Elections Canada. November 27, 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Denise Savoie 30,679 50.78 +6.17 $74,027
Conservative Patrick Hunt 14,275 23.63 -3.93 $83,652
Liberal Christopher Causton 8,448 13.98 -2.90 $92,040
Green Jared Giesbrecht 7,015 11.61 +1.06 $32,030
Total valid votes/Expense limit 60,417 100.00   $93,244
Total rejected ballots 208 0.34 +0.03
Turnout 60,625 68.55
Eligible voters 88,438
     New Democratic hold Swing +5.1
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Denise Savoie 26,443 44.61 +6.15 $81,857
Conservative Jack McClintock 16,337 27.56 +2.96 $82,001
Liberal Anne Park Shannon 10,006 16.88 -10.64 $47,655
Green Adam Saab 6,252 10.55 +2.42 $25,997
Christian Heritage John Cooper 237 0.40 ø
Total valid votes/Expense limit 59,275 100.00   $89,794
Total rejected ballots 184 0.31 -0.04
Turnout 59,459
     New Democratic hold Swing +1.6
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Denise Savoie 23,839 38.46 +7.38 $72,365
Liberal David Mulroney 17,056 27.52 -7.52 $83,680
Conservative Robin Baird 15,249 24.60 +2.77 $83,680
Green Ariel Lade 5,036 8.13 -3.56 $25,332
Marijuana Fred Mallach 311 0.50 $8,108
Independent Saul Andersen 282 0.45 $409
Western Canada Concept Bruce Burnett 208 0.34 ø
Total valid votes 61,981 100.00  
Total rejected ballots 167 0.27 +0.02
Turnout 62,148
     New Democratic gain from Liberal Swing +7.5
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal David Anderson 20,398 35.04 -7.61 $77,645
New Democratic David Turner 18,093 31.08 +18.07 $63,980
Conservative Logan Wenham 12,708 21.83 -14.35 $79,360
Green Ariel Lade 6,807 11.69 +5.83 $32,630
Canadian Action Derek J. Skinner 206 0.35 ø $2,949
Total valid votes 58,212 100.00  
Total rejected ballots 169 0.29 -0.08
Turnout 58,381 68.41 +5.14
     Liberal hold Swing -12.8

'Note:'2004 Conservative percentage change based on Alliance and PC numbers.

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal David Anderson 23,730 42.65 +7.90 $69,260
Alliance Bruce Hallsor 16,502 29.66 +0.15 $65,598
New Democratic David Turner 7,243 13.01 -8.88 $51,776
Progressive Conservative Brian Burchill 3,629 6.52 +0.36 $6,889
Green Joan Russow 3,264 5.86 +0.49 $19,737
Marijuana Chuck Beyer 863 1.55 $975
Natural Law Cal Danyluk 138 0.24 -0.41
Independent Lorenzo A. Bouchard 101 0.18
Communist Scott Rushton 92 0.16 $189
No affiliation Mary Moreau 75 0.13
Total valid votes 55,637 100.00  
Total rejected ballots 204 0.37 -0.09
Turnout 55,841 63.55 -4.92
     Liberal hold Swing +3.9
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal David Anderson 18,130 34.75 -2.39 $60,758
Reform Arla Taylor 15,393 29.51 +1.78 $53,976
New Democratic Carol Judd 11,419 21.89 +7.84 $54,055
Progressive Conservative John J.P. King 3,589 6.88 -3.50 $14,767
Green Joan Russow 2,806 5.37 +3.42 $2,912
Canadian Action Brian Burchill 353 0.67 $3,521
Natural Law Cal Danyluk 340 0.65 -0.23 $321
Independent Bob O'Neill 131 0.25 $1,045
Total valid votes 52,161 100.00  
Total rejected ballots 241 0.46
Turnout 52,402 68.52
     Liberal hold Swing -2.1
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal David Anderson 21,402 37.14 +15.75
Reform Patrick Hunt 15,981 27.73 +19.33
New Democratic John Brewin 8,091 14.04 -23.93
Progressive Conservative Faith Collins 5,982 10.38 -19.55
National Cecelia Mavrow 4,034 7.00 ø
Green Donna Morton 1,125 1.95 +0.19
Natural Law Michael Coon 511 0.88 ø
Libertarian Kent Cowan 172 0.29 -0.06
Independent Roger Rocan 121 0.20 ø
Independent Rhyon Caldwell 83 0.14 ø
Communist Anne Foss 74 0.12 -0.74
Independent John Ernest Currie 45 0.07 ø
Total valid votes 57,621 100.00
     Liberal gain from New Democratic Party Swing +21.6
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic John F. Brewin 22,399 37.97 -0.63
Progressive Conservative Geoff Young 17,660 29.93 -16.41
Liberal Michael James O'Connor 12,617 21.39 +8.76
Reform Terry Volb 4,956 8.40 ø
Green Laura K. Porcher 1,037 1.76 +0.68
Rhinoceros J.C. Hicks 209 0.35 -0.14
Independent John A. Harter 121 0.21 ø
Total 58,999 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Allan McKinnon 24,588 46.34 -4.00
New Democratic John Brewin 20,480 38.60 +4.28
Liberal Jane Heffelfinger 6,702 12.63 -1.72
Green John F. Knight 575 1.08 ø
Rhinoceros Dapper Dan Lindsay 262 0.49 -0.40
Libertarian Bill J. McElwain 187 0.35 ø
Confederation of Regions Elizabeth James 162 0.31 ø
Independent Johannes Balther-Jensen 104 0.20 ø
Total 53,060 100.00
13 Husband of Gretchen Brewin, who remained as Mayor of Victoria.
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Allan McKinnon 25,068 50.34 -4.40
New Democratic Robin Blencoe 17,088 34.32 +4.39
Liberal Bruce E. Corbett 7,145 14.35 -0.80
Rhinoceros Rhino Kirk Higgins 446 0.89 ø
Marxist–Leninist Dorothy Ratzlaff 47 0.01 -0.17
Total 49,794 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Allan McKinnon 28,058 54.74 +9.40
New Democratic Gretchen Brewin 12 15,344 29.93 +15.24
Liberal Robert Monaghan 7,766 15.15 -14.39
Marxist–Leninist Dorothy Ratzlaff 91 0.18 -0.26
Total 51,259 100.00
12 Mayor of the City of Victoria 1986-1990
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Allan McKinnon 26,771 45.34 -2.14
Liberal Frances H. Elford 14,289 29.54 +4.05
New Democratic Peter W. James 7,108 14.69 -8.57
Marxist–Leninist Dave Danielson 211 0.44 ø
Total 48,379 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Allan McKinnon 22,842 47.48 +15.09
Liberal David Groos 12,264 25.49 -18.41
New Democratic Flemming Hansen 11,192 23.26 +0.80
Social Credit Clifford E. Stretch 1,173 2.44 -19.66
Independent Daniel Lewis Heffernan 357 0.74 ø
Independent Michael Charles Hall-Patch 280 0.58 ø
Total 48,108 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal David Groos 18,401 43.90 +12.03
Progressive Conservative Eric Charman 13,578 32.39 +3.82
New Democratic Harvey Richardson 9,414 22.46 +5.85
Independent George Burnham 526 1.25 ø
Total 41,919 100.00

A redistribution in 1966 trimmed the size of the riding slightly, removing parts of Saanich west of Cedar Hill Road and north of Cedar Hill Cross Road.

Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal David Groos 13,930 31.87 -2.74
Progressive Conservative Clifford Waite 12,488 28.57 -2.5
Social Credit M. Frank Hunter 9,659 22.10 +8.98
New Democratic J. Lloyd Brereton 7,259 16.61 +3.36
Communist William Stuart E. Morrison 374 0.86 -0.08
Total 43,710 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal David Groos 15,040 34.61 -0.91
Progressive Conservative Eric Charman 13,502 31.07 -4.99
New Democratic H.A.L. Fanthorpe 5,757 13.25 -0.64
Social Credit Millard H. Mooney 5,701 13.12 -1.41
Independent Liberal Thomas Foster Isherwood 3,460 7.96 -27.56
Total 43,460 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Albert McPhillips 14,333 36.06 -25.01
Liberal Thomas Foster Isherwood 14,117 35.52 +14.21
Social Credit James Audain 5,776 14.53 +8.07
New Democratic H.A.L. Fanthorpe 5,520 13.89 +2.73
Total 39,746 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Albert McPhillips 24,945 61.07 +16.41
Liberal William Geoffrey Ellis 8,706 21.31 -5.98
Co-operative Commonwealth Victor W. Williams 4,560 11.16 +1.92
Social Credit Elmer D. McEwen 2,637 6.46 -12.34
Total 40,848 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Albert McPhillips 17,981 44.66 +26.33
Liberal Francis Fairey 10,987 27.29 -13.72
Social Credit Waldo Skillings 7,569 18.80 -7.18
Co-operative Commonwealth Victor W. Williams 3,721 9.24 -4.13
Total 40,258 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Francis Fairey 13,696 41.01 -14.96
Social Credit Waldo Skillings 8,677 25.98 +23.74
Progressive Conservative George James 6,122 18.33 -11.08
Co-operative Commonwealth May Campbell 4,465 13.37 -1.25
Independent SC Andrew Henry Jukes 422 1.26 ø
Communist Thomas Seibert 313 0.94 -2.15
Total 33,395 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Robert Mayhew 19,324 55.97 +22.65
Progressive Conservative Gordon Arthur Cameron 10,154 29.41 -2.89
Co-operative Commonwealth William Baxter Caird 5,048 14.62 -14.44
Total 34,526 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Robert Mayhew 11,806 33.32 -19.15
Progressive Conservative Sir Henry Lumley Drayton 11,442 32.30 0.00
Co-operative Commonwealth Murray D. Bryce 10,295 29.06 +16.38
Communist Garry Culhane 1,093 3.09 ø
Social Credit William Franklin Lougheed 793 2.24 ø
Total 35,429 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Robert Mayhew 13,887 52.47 +12.41
National Government James Sutherland Brown 9,193 34.78 ø
Co-operative Commonwealth Kenneth McAllister 3,352 12.68 -14.96
Total 26,429 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 29 November 1937
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
On Mr. Tolmie's death, 13 October 1937
Liberal Robert Mayhew 9,493 40.06 +6.63
Conservative Bruce Alistair McKelvie 7,654 32.30 -1.76
Co-operative Commonwealth John King Gordon 6,550 27.64 -2.83
Total 23,697 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 8 June 1936
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
On Mr. Plunkett's death, 3 May 1936
Conservative Simon Fraser Tolmie 5,997 34.06 -1.22
Liberal John King Gordon 5,887 33.43 +3.43
Independent Christopher John McDowell 5,725 32.51 ø
Total 17,609 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative D'Arcy Britton Plunkett 7,505 35.28 -21.61
Co-operative Commonwealth John King Gordon 6,482 30.47 ø
Liberal Christopher John McDowell 6,378 30.00 -13.11
Reconstruction Percival Edward George 905 4.25 ø
Total 21,270 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative D'Arcy Britton Plunkett 8,319 56.89 -6.36
Liberal Stuart Alexander Henderson 6,303 43.11 +6.36
Total 14,622 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 6 December 1928
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
On Mr. Tolmie's resignation, 5 June 1928
Conservative D'Arcy Britton Plunkett 5,636 63.25 +0.48
Liberal John Duncan MacLean 5,544 36.75 -0.48
Total 13,355 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Simon Fraser Tolmie 6,831 62.77 +2.77
Liberal Edward Oliver Carew Martin 4,051 37.23 -2.77
Total 10,882 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Simon Fraser Tolmie 6,926 60.00
Liberal William McKinnon Ivel 4,617 40.00
Total 11,543 100.00

1872 – 1902[edit]

The Victoria riding was abolished in 1903. Successor ridings were Victoria City and, for western parts of the riding, Nanaimo.

Note: Winners of 1871-1902 elections are in bold, as this riding elected two members of Parliament.

Canadian federal by-election, 28 January 1902
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal George Riley 1,797 56.60 X
Conservative F.S. Barnard 10 1,378 43.40
Total 3,175
Called upon Mr. Prior's election being declared void, 2 December 1901

10 Founder of Barnard's Express and 10th Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia

Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Edward Gawler Prior 1,872 26.96 X
Conservative Thomas Earle 1,775 25.56 X
Liberal Richard Low Drury 1,657 23.86
Liberal George Riley 1,640 23.62
Total 6,944 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative E.G. Prior 1,647 27.43 X
Conservative Thomas Earle 1,551 25.83 X
Liberal William Templeman 1,452 24.18
Liberal George L. Milne 1,355 22.56
Total 6,005 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 6 January 1896
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative Edward Gawler Prior n/a 8 X
Liberal William Templeman n/a
Total
Called upon Mr. Prior being appointed Controller of Inland Revenue, 17 December 1895.

8 There are no vote counts in the Elections Canada records, only an indication that Mr. Prior was the winner of this byelection.

Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative Thomas Earle 1,061 35.87 X
Conservative E.G. Prior 1,031 34.85 X
Liberal William Templeman 449 17.28
Liberal William Marchant (politician) 417 14.10
Total 2,958 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 23 January 1888
Party Candidate Votes Elected
Conservative Edward Gawler Prior 5 Acclaimed X
Total
On Mr. Shakespeare's resignation, June 1887, to become Postmaster of Victoria, June, 1887.

5 15th Premier of British Columbia 1902-1903 and 11th Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia, 1919–1920

Canadian federal by-election, 28 October 1889
Party Candidate Votes Elected
Conservative Thomas Earle Acclaimed X
Total
On Mr. Baker's resignation, 2 May 1889.
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative E.C. Baker 632 26.34 X
Conservative Noah Shakespeare 548 22.84 X
Independent Conservative T.B. Humphreys 394 16.42
Independent Conservative James Fell 327 13.63
Liberal W.A. Robertson 253 10.55
Liberal A.E. McCallum 245 10.21
Total 2,399 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Conservative Edgar Crow Baker 441 26.30 X
Conservative Noah Shakespeare 400 23.85 X
Liberal Amor De Cosmos 307 18.31
Unknown Cornelius Booth 241 14.37
Unknown John Boyd 149 8.88
Unknown James Fell 139 8.29
Total 1,677 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal–Conservative John A. Macdonald 3 896 46.81 X
Liberal Amor De Cosmos 538 28.11 X
Unknown J.P. Davies 480 25.08
Total 1,914 100.00

3 Until the writ of election was dropped, MacDonald had been Minister of the Interior but was elected to serve as an incumbent Prime Minister after a caucus vote re-designating him leader.

Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Amor De Cosmos 308 30.56 X
Liberal Francis J. Roscoe 304 30.16 X
Unknown C. Morton 299 29.66
Unknown T. Harris 97 9.62
Total 1,008 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Henry Nathan Jr. 402 44.97 X
Liberal Amor De Cosmos 398 44.52 X
Unknown R. Beaven 1 94 10.51
Total 894 100.00

1 6th Premier of British Columbia, 1882–1883

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]