Victoria Bridge (Stockton-on-Tees)

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For other places with the same name, see Victoria Bridge (disambiguation).
Victoria Jubilee Bridge
Victoria Bridge - lvm15.jpg
Victoria Bridge over the river Tees
Official name Victoria Jubilee Bridge
Carries Bridge Road (A1130)
Crosses River Tees
Locale Borough of Stockton-on-Tees, England, United Kingdom
Designer Harrison Haytor and Charles Neate
Design Wrought Iron Arch
Material Wrought and cast iron, stone and concrete
Total length 104 metres (341 ft)
Width 60 feet (18 m)
Longest span 110 feet (34 m)
Number of spans 3
Piers in water 2
Constructed by Whitaker Brothers of Leeds
Construction begin 1882
Construction end 1887
Opened 20 June 1887
Preceded by Tees Bridge
Followed by Teesquay Millennium Bridge
Heritage status Grade II listed building (19 February 2010)
Coordinates 54°33′30″N 1°18′25″W / 54.55833°N 1.30694°W / 54.55833; -1.30694

The Victoria Jubilee Bridge is a road bridge carrying Bridge Road (A1130) east west across the River Tees between Stockton-on-Tees and Thornaby-on-Tees in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees in the north east of England. Commonly referred to as the Victoria Bridge, it is located just south east of Stockton town centre.

Under an 1881 act of Parliament, the bridge was constructed (1882–1887) at a cost of £69,051 by Whitaker Brothers of Leeds,[1][2][3] financed by the local council, a tramway company, North East Railways and the water board,[3] and commemorates the 50th year of the reign of Queen Victoria.[3][4][5]

History[edit]

Before the existence of a bridge at this location communication was provided by Bishop's Ferry.[6] The first bridge was a five arch Stockton (stone) Bridge completed in 1771, designed by Joseph Robson of Sunderland[1][3][4][7] and which was toll free by 1820.[8]

Design[edit]

The design is a wrought-iron arch bridge by Charles Neate and consulting engineer Harrison Haytor.[1][2][3] The foundations of the abutments and piers are five cylindrical columns, 40 feet (12 m) deep and 14 feet (4.3 m) in diameter.[1] The abutments are faced with granite and sandstone and are filled in with large stone rubble.[7] The bridge has three arches – the centre arch is 110 feet (34 m) wide and the side arches are 85 feet (26 m).[7] The arches each have eight wrought iron ribs[1][7] that vary in thickness from 3 feet (91 cm) at the centre to 4 feet (120 cm) at the bearings.[1] The deck is carried on buckled plates resting on secondary beams.[1] The road is 40 feet (12 m) wide and the pavement 10 feet (3.0 m) wide.[9] The balustrades are cast iron with an open design of interlocking circles, and on the parapets are ornamental cast iron lampposts carrying modern lights while the spandrels are open cast iron work with a design of diminishing interlocking circles.[2]

At either side of the bridge are land-based arches that are currently impassable on the upriver side. These were designed to allow horse-drawn barges to pass under the bridge.

Construction[edit]

Whitaker Brothers of Leeds began construction in 1882, and completed the bridge in 1887.[1][3]

Operation[edit]

The bridge was opened on 20 June 1887.[4][5][7][9] The bridge replaced Yarm Bridge as the lowest bridge point on the river Tees. Shortly after the opening the tram system was extended over the bridge, and the bridge was to be used by trams until 1931.[3] The bridge at this point was the lowest bridge point until the opening of the Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge in 1911[6] and the lowest permanent bridge point until the opening of the Tees Newport Bridge in 1934. During the second World War a bomb passed through the roadway without exploding.[7] The bridge used to carry the A66 and A67 until the Surtees Bridge was built in 1981. In 2010 the bridge was made a grade II listed building.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Rennison, Robert William. "Civil engineering heritage". Retrieved 23 August 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Victoria Bridge, Thornaby". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Victoria Bridge, Stockton-on-Tees". Bridges on the Tyne. 2007. Retrieved 23 August 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c Kenyon, Chris. "A Trip up the Tees". Tees Rowing Club. Retrieved 23 August 2009. [dead link]
  5. ^ a b "The Victoria Bridge at Stockton Teesside". marphotographics. Retrieved 23 August 2009. 
  6. ^ a b Delplanque, Paul (31 August 2009). "Victoria Bridge Stockton...Then and now". Gazette Live (Teesside: Evening Gazette). Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "SINE Project, Structure Details for Victoria Bridge". Sine – Structural Images of the North East. University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Retrieved 23 August 2009. 
  8. ^ Page, William (1928). Parishes: Stockton on Tees. A History of the County of Durham 3. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  9. ^ a b Proud, Keith (2 May 2007). "How Thornaby turned into a pottery town". North East History. NewsQuest. Retrieved 23 August 2009. [dead link]

External links[edit]