Victoria Highway

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Victoria Highway
Western Australia – Northern Territory
Map of north-western Australia with Victoria Highway highlighted in red
General information
Type Highway
Length 557 km (346 mi)
Route number(s) National Highway 1
Major junctions
West end Great Northern Highway (National Highway 1), 56km south of Wyndham, Western Australia
 
East end Stuart Highway, (National Highway 1), Katherine, Northern Territory
Location(s)
Major settlements Kununurra, Victoria River
Highway system
Highways in Australia
National HighwayFreeways in Australia
Highways in Western Australia

The Victoria Highway links the Great Northern Highway in Western Australia with the Stuart Highway in the Northern Territory.[1] The highway is a part of the Perth - Darwin National Highway link. It is signed as National Highway 1, and is part of Highway 1, a circular route around the country. It is 555 kilometres (345 mi) long, and most of the route – some 470 kilometres (290 mi) – lies within the Northern Territory. In some areas it runs in parallel with the Northern Territory's Victoria River, from which its name originates.

History[edit]

Originally a series of unformed tracks linking pastoral holdings, the route was developed as a gravel road in the 1950s to aid the beef industry. Improvements took place in the 1960s which tied in with the development of the Ord Irrigation Scheme, which enabled the introduction of road trains. It was designated as National Highway in 1974 and was fully reconstructed and sealed to a good standard by the early 1990s. The highway serves pastoral, mining and tourism industries, as well as the Ord Irrigation Scheme agricultural development near Kununurra.

Route description[edit]

The highway is described as spectacular,[citation needed] with escarpment ranges, the unique boab trees and the mighty Victoria River that runs into deep valleys and spectacular gorges. Its eastern terminus is at Katherine which is renowned for Katherine Gorge. In Western Australia, the access road to the Ord River Dam which holds back Lake Argyle - Australia's largest artificial lake - begins at the Victoria Highway just west of the Western Australia / Northern Territory border. The western terminus is at Great Northern Highway, south of Whyndham.

The highway connects the towns of Kununurra, Timber Creek, and Katherine

Flooding[edit]

The highway crosses Victoria River near Timber Creek, and this crossing is particularly flood-prone in the wet season. Water overtopping the bridge can cut the main Western Australia - Northern Territory link for days or even weeks during the November - April rainy period. It is not unheard of for the bridge surface to at times be submerged below 10 metres of floodwaters.[citation needed]

Major intersections[edit]

State LGA Location km[2] Mile Destinations Notes
Western Australia Wyndham-East Kimberley Lake Argyle 0 0 Great Northern Highway (National Highway 1 south) – Wyndham, Halls Creek T-Junction: Victoria Highway continues west as Great Northern Highway; National Highway 1 concurrency terminus: continues south
87.6 54.4 Western Australia / Northern Territory border  
Northern Territory Victoria Daly Baines  
101 63 Duncan Road – Halls Creek
Timber Creek 300 186 Buchanan Highway (National Route 80) – Dunmarra
Delamere 432 268 Buntine Highway (National Route 96) – Nicholson
Katherine Katherine 557 346 Stuart Highway (National Highway 1) – Darwin, Tennant Creek, Alice Springs Eastern highway terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Penguin Australian Road Atlas, 18th edition. Ringwood, Victoria: Penguin Books Australia Ltd. 1999. ISBN 0-670-88570-3.