Eleanor Hibbert

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Eleanor Alice Burford Hibbert
Eleanor Hibbert.jpg
Born Eleanor Alice Burford
(1906-09-01)1 September 1906
Canning Town, London, England
Died 19 January 1993(1993-01-19) (aged 86)
At sea between Athens, Greece and Port Said, Egypt
Pen name Jean Plaidy, Victoria Holt, Philippa Carr, Eleanor Burford, Elbur Ford, Kathleen Kellow, Ellalice Tate, Anna Percival
Occupation Novelist
Nationality English
Citizenship British
Period 1941–1993 (52 years)
Genre Historical fiction, Gothic fiction, Romantic fiction
Notable awards Romance Writers of America – Golden Treasure award
1989 Significant contribution to the romance genre
Spouse George Percival Hibbert (1886–1963)
  • Joseph Burford (father)
  • Alice Louise Tate (mother)

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Eleanor Hibbert (1 September 1906 – 18 January 1993) was an English author who combined imagination with facts to bring history alive through novels of fiction and romance. She was a prolific writer who published several books a year in different literary genres, each genre under a different pen name: Jean Plaidy for fictionalized history of European royalty; Victoria Holt for gothic romances, and Philippa Carr for a multi-generational family saga. A literary split personality, she also wrote light romances, crime novels, murder mysteries and thrillers under the names Eleanor Burford, Elbur Ford, Kathleen Kellow, Anna Percival, and Ellalice Tate.

In 1989, the Romance Writers of America gave her the Golden Treasure award in recognition of her significant contributions to the romance genre.[1] By the time of her death, she had written more than 200 books that worldwide sold more than 100 million copies in 20 languages.[2] She continues to be a widely borrowed author among lending libraries.[3] Her popular works of historical fiction are appreciated by readers and critics alike for their accuracy, quality of writing, and attention to detail.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Map 1908, showing Canning Town to the north of Royal Victoria Dock.
A shop in Hatton Garden, London’s jewellery quarter and centre of the UK diamond trade.
Plaidy Beach near Looe, Cornwall
King's Lodging, a historic house in Sandwich, Kent.
Albert Court, Kensington Gore, London as seen from the Royal Albert Hall.
The cruise ship Canberra in 2006 at Sydney.
The cruise ship Sea Princess in 1986 at Venice.

Hibbert was born Eleanor Alice Burford on 1 September 1906 at 20 Burke Street, Canning Town, now part of the London borough of Newham.[5] She inherited a love of reading from her father, Joseph Burford, a dock labourer. Her mother was Alice Louise Burford, née Tate.

Hibbert left school at the age of 16 and went to a business college, where she studied shorthand, typewriting, and languages. She then worked for a jeweller in Hatton Garden, where she weighed gems and typed. She also worked as a language interpreter in a cafe for French and German speaking tourists.[4]

In her early twenties she married George Percival Hibbert (ca. 1886–1960s),[2] a wholesale leather merchant about twenty years older than herself, who shared her love of books and reading.[5] During World War II the Hibberts lived in a cottage in Cornwall that looked out over a bay called Plaidy Beach.

A few years after her husband's death, Eleanor Hibbert bought King's Lodging, a historic house in Sandwich, Kent. She restored it and furnished it opulently but soon found it too big for her taste and too far from London.[5] In the early 1980s Hibbert sold the house.[6]

She then moved to a penthouse apartment at Albert Court, Kensington Gore, London that overlooked the Royal Albert Hall and Hyde Park.[4] She shared her apartment with Mrs Molly Pascoe, a companion who also traveled with her.[7]

Hibbert spent her summers in her cottage near Plaidy Beach in Cornwall.[7] To get away from the cold English winter, Hibbert would sail around the world on board a cruise ship three months a year from January to April. The cruise would take her to exotic destinations like Egypt and Australia, locations that she later incorporated into her novels.[7][8] She sailed to Sydney, Australia aboard the cruise ship Oronsay in 1970, and aboard the Canberra in 1978. Her 1971 Victoria Holt novel, The Shadow of the Lynx, was set in the Australian goldfields 40 miles north of Melbourne.[9]

Eleanor Hibbert died on 19 January 1993 on the cruise ship Sea Princess somewhere between Athens, Greece and Port Said, Egypt and was buried at sea. A memorial service was later held on 6 March 1993, at St Peter's Anglican Church, Kensington Park Road, London.[5] After her death, Mark Hamilton of the A.M. Heath Literary Agency took over as executor for her literary estate, estimated to be worth about £8,790,807 at probate.[5][10]

Writing career[edit]

"I consider myself extremely lucky to have been born and raised in London, and to have had on my doorstep this most fascinating of cities with so many relics of 2000 years of history still to be found in its streets. One of my greatest pleasures was, and still is, exploring London."
—Eleanor Hibbert[4]

"I found that married life gave me the necessary freedom to follow an ambition which had been with me since childhood; and so I started to write in earnest."
—Eleanor Hibbert[4]

Hampton Court, London. View of the Great Gatehouse from the outside.

Eleanor Hibbert first discovered her fascination for the past when she visited Hampton Court at the age of seventeen.[11] After her marriage, Hibbert achieved the financial independence she needed to realise her desire to write. Emulating her literary heroes – the Brontës, George Eliot, Charles Dickens, Victor Hugo, and Leo Tolstoy – she completed nine long novels during the 1930s, all of them serious psychological studies of contemporary life. However, none of these were accepted for publication. At the same time, she wrote short stories for newspapers such as the Daily Mail and Evening News. Some also appeared in The Star, Woman's Realm and Ladies' Home Journal. The turning point came when fiction editor of the Daily Mail told her, "You're barking up the wrong tree: you must write something which is saleable, and the easiest way is to write romantic fiction."

Hibbert read 50 romance novels as research and then published her first fiction book, Daughter of Anna, in 1941.[12] It was a period novel set in Australia of the late 18th and 19th centuries. It was a moderate success and Hibbert received £30 for it. The book was published under her maiden name, Eleanor Burford, which was also used for her contemporary novels. Following the success of the book, Hibbert was contracted by Herbert Jenkins publishers to write one book a year. By 1961 Hibbert had published 32 novels under this name, including ten romance novels for Mills & Boon.

In 1945, she chose the pseudonym Jean Plaidy for her new novel Together They Ride at the request of her agent.[11] The name was inspired by Plaidy Beach near the Hibberts' home in Looe, Cornwall during World War II.[13] Her agent suggested the first name, saying "Jean doesn't take much room at the back of the book".[11] The book was published by Gerald G. Swan, a London publisher.[4] The next book written under the Jean Plaidy pseudonym was Beyond the Blue Mountains in 1948. The publisher Robert Hale accepted the 500-page manuscript after it had been rejected by several others. The firm wrote to Hibbert's literary agency, A.M. Heath, "Will you tell this author that there are glittering prizes ahead for those who can write as she does?".[14] All 90 of Hibbert's Jean Plaidy novels were published by the firm of Robert Hale, who issued them in attractive dust jackets illustrated by the specialist historical artist Philip Gough.[4]

Hibbert also wrote four non-fiction books under the pseudonym Jean Plaidy. The first, A Triptych of Poisoners (1958), was a collection of short biographies of poisoners: Cesare Borgia, Marie d'Aubray and Edward William Pritchard. The other three were a trilogy on the Spanish Inquisition: The Rise (1959), The Growth (1960) and The End (1961).

From 1950 to 1953 Hibbert wrote four novels as Elbur Ford, a pen name derived from her maiden name, Eleanor Burford. These novels were based on real-life murderers of the nineteenth century: Edward William Pritchard (Flesh and the Devil, 1950); Adelaide Bartlett (Poison in Pimlico, 1950); Euphrasie Mercier[15] (The Bed Disturbed, 1952) and Constance Kent (Such Bitter Business, 1953 - published in the U.S. in 1954 under the title Evil in the House).

Between 1952 to 1960 Hibbert used the pseudonym Kathleen Kellow to write eight novels that were mostly crime and mystery fiction. From 1956 to 1961 she wrote five novels as Ellalice Tate, a pseudonym inspired by her mother's name, Alice Tate.[16] All the Ellalice Tate books were published by Hodder & Stoughton.[4]

In 1960, at the suggestion of her agent, Patricia Schartle Myrer, she wrote her first Gothic romance, The Mistress of Mellyn, under the name Victoria Holt. The pseudonym was inspired by the military bank of Holt & Company where Hibbert had an account.[17] Published by Doubleday in the United States, The Mistress of Mellyn became an instant international bestseller and revived the Gothic romantic suspense genre.[2][14][18][19] It was serialized in the Ladies' Home Journal, chosen as a Reader's Digest condensed book and issued in a treasury volume that included other Gothic authors such as Daphne du Maurier, Phyllis A. Whitney, Evelyn Anthony, Madeleine Brent and Jessica Nelson North.[20]

"I have heard her name mentioned in connection with mine and I think it is because we both lived in Cornwall and have written about this place. Rebecca is the atmospheric suspense type of book mine are. But I don’t think there is much similarity between her others and mine."
Daphne du Maurier commenting on the similarity between Victoria Holt's novels and her own.[6]

The Mistress of Mellyn was a clever weaving of elements from earlier Gothic novels such as Jane Eyre (1847), The Woman in White (1859), and Rebecca (1938) - a young, impressionable girl meets a widower with a brooding mansion filled with the memories of his first wife who has suffered a tragic death.[21] The novel's setting in Cornwall made the resemblance to Rebecca (1938) so remarkable that it was speculated that Victoria Holt was a pseudonym for Daphne du Maurier. After six Victoria Holt novels were published over eight years, it was revealed that Hibbert was the author.[6] Hibbert wrote a further 31 novels as Victoria Holt, primarily portraying fictitious characters set against an authentic period background, usually of the late 19th century. The last Victoria Holt novel, The Black Opal, was published after her death.[14]

Hibbert wrote just one novel under the name Anna Percival, a pseudonym inspired by her husband's middle name, Percival.

She created her last pseudonym, Philippa Carr, in 1972 at the suggestion of her publisher, William Collins, to create a new series showing successive generations of English gentlewomen involved in important historical events starting with the Reformation and ending with World War II.[14]

"I prefer to do all the research myself. I have never thought it wise to employ researchers because delving into the past is not merely collecting facts, but actually absorbing the spirit of the age. I feel it is very necessary for me to capture that. It is something vague, intangible, which must be suggested; and is entirely a personal feeling that I have to discover and impart to the reader. Happily, there seems always to have been those people who hide behind the arras, secreting themselves in budoirs and peeping through the keyholes and going away to report what they’ve seen and heard."
—Eleanor Hibbert[6]

Book stacks at the Kensington Central Library, London

Hibbert continued to use the pseudonym Jean Plaidy for her historical novels about the crowned heads of Europe. Her books written under this pseudonym were popular with the general public and were also hailed by critics and historians for their historical accuracy, quality of writing, and attention to detail.[22] Her Borgia trilogy was among the first to show Lucrezia not as an amoral poisoner but as an innocent pawn and victim of her family's political machinations, an interpretation more in accordance with the historical record than the traditional one. Hibbert based her research on the writings of British historians such as John Speed, James Anthony Froude, Alexander Fraser Tytler and Agnes Strickland.[4] Her favourite historical periods were the Tudor and the Stuart.[11] The Kensington Central Library gave Hibbert special concessions to aid her research. She was allowed to go down to the vault where the out-of-circulations books were stored, and borrow them a trolley-load at a time.[7] She was even allowed to take the books home and keep them as long as she wanted.[6]

"If anybody says to me 'you look tired,' it's because I haven't been able to get at my typewriter. Writing excites me. I live all my characters and never have any trouble thinking of plots of how people would have said something because I'm them when I'm writing.
—Eleanor Hibbert[6]

Hibbert was a prolific writer, churning out multiple books in a year under different pseduonyms, chiefly Jean Plaidy, Victoria Holt and Philippa Carr.[23][24] Jean Plaidy proved very popular in the United Kingdom, selling large quantities in paperback while Victoria Holt was a besteller in the United States.

"Never regret. If it's good, it's wonderful. If it's bad, it's experience."
— -Victoria Holt, The Black Opal, 1993.

Hibbert attributed her large output to her regular working habits. She described herself as a compulsive writer and would write all seven days in the week. She started every morning at the typewriter on her desk, usually completing five thousand words by lunchtime.[12] Though writing stimulated her, she found the typewriter to be a physical strain. She devoted five hours every day to her writing, in addition to the time that it took her to proof-read her draft and conduct research. In the afternoon, she would personally answer all the fan mail she received. She would also spend time at Kensington Central Library. In the evening, she played chess if she could find an opponent or attended social engagements.[11] Even while on her annual cruise around the world, Hibbert maintained her discipline. She wrote in the mornings, played chess in the afternoons, and joined in the shipboard entertainments in the evenings. She preferred to work on her Victoria Holt novels while on board the cruise ship because they did not require as much research or fact-checking.[8]

By the time of her death in 1993, Hibbert had sold 75 million books translated in 20 languages under the name Victoria Holt, 14 million under the name Jean Plaidy and 3 million under the name Philippa Carr.[2][25]

Eleanor Burford[edit]

Single novels[edit]

  1. Daughter of Anna (1941)
  2. Passionate Witness (1941)
  3. The Married Lover (1942)
  4. When the Entire World Is Young (1943)
  5. So the Dreams Depart (1944)
  6. Not in Our Stars (1945)
  7. Dear Chance (1947)
  8. Alexa (1948)
  9. The House at Cupid's Cross (1949)
  10. Believe the Heart (1950)
  11. Saint or Sinner (1951)
  12. Bright Tomorrow (1952)
  13. Dear Delusion (1952)
  14. Leave Me My Love (1953)
  15. When We Are Married (1953)
  16. Castles in Spain (1954)
  17. Heart's Afire (1954)
  18. Two Loves in Her Life (1955)
  19. When Other Hearts (1955)
  20. Begin to Live (1956)
  21. Married in Haste (1956)
  22. To Meet a Stranger (1957)
  23. Blaze of Noon (1958)
  24. Pride in the Morning (1958)
  25. Red Sky at Night (1959)
  26. The Dawn Chorus (1959)
  27. Night of Stars (1960)
  28. Now That April's Gone (1961)
  29. Who's Calling? (1962)

Daughters of England Series[edit]

6. The Love Child (1950) (later re-published under the Philippa Carr name)

The Mary Stuart Queen of Scots Series[edit]

  • Royal Road to Fotheringhay (1955) (later re-published under the Jean Plaidy name)

Jean Plaidy[edit]

Many Jean Plaidy books were published under different titles in the United States. Her trilogies were also later republished as single books, often under different titles than those shown.

Single novels[edit]

  1. Together They Ride (1945)
  2. Beyond the Blue Mountains (1948)
  3. The Goldsmith's Wife (1950) (aka The King's Mistress)
  4. Daughter of Satan (1952)
  5. Lilith (1954)
  6. Melisande (It Began in Vauxhall Gardens) (1955)
  7. The Scarlet Cloak (1957)
  8. Milady Charlotte (1959)
  9. Evergreen Gallant (1965)
  10. Defenders of the Faith (1971)
  11. Madame du Barry (1994)
  12. The King's Adventurer (1996) (Originally This Was a Man by Ellalice Tate)


  • Katharine of Aragon (omnibus of novels 2 – 4 in The Tudor Saga)
  • Catherine De Medici (1969)
  • Charles II (omnibus of novels 2 – 4 in The Stuart Saga)
  • Isabella and Ferdinand (1970)

The Tudor Saga[edit]

  1. Uneasy Lies the Head (1982)
  2. Katharine, the Virgin Widow (1961)
  3. The Shadow of the Pomegranate (1962)
  4. The King's Secret Matter (1962)
  5. Murder Most Royal (1949)
  6. Saint Thomas' Eve (1954)
  7. The Sixth Wife (1953)
  8. The Thistle and the Rose (1963)
  9. Mary, Queen of France (1964)
  10. The Spanish Bridegroom (1954)
  11. Gay Lord Robert (1955) (republished as Lord Robert (UK) in 2007 and A Favorite of the Queen (US) in 2010)

The Catherine De Medici Trilogy[edit]

  1. Madame Serpent (1951)
  2. The Italian Woman (1952) (aka The Unholy Woman)
  3. Queen Jezebel (1953)

The Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots Series[edit]

  • Royal Road to Fotheringhay (1955) (first published as by Eleanor Burford)
  • The Captive Queen of Scots (1963)

The Stuart Saga[edit]

  1. The Murder in the Tower (1964)
  2. The Wandering Prince (1956)
  3. A Health Unto His Majesty (1956)
  4. Here Lies Our Sovereign Lord (1957)
  5. The Three Crowns (1965)
  6. The Haunted Sisters (1966)
  7. The Queen's Favourites (1966)

The French Revolution Series[edit]

  • Louis the Well Beloved (1959)
  • The Road to Compiegne (1959)
  • Flaunting, Extravagant Queen (1957)

The Lucrezia Borgia Series[edit]

  • Madonna of the Seven Hills (1958)
  • Light on Lucrezia (1958)

The Isabella and Ferdinand Trilogy[edit]

  • Castile for Isabella (1960)
  • Spain for the Sovereigns (1960)
  • Daughter of Spain (1961)

The Georgian Saga[edit]

  1. The Princess of Celle (1967)
  2. Queen in Waiting (1967)
  3. Caroline, the Queen (1968)
  4. The Prince and the Quakeress (1975)
  5. The Third George (1969)
  6. Perdita's Prince (1969)
  7. Sweet Lass of Richmond Hill (1970)
  8. Indiscretions of the Queen (1970)
  9. The Regent's Daughter (1971)
  10. Goddess of the Green Room (1971)
  11. Victoria in the Wings (1972)

The Queen Victoria Series[edit]

  1. The Captive of Kensington Palace (1972)
  2. The Queen and Lord M (1973)
  3. The Queen's Husband (1973)
  4. The Widow of Windsor (1974)

The Norman Trilogy[edit]

  • The Bastard King (1974)
  • The Lion of Justice (1975)
  • The Passionate Enemies (1976)

The Plantagenet Saga[edit]

  1. The Plantagenet Prelude (1976)
  2. The Revolt of the Eaglets (1977)
  3. The Heart of the Lion (1977)
  4. The Prince of Darkness (1978)
  5. The Battle of the Queens (1978)
  6. The Queen from Provence (1979)
  7. Edward Longshanks (1979) (republished as The Hammer of the Scots in 2008)
  8. The Follies of the King (1980)
  9. The Vow on the Heron (1980)
  10. Passage to Pontefract (1981)
  11. The Star of Lancaster (1981)
  12. Epitaph for Three Women (1981)
  13. Red Rose of Anjou (1982)
  14. The Sun in Splendour (1982)

The Queens of England Series[edit]

  1. Myself My Enemy (1983)
  2. Queen of This Realm (1984)
  3. Victoria Victorious (1985)
  4. The Lady in the Tower (1986)
  5. The Courts of Love (1987)
  6. In the Shadow of the Crown (1988)
  7. The Queen's Secret (1989)
  8. The Reluctant Queen (1990)
  9. The Pleasures of Love (1991)
  10. William's Wife (1992)
  11. Rose Without a Thorn (1993)

Children's novels[edit]

  • Meg Roper, daughter of Sir Thomas More (1961)
  • The Young Elizabeth (1961)
  • The Young Mary Queen of Scots (1962)

The Spanish Inquisition Series (non-fiction)[edit]

  • The Rise of the Spanish Inquisition (1959)
  • The Growth of the Spanish Inquisition (1960)
  • The End of the Spanish Inquisition (1961)

Historical non-fiction[edit]

  • A Triptych of Poisoners (1958)
  • Mary Queen of Scots: The Fair Devil of Scotland (1975)

Three Rivers Press editions[edit]

In the Spring of 2003 Three Rivers Press, an imprint of U.S.A. publisher Crown Publishing Group, started republishing Jean Plaidy's stories.[26][27] Three Rivers Press published some of the books with new titles which are listed here:

  • Mary, Queen of Scotland: The triumphant year (23 November 2004, ISBN 0-609-81023-5) previously published as Royal Road to Fotheringhay (1955) by Eleanor Burford.
  • The Loves of Charles II (25 October 2005, ISBN 1-4000-8248-X) is an omnibus that collects The Wandering Prince (1956), A Health Unto His Majesty (1956), and Here Lies Our Sovereign Lord (1957).
  • Loyal in Love (23 October 2007, ISBN 0-307-34616-1) previously published as Myself My Enemy (1983).
  • The Merry Monarch's Wife (22 January 2008, ISBN 0-307-34617-X) previously published as The Pleasures of Love (1991).
  • The Queen's Devotion (26 August 2008, ISBN 0-307-34618-8) previously published as William's Wife (1990).
  • To Hold the Crown (7 October 2008, ISBN 0-307-34619-6) previously published as Uneasy Lies the Head (1982).[28]
  • The King's Confidante (7 April 2009, ISBN 0-307-34620-X) previously published as Saint Thomas' Eve (1954).[28]
  • For a Queen's Love (2 March 2010, ISBN 0-307-34622-6) previously published as The Spanish Bridegroom (1954).
  • A Favorite of the Queen (2 March 2010, ISBN 0-307-34623-4) previously published as Gay Lord Robert (1955).

Elbur Ford[edit]

  • Poison in Pimlico, 1950
  • The Flesh and the Devil, 1950
  • Bed Disturbed, 1952
  • Evil in the House, 1953

Kathleen Kellow[edit]

Some of these novels were re-published under the Jean Plaidy name.

  • Danse Macabre, 1952
  • Rooms at Mrs. Oliver's, 1953
  • Lilith, 1954
  • It Began in Vauxhall Gardens, 1955
  • Call of the Blood, 1956
  • Rochester, the Mad Earl, 1957
  • Milady Charlotte, 1959
  • The World's a Stage, 1960

Ellalice Tate[edit]

All these novels were later re-published under the Jean Plaidy name.

  • Defenders of the Faith, 1956
  • The Scarlet Cloak, 1957
  • The Queen of Diamonds, 1958
  • Madame du Barry, 1959
  • This Was a Man, 1961 (re-published as The King's Adventurer by Jean Plaidy)

Anna Percival[edit]

  • The Brides of Lanlory, 1960

Victoria Holt[edit]

Single novels[edit]

  1. Mistress of Mellyn (1960)
  2. Kirkland Revels (1962)
  3. Bride of Pendorric (1963)
  4. The Legend of the Seventh Virgin (1965)
  5. Menfreya in the Morning (1966)
  6. The King of the Castle (1967)
  7. The Queen's Confession: The Story of Marie-Antoinette (1968)
  8. The Shivering Sands (1969)
  9. The Secret Woman (1970)
  10. Shadow of the Lynx (1971)
  11. On the Night of the Seventh Moon (1972)
  12. The Curse of the Kings (1973)
  13. The House of a Thousand Lanterns (1974)
  14. Lord of the Far Island (1975)
  15. The Pride of the Peacock (1976)
  16. Devil on Horseback (1977)
  17. My Enemy, the Queen (1978)
  18. Spring of the Tiger (1979)
  19. Mask of the Enchantress (1980)
  20. Judas Kiss (1981)
  21. The Demon Lover (1982)
  22. The Time of the Hunter's Moon (1983)
  23. The Landower Legacy (1984)
  24. The Road to Paradise Island (1985)
  25. Secret for a Nightingale (1986)
  26. Silk Vendetta (1987)
  27. The India Fan (1988)
  28. The Captive (1989)
  29. Snare of Serpents (1990)
  30. Daughter of Deceit (1991)
  31. Seven for a Secret (1992)
  32. The Black Opal (1993)


  • Remember, Remember: The Selected Stories of Winifred Holtby (2000)

Anthologies in collaboration[edit]

Philippa Carr[edit]

Daughters of England Series[edit]

  1. Miracle At St. Bruno's (1972)
  2. The Lion Triumphant (1973)
  3. Witch from the Sea (1975)
  4. Saraband for Two Sisters (1976)
  5. Lament for a Lost Lover (1977)
  6. The Love Child (1950) (first published under the name Eleanor Burford)
  7. The Song of the Siren (1980)
  8. The Drop of the Dice (1981)
  9. The Adulteress (1982)
  10. Zipporah's Daughter (1983)
  11. Voices in A Haunted Room (1984)
  12. The Return of the Gypsy (1985)
  13. Midsummer's Eve (1986)
  14. The Pool of Saint Branok (1987)
  15. The Changeling (1989)
  16. The Black Swan (1990)
  17. A Time for Silence (1991)
  18. The Gossamer Cord (1992)
  19. We'll Meet Again (1993)

Single novels[edit]

  1. Daughters of England (1995)


  1. ^ "RWA Awards". Romance Writers of America (RWA). Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Eleanor Hibbert, Novelist Known As Victoria Holt and Jean Plaidy". The New York Times. 21 January 1993. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  3. ^ Ami Sedghi (Feb 8, 2013). "Library lending figures: which books are most popular?". The Guardian UK. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Richard Dalby (April 1993). "All About Jean Plaidy". Book and Magazine Collector #109. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Moira Burgess (September 2004). "Reference Entry for Hibbert Eleanor Alice". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Marion Harris (1981). "Hail Victoria! Long May She Reign". Romantic Times. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d Marie Knuckey (Feb 4, 1972). "Would The Real Mrs Hibbert Please Stand?". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "It Feels Like 'Coming Home': Mrs Eleanor Hibbert. English Author Would Like To Live Amongst Us". The Sydney Morning Herald. Mar 1, 1970. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ Margaret O'Sullivan (Mar 2, 1978). "Just Like A Character From the Past". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  10. ^ Jean Plaidy (Feb 17, 2010). "Front Matter of the novel 'The Rose Without a Thorn'". Three Rivers Press. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Desert Island Discs - Castaway : Jean Plaidy". BBC Online. BBC. Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  12. ^ a b Janga (Nov 30 2012). "The Many Facets of Victoria Holt". Heroes and Heartbreakers, Macmillan. Retrieved 26 Aug 2014. 
  13. ^ "Jean Plaidy, Romance writer". The Baltimore Sun. January 21, 1993. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d Elizabeth Walter (20 January 1993). "Obituary: Jean Plaidy". The Independent. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  15. ^ "The story of Euphrasie Mercier's career: Murdering her mistress, assuming her character, and concealing the crime for nearly four years.". New York Times. April 11, 1886. Retrieved August 26, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Eleanor Hibbert; Wrote As Victoria Holt, Jean Plaidy". Associated Press (The Seattle Times). January 21, 1993. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  17. ^ Adrian Room (1 Jul 2010). "Dictionary of Pseudonyms: 13,000 Assumed Names and Their Origins, 5th ed.". McFarland. Retrieved August 26, 2014. 
  18. ^ Carolyn Cash (2007). "Eleanor Hibbert 1906-1993". Writers Voice June–July 2007 [Official Bulletin of the Fellowship of Australian Writers NSW Inc]. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  19. ^ Edwin McDowell (June 5, 1990). "Booksellers Mixed on Fall Outlook". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  20. ^ Mary Ellen Snodgrass (1 Jan 2009). Encyclopedia of Gothic Literature: Holt, Victoria (1906 - 1993). Infobase Publishing. Retrieved 26 Aug 2014. 
  21. ^ "Mistress of Mellyn by Victoria Holt — Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists". GoodReads.com. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  22. ^ "Eleanor Alice Hibbert". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  23. ^ Judith Appelbaum (January 30, 1983). "The Price Perplex". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Eleanor Hibbert; Prolific Romance Novelist". Times Wire Services (LA Times). January 22, 1993. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Eleanor Alice Burford". GoodReads. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  26. ^ Donahue, Dick (12 Nov 2001). "Love & history --- a perfect match". Publishers Weekly (248.46): 24–30. "Eight years after her death, Eleanor Hibbert (1906–1993)--aka Jean Plaidy, Victoria Halt and Philippa Carr—continues to ride a wave of historical romance popularity. Last month, Three Rivers Press inked a deal with Hibbert's agent, Elizabeth Winick of McIntosh and Otis Inc., to reissue 10 Jean Plaidy books in trade paperback. 'They're going to do a guaranteed first printing of 30,000 to 35,000,' says Winick, who in just the past few weeks has also received requests from Eastern Europe to reprint several Plaidy titles. Crown associate editor Rachel Kahan, who acquired the books, adds, 'We have gotten a lot of good feedback about the books from our reps. We're going to publish two a season, and we'll redesign the covers to give them a really elegant look.'" 
  27. ^ Dyer, Lucinda (11 Nov 2002). "To be continued: publishers and authors are finding clever new ways to connect the series dots—and significantly grow the readership". Publishers Weekly (249.45): 26–31. "As such, she's particularly excited to be republishing two of the 90 or so novels of Jean Plaidy in spring 2003: Lady in the Tower and A Rose Without a Thorn. 'Plaidy is really the godmother of the genre,' says Kahan. Ross reports that part of the impetus for bringing back the Plaidy titles came from the online historical fiction community." 
  28. ^ a b "Historical Fiction Repromotion Plan". Three Rivers Press. 2009. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 

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