Victoria Memorial, London

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This article is about the Victoria Memorial in London. For other memorials to Queen Victoria, see Victoria Memorial (disambiguation).
Victoria Memorial

The Victoria Memorial is a sculpture dedicated to Queen Victoria, sculpted by Sir Thomas Brock in London, placed at the centre of Queen's Gardens in front of Buckingham Palace.

History[edit]

The Memorial was dedicated in 1911 by George V. His first cousin, Wilhelm II of Germany, was also present at the unveiling. They were the two senior grandsons of Victoria. The sculptor was Sir Thomas Brock. It was completed with the installation of the final bronze statues in 1924. They were cast at Burton’s Foundry, Thames Ditton.

The memorial is a Grade I listed building.

It has a large statue of Queen Victoria facing north-eastwards towards The Mall. The other sides of the monument feature large allegorical marble statues of Justice (facing north-westwards toward Green Park), Truth (facing south-eastwards) and Motherhood facing Buckingham Palace. On the pinnacle is a gilded bronze statue of Victory. Immediately below Victory there are supporting figures representing Constancy (with a compass) and Courage (with a club).

At the four corners of the monument are massive bronze figures with lions, representing Peace (young lady with a palm), Progress (young man with a torch), Agriculture (woman with a sickle) and Manufacture (blacksmith with a hammer). The last two figures are inscribed "Gift of the people of New Zealand").

The whole sculptural programme has a nautical theme, much like the rest of The Mall (Admiralty Arch, for example). This can be seen in the mermaids, mermen and the hippogriff, all of which are suggestive of the United Kingdom's naval power.

On 4 June 2012, the memorial formed the centrepiece of the stage for Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee Concert.[1] It also held "Our Greatest Team Parade" on 10 September 2012.

The memorial is placed in the middle of an architectural setting of formal gardens and gates designed by architect Sir Aston Webb.

There is a similar memorial to her husband, Albert, the Prince Consort outside the Royal Albert Hall.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Paul McCartney, Shirley Bassey and Elton John to play Queen's Diamond Jubilee gig". Radio Times. 7 February 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′06.65″N 00°08′26.34″W / 51.5018472°N 0.1406500°W / 51.5018472; -0.1406500