Victoria Nuland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Victoria Nuland
Victoria Nuland State Department.jpg
Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs
Incumbent
Assumed office
18 September 2013
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Philip Gordon
Spokesperson for the United States Department of State
In office
May 31, 2011 – February 11, 2013
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Philip J. Crowley
Succeeded by Jennifer Psaki
18th United States Permanent Representative to NATO
In office
June 20, 2005 – May 2, 2008
President George W. Bush
Preceded by R. Nicholas Burns
Succeeded by Kurt Volker
Personal details
Born Victoria Jane Nuland
1961 (age 52–53)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Spouse(s) Robert Kagan
Alma mater Brown University
Profession Diplomat
Religion Judaism
Nuland meeting with Georgian defense ministry leadership, December 6, 2013
John Kerry and Victoria Nuland with Ukrainian opposition leaders Poroshenko, Yatsenyuk and Klitschko, Munich, February 1, 2014
US officials Assistant Secretary Nuland and Ambassador to Ukraine Pyatt greet Petro Poroshenko in Warsaw on 4 June 2014

Victoria Jane Nuland (born 1961) is the Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs at the United States Department of State.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Nuland is the daughter of Yale bioethics and medicine professor Sherwin B. Nuland, whose original surname was Nudelman. Victoria’s paternal grandfather was Meyer Nudelman from a family of Jewish immigrants who came to New York City from the Russian Empire.[2]

Victoria Nuland graduated from Choate Rosemary Hall in 1979 and has a B.A. from Brown University.[citation needed] Nuland has two children. Nuland’s husband is historian Robert Kagan, Council on Foreign Relations member, and co-founder of the think-tank "Project for the New American Century" (PNAC).

Career[edit]

During the Bill Clinton administration, Nuland was chief of staff to Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott before moving on to serve as deputy director for former Soviet Union affairs.

She served as the principal deputy foreign policy adviser to Vice President Dick Cheney and then as U.S. ambassador to NATO.

Nuland became special envoy for Conventional Armed Forces in Europe and then became State Department spokesperson in summer 2011.[3]

She was nominated to serve as Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs in May 2013 and sworn in to fill that role in September 2013.[4] During her confirmation hearings, she faced "sharp questions" about a memo she had sent outlining the talking points that would be used by the Obama administration in the days shortly after the 2012 Benghazi attack.[5] A former colleague said of her: "I have no doubt that when she sits down for a family dinner, she is the biggest neocon at the table."[6]

In October 2014, Nuland, in a speech on Central European countries said "In Central Europe today, I would argue, the internal threats to democracy and freedom are just as worrying. Across the region, the twin cancers of democratic backsliding and corruption are threatening the dream so many have worked for since 1989. And even as they reap the benefits of NATO and EU membership, we find leaders in the region who seem to have forgotten the values on which these institutions are based. So today I ask their leaders: How can you sleep under your NATO Article 5 blanket at night while pushing “illiberal democracy” by day; whipping up nationalism; restricting free press; or demonizing civil society! I ask the same of those who shield crooked officials from prosecution; bypass parliament when convenient; or cut dirty deals that increase their countries’ dependence on one source of energy despite their stated policy of diversification".[7]

Leaked phone conversation[edit]

On February 4, 2014, a recording of a phone call between Nuland and U.S. ambassador to Ukraine, Geoffrey Pyatt, on January 28, 2014 was published on YouTube. [8][9] A diplomatic source stated that an assistant to the deputy prime minister of Russia Dmitry Rogozin was the source of the leak, which Rogozin denied.[10][11][12]

In the recording, Nuland makes an obscene reference to the European Union.[13] After discussing Ukrainian opposition figures Nuland states that she prefers the United Nations as mediator, instead of the European Union, adding "Fuck the EU," and Pyatt responds, "Oh, exactly ...."[9][14]

According to the Washington Post,

[Nuland] was dismissively referring to slow-moving European efforts to address political paralysis and a looming fiscal crisis in Ukraine. But it was the blunt nature of her remarks, rather than U.S. diplomatic calculations, that seemed exceptional.
Nuland also assessed the political skills of Ukrainian opposition figures with unusual candor and, along with the U.S. ambassador to Ukraine, Geoffrey Pyatt, debated strategy for their cause, laying bare a deep degree of U.S. involvement in affairs that Washington officially says are Ukraine’s to resolve.
[15]

"She has been in contact with her EU counterparts, and of course has apologized," said State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki, who also acknowledged the authenticity of the recording.[15][16]

Initially, a spokeswoman for EU foreign-policy chief Catherine Ashton stated on the same day that the EU would not comment on a "leaked alleged" conversation.[13] The next day, however, Christiane Wirtz, Deputy Government Spokesperson and Deputy Head of the Press and Information Office of the German Federal Government, stated that German Chancellor Angela Merkel termed Nuland's remark "absolutely unacceptable."[17] The president of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, condemned the remark as "unacceptable."[18]

In their phone conversation, Nuland and Pyatt discussed who should be in the government after Viktor Yanukovych's ouster, with the name of Arseniy Yatseniuk (whom Nuland refers to as "Yats") coming up several times.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bureau of Public Affairs Front Office Changes". 
  2. ^ Nuland, Sherwin B. Lost in America: A Journey with My Father
  3. ^ "Victoria Nuland to be State Department spokesman". Foreign Policy. May 16, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Obama nominates Nuland for assistant secretary of state". Politico. May 23, 2013. [1].
  5. ^ "Nominee Nuland Takes Heat Over Benghazi at Hearing - Washington Wire - WSJ". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  6. ^ Dyer, Geoff (31 July 2014), "US diplomat Victoria Nuland faces questions over strategy", Financial Times, retrieved 9 October 2014 
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ Re Post (4 February 2014). "Марионетки Майдана" [The Marionettes of Maidan]. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "Ukraine crisis: Transcript of leaked Nuland-Pyatt call", BBC News, 7 February 2014, retrieved 9 October 2014 
  10. ^ a b Chiacu, Doina; Mohammed, Arshad (Feb 6, 2014). "Leaked audio reveals embarrassing U.S. exchange on Ukraine, EU". Reuters. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  11. ^ "BBC News - Victoria Nuland: Leaked phone call 'impressive tradecraft'". BBC Online. 7 February 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  12. ^ Ed Pilkington, Luke Harding and agencies (7 February 2014). "Angela Merkel: Victoria Nuland's remarks on EU are unacceptable". Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  13. ^ a b Leaked audio reveals embarrassing US exchange on Ukraine, EU, Reuters (6 February 2014)
  14. ^ Atlas, Terry; Gaouette, Nicole (February 6, 2013). "Intercepted Phone Call Shows U.S. Role in Ukraine". bloomberg.com. Retrieved February 6, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b Gearan, Anne. In recording of U.S. diplomat, blunt talk on Ukraine, Washington Post, February 6, 2014.
  16. ^ "Top US diplomat for Europe caught swearing about EU". Express Tribune. AFP. February 7, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  17. ^ Angela Merkel: Victoria Nuland's remarks on EU are unacceptable, The Guardian (7 February 2014)
  18. ^ Kauffmann, Sylvie (9 February), "Les cinq leçons du « fuck the EU ! » d'une diplomate américaine" [The five lessons of "fuck the EU" from an American diplomat], Le Monde, retrieved 9 February 2014  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
R. Nicholas Burns
U.S. Permanent Representative to NATO
2005–2008
Succeeded by
Kurt Volker
Government offices
Preceded by
Philip Gordon
Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs
18 September 2013– incumbent
Succeeded by
incumbent