Victoria Quay, Fremantle

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1894 plan for Fremantle Harbour. Notable features are Arthur Head, North Jetty at the end of Cliff Street, the original Fremantle Railway Station at the corner of Cliff and Phillimore Streets, Long Jetty, South Jetty & Bathers beach.
Historical photograph
Victoria Quay, 1904[1]
View north-east along Victoria Quay, 2013

Victoria Quay is a wharf on the south bank of the Swan River mouth in the Western Australian port city of Fremantle. It is separated from the Fremantle CBD by the railway line. Originally named South Quay, it was renamed Victoria Quay on 26 July 1901 in honour of the late Queen Victoria.[2] With North Quay it forms the Inner Harbour area of Fremantle Harbour.

Victoria Quay was added to the interim register of heritage places in 1999.

Included within its boundaries are Fremantle Passenger Terminal, Challenger Institute of Technology. Western Australia Maritime Museum and E Shed Markets. Adjacent to Victoria Quay are the historical precincts of West End and Arthur Head Reserve.[3]

History[edit]

In May 1829 Captain Charles Fremantle raised a flag on the south head of the Swan River taking formal possession in the name of His Majesty King George IV of all that part of New Holland (Australia) which is not included within the territory of New South Wales.[4] In 1843 work started on a channel through the rock bar at the mouth of the Swan River; this was followed by the construction of a river jetty at the end of Cliff Street, known as the North Jetty. In 1866 the construction of the first bridge across the Swan River created the eastern boundary of the harbour.[5]

In 1881 the railway line between Fremantle and Guildford was completed. It terminated in Fremantle at the river end of Cliff Street. Despite a number of proposals and recommendations there was only limited facilities to unload vessel in Fremantle. Many vessels were wrecked due to winter storms, so the Fremantle Chamber of Commerce campaigned for the establishment of a safe harbour in Fremantle.

In 1890 Western Australia was granted responsible government. Premier John Forrest was committed to establishing Western Australia's main harbour at Fremantle despite opposition from postal authorities in other colonies who preferred Albany. In 1891 C. Y. O'Connor, an Irish born civil engineer who had extensive experience in New Zealand, arrived in Western Australia and was appointed Engineer-in-Chief for Western Australia. In 1892 O'Connor presented two plans for building Fremantle Harbour.[5]

Construction[edit]

Initial construction started in 1892, focused on the north mole and blasting the rock bar across the river mouth. Because of its proximity to Fremantle blasting was slow. Construction of the south mole commenced in August 1894 using rock from Arthur Head and Rocky Bay. It was not until late 1896 that dredging of the blasted rock harbour began; spoil from the dredging work was used to fill the embankment for Victoria Quay. With the gold rush putting pressure on Fremantle harbour, a temporary wharf 91 metres in length was added to the south mole as well as a temporary 304-metre wharf on the north mole.

Victoria Quay was substantially finished in 1897, and effectively opened when SS Sultan berthed there on 4 May 1897.[5][6]

Sheds and offices[edit]

The sheds on the quay were named alphabetically, and modified over time. In 1995 E Shed was moved from alongside the wharf to land near the Cliff Street entrance. The building was converted into the E Shed Markets

During the 1950s, Customs and Police offices[7] were located on the border of the quay and the railway marshalling yard.[8] The structure on Victoria Quay now called the Old Police Station was known between 1906 and 1966 as the Immigration Buildings.[9]

Sheds and their lettering and numbering as of 1935, noting the Railway Goods shed and marshalling yard, both of which no longer exist

Monitoring[edit]

Fremantle Ports have 14 "harbourcams" located or focused upon Victoria Quay, with the images being broadcast via their web page.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Swan River, Fremantle, from Signal Station". Fremantle City Library Local History Collection: Photo No. 1667. John Curtin Prime Ministerial Library. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "The Departure". The Daily News. 25 July 1901. p. 3. Retrieved 18 Nov 2013. 
  3. ^ "Interim Entry – Victoria Quay". Register of Heritage Places. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  4. ^ The Western Australian Year Book No. 17, 1979. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Western Australian Office, 1979. ISSN 0083-8772. 
  5. ^ a b c "Assessment Document – Victoria Quay". Register of Heritage Places. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "The Fremantle Harbour – The SS Sultan at the South Quay". The West Australian. 5 May 1897. p. 2. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  7. ^ "A New Police Station At Fremantle.". The West Australian (Perth: National Library of Australia). 9 April 1952. p. 7. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  8. ^ Orloff, Izzy; HRRC (1924), Fremantle marshalling yard, retrieved 15 May 2013 
  9. ^ Nonja Peters (2004) The Immigration Buildings Victoria Quay 1906-1966 pp,41-52 of volume 3, 2004 of Fremantle History Society (1999), Fremantle studies : journal of the Fremantle History Society, The Society, ISSN 1443-0800 
  10. ^ "Fremantle Harbourcams". Fremantle Ports. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 

Coordinates: 32°03′00″S 115°44′46″E / 32.050°S 115.746°E / -32.050; 115.746