Las Tunas (city)

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Las Tunas
(Victoria de Las Tunas)
Municipality
Las Tunas municipality (red) within  Las Tunas Province (yellow) and Cuba
Las Tunas municipality (red) within
Las Tunas Province (yellow) and Cuba
Las Tunas (city) is located in Cuba
Las Tunas (city)
Location of Las Tunas in Cuba
Coordinates: 20°57′35″N 76°57′16″W / 20.95972°N 76.95444°W / 20.95972; -76.95444Coordinates: 20°57′35″N 76°57′16″W / 20.95972°N 76.95444°W / 20.95972; -76.95444
Country  Cuba
Province Las Tunas
Established 1759[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 891 km2 (344 sq mi)
Elevation 92 m (302 ft)
Population (2004)[3]
 • Total 171,957
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Demonym Tunero/a
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Postal code 75100-75500
Area code(s) +53 31

Las Tunas[2][4][5] is a city and municipality in central-eastern Cuba. It is the capital of the Las Tunas Province and was named Victoria de Las Tunas from 1869 to 1976.[6]

Geography[edit]

The city of Las Tunas is located in along the Carretera Central (highway), between the cities of Camagüey, Holguín and Bayamo.

In 1943 the municipality was divided into the barrios of Primero, Segundo, Antonio Machado, Arenas, Caisimú, Cauto del Paso, Cuaba, Curana, Dumañuecos, Ojo de Agua, Oriente, Palmarito, Playuelas and San José de la Plata.[1] The city is currently divided into the repartos (wards) of Primero (city centre), Segundo, La Victoria, Aguilera, Santo Domingo, Pena, La Loma, Aurora, Velázquez, Sosa, Casa Piedra, Israel Santos, Buena Vista, Alturas de Buena Vista, Propulsión, Aeropuerto and Reparto Militar.

History[edit]

The city was founded in 1796 around the Parish of San Jerónimo. In 1853, after a Royal Decree, it received the title of "city". In 1976, following the suppression of the Oriente Province and its split up, Las Tunas became the capital of the new and homonym province.

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the municipality of Las Tunas had a population of 187,438. [3] With a total area of 891 km2 (344 sq mi),[2] it has a population density of 210.4/km2 (545/sq mi).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Victoria de las Tunas, Cuba
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30.6
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21.6
(70.8)
[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Las Tunas counts a railway station on the principal Havana-Santiago de Cuba line and on a secondary line to Manatí. A planned extension of the A1 motorway, that will span the entire island, will interest the City. The local airport is the Hermanos Ameijeiras, located in the northern suburb.

Sport[edit]

The local baseball club is Las Tunas, nicknamed Leñadores (mean Lumberjacks) and its home ground is the Julio Antonio Mella Stadium. The association football club is the FC Las Tunas, and its home ground is the Ovidio Torres Stadium.

Personalities[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guije.com. "Victoria de Las Tunas" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  2. ^ a b c Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  4. ^ (Spanish) Historical site of the city of Las Tunas
  5. ^ Source: Mapa de Carreteras de Cuba (Road map of Cuba). Ediciones GEO, Havana 2011 - ISBN 959-7049-21-X
  6. ^ (Spanish) Las Tunas: origin and evoltion of the name (EcuRed)

External links[edit]