Victoria plum

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For other uses, see Victoria plum (disambiguation).
Prunus 'Victoria'
Species Prunus domestica
Cultivar 'Victoria'
Origin Britain
Blossom

The Victoria plum is a type of English plum. It has a yellow flesh with a red or mottled skin. This plum is a cultivar of the egg plum group (Prunus domestica ssp. intermedia).

The fruit shape is oval or ovate. The ground color is greenish yellow, mostly covered with a purple color. The stone does not come off completely from the flesh but the skin is easy to pull off. The flesh is quite rough, light yellow and in good development and full maturity is sweet and tasty. Maturation time is mid-to-late September (in some places). It is a good table and household fruit.

The tree is quite hardy and grows strongly but is not very large. The bloom is medium-early and self-fertile. It is rarely attacked by diseases, but the fruit is by mold. Flowers must be thinned heavily for the fruits to reach full development. The trees rarely get old due to their high fruit production.

The name "Victoria" comes from Queen Victoria (1819–1901). The variety was first discovered in a garden in Alderton, Sussex. It was introduced commercially in Sweden in 1844 by a nursery owner, Denyer, under the name of Denyer's Victoria. This strain quickly became very popular in Sweden in the late 19th century.

The Victoria plum contains the anthocyanin chrysanthemin.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The chemical constituents of Victoria plums: Chrysanthemin, acid and pectin contents. D. Dickinson and Joy H. Gawler, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Volume 7, Issue 11, November 1956, pp. 699–705 doi:10.1002/jsfa.2740071103