Victorian Legislative Assembly
|57th Victorian Parliament|
Manager of Government Business
Manager of Opposition Business
*Standing Orders Committee
|27 November 2010|
|Legislative Assembly Chamber,
Parliament House, Melbourne,
|Vic Legislative Assembly|
The Victorian Legislative Assembly is one of the two houses of the Parliament of Victoria in Australia, the other house being the Victorian Legislative Council. The Victorian Parliament sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Melbourne.
Victoria was proclaimed a Colony on 1 July 1851 separating from the Colony of New South Wales by an act of the British Parliament. The Legislative Assembly was created on 13 March 1856 with the passing of the Victorian Electoral Bill, five years after the creation of the original unicameral Legislative Council. The Assembly first met on 21 November 1856, and consisted of sixty members representing thirty-seven multi and single-member electorates. On the Federation of Australia on 1 January 1901, the Parliament of Victoria continued except that the colony was now called a state.
Membership and elections
The Legislative Assembly presently consists of 88 members, each elected in single-member electoral districts, more commonly known as electorates or seats, using preferential voting, which is the same voting system used for the federal lower house, the Australian House of Representatives. Members represent approximately the same population in each electorate.
Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for a fixed term of 4 years, with elections occurring on the last Saturday of November every 4 years. There are no limits to the number of terms for which a member may seek election.
Distribution of seats
|Party||Seats held||Percentage of Assembly|
|Australian Labor Party||
At the beginning of each new parliamentary term, the Legislative Assembly elects one of its members as a presiding officer, known as the Speaker. If the incumbent Speaker seeks a new term, then the House may re-elect him or her merely by passing a motion; otherwise, a secret ballot is held. In practice, the Speaker is usually a member of the governing party or parties, who have the majority in the House. The Speaker continues to be a member of his or her political party, but it is left to their individual discretion as to whether or not they attend party meetings. The Speaker also continues to carry out his or her ordinary electorate duties as a member of Parliament and must take part in an election campaign to be re-elected as a member of Parliament.
A Deputy Speaker is also elected by the Assembly, who supports and assists the Speaker in the execution of their duties.
The Legislative Assembly is also supported by a department of civil servants who are not elected members of Parliament and who provide procedural and administrative advice on the running of the Assembly. The head of the department is the Clerk of the Assembly. The Clerk is assisted by the Deputy Clerk, the Assistant Clerk Committees and the Assistant Clerk Procedure.
The Assembly is also assisted by the Serjeant-at-Arms, at present the positions of Assistant Clerk Procedure and Serjeant-at-Arms are filled by the same person.
2010 Victorian election
|Summary of votes by party|
Most legislation is initiated in the Legislative Assembly. The party or coalition with the most seats in the lower house is invited by the Governor to form government. The leader of that party subsequently becomes Premier of Victoria, and their senior colleagues become ministers responsible for various portfolios. As Australian political parties traditionally vote along party lines, most legislation introduced by the governing party will pass through the Legislative Assembly.
- Privileges Committee
- Standing Orders Committee
- Edward Sweetman (1920). Constitutional Development of Victoria, 1851-6. Whitcombe & Tombs Limited. p. 67. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
- "Elections". Fact Sheet G3: Elections. Parliament of Victoria.
- The Speaker
- Staff of the Legislative Assembly
- State Election 2010 interim results
- Baillieu sworn in as Premier: ABC 2 December 2010
- Daniel Andrews new Victorian Labor leader: The Australian 4 December 2010
- List of members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly
- List of Victorian state by-elections
- Parliaments of the Australian states and territories