Victorian Legislative Assembly

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Legislative Assembly
58th Victorian Parliament
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded 1856[1]
Leadership
TBC, Labor
since 2014
Deputy Speaker
TBC, Labor
since 2014
Manager of Government Business
TBC, Labor
since 2014
Manager of Opposition Business
TBC, Liberal
since 2014
Government Whip
TBC, Labor
since 2014
Opposition Whip
TBC, Liberal
since 2014
Structure
Seats 88
Victorian Legislative Assembly December 2014.png
Political groups

Government
     Labor (47)
Opposition
     Liberal (30)
     National (8)
Crossbench
     Greens (2)

     Independent (1)
Committees Standing
*Privileges Committee
*Standing Orders Committee
Elections
Last election
29 November 2014
Next election
Victorian state election, 2018
Meeting place
Legislative Assembly Chamber,
Parliament House, Melbourne,
Victoria, Australia
Website
Vic Legislative Assembly

The Victorian Legislative Assembly is the lower of the two houses of the Parliament of Victoria in Australia; the other house being the Victorian Legislative Council. Both houses sit in Parliament House in Spring Street, Melbourne.

History[edit]

Victoria was proclaimed a Colony on 1 July 1851 separating from the Colony of New South Wales by an act of the British Parliament. The Legislative Assembly was created on 13 March 1856 with the passing of the Victorian Electoral Bill,[1] five years after the creation of the original unicameral Legislative Council. The Assembly first met on 21 November 1856,[1] and consisted of sixty members representing thirty-seven multi and single-member electorates.[2] On the Federation of Australia on 1 January 1901, the Parliament of Victoria continued except that the colony was now called a state.

Membership and elections[edit]

The Legislative Assembly presently consists of 88 members, each elected in single-member electoral districts, more commonly known as electorates or seats, using preferential voting, which is the same voting system used for the federal lower house, the Australian House of Representatives. Members represent approximately the same population in each electorate.

Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for a fixed term of 4 years, with elections occurring on the last Saturday of November every 4 years. There are no limits to the number of terms for which a member may seek election.

Current membership[edit]

Distribution of seats[edit]

Legislative Assembly seat outcome of the Victorian 2010 election
Party Seats held Percentage of Seats
  Australian Labor Party
47
53.40%
Liberal/National Coalition
38
43.18%
    Liberal Party
30
34.09%
  National Party
8
9.09%
  Greens
2
2.27%
  Independent
1
1.14%
Total
88
100%

Officials[edit]

At the beginning of each new parliamentary term, the Legislative Assembly elects one of its members as a presiding officer, known as the Speaker. If the incumbent Speaker seeks a new term, then the House may re-elect him or her merely by passing a motion; otherwise, a secret ballot is held. In practice, the Speaker is usually a member of the governing party or parties, who have the majority in the House. The Speaker continues to be a member of his or her political party, but it is left to their individual discretion as to whether or not they attend party meetings. The Speaker also continues to carry out his or her ordinary electorate duties as a member of Parliament and must take part in an election campaign to be re-elected as a member of Parliament.[3]

A Deputy Speaker is also elected by the Assembly, who supports and assists the Speaker in the execution of their duties.

Non-member officials[edit]

The Legislative Assembly is also supported by a department of civil servants who are not elected members of Parliament and who provide procedural and administrative advice on the running of the Assembly. The head of the department is the Clerk of the Assembly. The Clerk is assisted by the Deputy Clerk, the Assistant Clerk Committees and the Assistant Clerk Procedure.[4]

The Assembly is also assisted by the Serjeant-at-Arms, at present the positions of Assistant Clerk Procedure and Serjeant-at-Arms are filled by the same person.[5]

2014 Victorian election[edit]

Results[edit]

Victorian state election, 29 November 2014[6][7]
Legislative Assembly
<< 20102018 >>

Enrolled voters 3,806,301
Votes cast 3,540,140 Turnout 93.01 +0.05
Informal votes 184,815 Informal 5.22 +0.26
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes  % Swing Seats Change
  Labor 1,278,322 38.10 +1.84 47 +4*
  Liberal 1,223,474 36.46 −1.57 30 −5
  Greens 385,190 11.48 +0.27 2 +2
  National 185,619 5.53 −1.21 8 −2
  Country Alliance 43,038 1.28 −0.07 0 ±0
  Family First 37,194 1.11 −1.18 0 ±0
  Christians 26,545 0.79 +0.79 0 ±0
  Rise Up Australia 20,795 0.62 +0.62 0 ±0
  Voice for the West 16,584 0.49 +0.49 0 ±0
  Sex Party 8,930 0.27 −0.28 0 ±0
  Animal Justice 7,778 0.23 +0.23 0 ±0
  Democratic Labor 2,799 0.08 −0.81 0 ±0
  Shooters and Fishers 2,622 0.08 +0.08 0 ±0
  Socialist Alliance 1,728 0.05 −0.00 0 ±0
  People Power Victoria 1,375 0.04 +0.04 0 ±0
  The Basics Rock 'n' Roll 1,043 0.03 +0.03 0 ±0
  Independent 112,289 3.35 +0.74 1 +1
Total 3,355,325     88  
Two-Party Preferred
  Labor 1,745,020 51.99 +3.57
  Liberal/National 1,611,507 48.01 −3.57
* Labor also retained four of the five Labor seats which were made notionally Liberal by the 2013 redistribution.

Procedure[edit]

Most legislation is initiated in the Legislative Assembly. The party or coalition with a majority of seats in the lower house is invited by the Governor to form government. The leader of that party subsequently becomes Premier of Victoria, and their senior colleagues become ministers responsible for various portfolios. As Australian political parties traditionally vote along party lines, most legislation introduced by the governing party will pass through the Legislative Assembly.

Committees[edit]

  • Privileges Committee
  • Standing Orders Committee

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Edward Sweetman (1920). Constitutional Development of Victoria, 1851-6. Whitcombe & Tombs Limited. p. 67. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Elections". Fact Sheet G3: Elections. Parliament of Victoria. 
  3. ^ The Speaker
  4. ^ Staff of the Legislative Assembly
  5. ^ ibid.
  6. ^ "State Election 2014 provisional results". Victorian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Live Results". ABC News. Retrieved 8 Dec 2014. 

External links[edit]