Victorin de Joncières
|Victorin de Joncières|
Victorin de Joncières
April 12, 1839|
|Died||October 26, 1903
Son of a political writer and editor of La Patrie and Constitutionel, he was born at Paris, and his first musical lessons were from aunts. Leaving the Lycée Bonaparte at 16, he decided to study to be a painter, entering the studio of Picot. However Joncières kept up his musical interest and had a short opéra comique performed by students of the Conservatoire, and was advised to abandon art and take up music. He entered the Conservatoire de Paris and followed the classes of Simon Leborne in fugue and counterpoint. However, after hearing one of Richard Wagner’s first concerts in the French capital, he had a disagreement with the professors and in 1860 abandoned his studies to devote himself to composition.
He composed some incidental music for Hamlet (performed both in Paris and Nantes) but found little success with two operas produced at the Théâtre Lyrique: Sardanapale (based on Byron, with Christine Nilsson, 1867) and Les derniers jours de Pompéi (from a novel by Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1869).
His violin concerto was played at the Conservatoire in 1870 by Jules Danbé, and a Symphonie Romantique at the Concert national in 1873. His opera Dimitri (after Schiller) had more success in 1876 and was revived in 1890 at the Opéra-Comique.
From 1871 to 1900, he wrote on music for La Liberté (using the pseudonym ‘Jennius’), penning biting criticisms of earlier opéra comique composers and of Berlioz.
- Incidental music for Hamlet, 1864
- Sardanapale (words by Henry Becque after Byron), Théâtre Lyrique, 8 February 1867
- Les derniers jours de Pompéi, Théâtre Lyrique, 21 September 1869
- Dimitri (words by de Bornier, Silvestre and Carvalho after Friedrich von Schiller), Théâtre de la Gaîté, 5 May 1876
- La reine Berthe (words by Jules Barbier), Opéra de Paris, 27 December 1878
- Le chevalier Jean, (words by Gallet and Blau), Opéra-Comique, 11 March 1885
- Lancelot, (words by Gallet and Blau), Paris Opéra, 7 February 1900
- Orchestral music
- Violin Concerto, Paris, 12 December 1869
- Symphonie romantique, Paris, 9 March 1873
- La mer, ode symphonique, 1881
- Wright LA. Victorin de Joncières. In: The New Grove Dictionary of Opera. Macmillan, London & New York, 1997.
- Fétis F-J. Biographie universelle des musiciens. Paris, 1878.
- Walsh TJ. Second Empire Opera – The Théâtre-Lyrique Paris 1851-1870. John Calder Ltd, London, 1981.
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