Victory Chimes (schooner)

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Victory Chimes
Victory Chimes.jpg
Career (United States)
Name: Edwin and Maud (1900–1954)
Victory Chimes (1954–c.1988)
Domino Effect (c.1988–1990)
Victory Chimes (1990–)
Builder: George K. Phillips Co., Bethel, Delaware; J.M.C. Moore, designer
Launched: April 1900
Homeport: Rockland, Maine
Identification: Official number 136784
General characteristics
Type: Chesapeake Ram schooner
Tonnage: 208 tons (gross), 178 tons (net)
Length: 170 ft (52 m)
Beam: 25 ft (7.6 m)
Draft: 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) (centerboard up)
18 ft (5.5 m) (centerboard down)
Propulsion: 210 hp (160 kW) Cummins diesel (2010)
Sail plan: Three masted Gaff rigged schooner
Speed: 7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph)
Complement: 9 crew members, 50 guests
Victory Chimes
Victory Chimes (schooner) is located in Maine
Victory Chimes (schooner)
Location Rockland, Maine
Coordinates 44°6′41″N 69°6′14″W / 44.11139°N 69.10389°W / 44.11139; -69.10389Coordinates: 44°6′41″N 69°6′14″W / 44.11139°N 69.10389°W / 44.11139; -69.10389
Built 1900
Architect Moore, J.M.C.
Architectural style Other
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 93000637 [1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP 24 June 1996
Designated NHL 25 September 1997[2]

The three-masted schooner Victory Chimes, also known as Edwin and Maud or Domino Effect, is a US National Historic Landmark. She is the last surviving Chesapeake Ram schooner.[3] The boat on the Maine State Quarter is meant to resemble the Victory Chimes.[4]

Construction[edit]

Victory Chimes was built at Bethel, Delaware in 1900 by George K. Phillips Co. She was named Edwin and Maud after the children of her first Captain, Robert E. Riggen.

The traditional "ram" rig was a standing jib, flying jib, staysail (also called a forestaysail), foresail, mainsail and spanker (or mizzen), which Victory Chimes carries today. The heads of the fore, main and mizzen sails are supported by gaffs and the feet are laced to booms ... The standing rigging is steel wire. Standing rigging was minimal on rams, to enable deck cargo to be stowed on uncluttered decks.[3]

She was designed to carry general cargo in the Chesapeake Bay.[5] She was built with a centerboard, and a shallow draft for work in the Bay. Her centerboard, replaced in 1965, "draws 7 feet 6 inches with the centerboard up and 18 feet with the centerboard down."[3]

Sailing career[edit]

Edwin and Maude served in the cargo trade until 1945 carrying "sawn lumber, grain, soft coal and fertilizer."[5] She was converted to carry passengers in 1946.[3]

She was renamed Victory Chimes after purchase by a syndicate in 1954, for charter in Maine. In 1984, the ship was purchased by a Minnesota banker, Jerry Jubie, "for about $1 million", who brought her to Duluth, Minnesota. She was used for educational cruises for high school students, sold at auction in 1987, and sold again by Norwest Bank in 1988 to Thomas Monaghan, the owner of Domino's Pizza. Monaghan renamed her Domino Effect.[6] He used the vessel for employee incentive cruises, and invested a considerable amount of money in restoring her with traditional methods at Sample's Shipyard in Boothbay Harbor. The ship returned to Maine in 1989, where she was purchased by Captain Kip Files and Captain Paul DeGaeta in 1990 for the passenger trade. They changed her name back to Victory Chimes. In 1997, it was reported that the vessel was operating as a traditional sailing ship, without an engine on board.[3][5]

Just as when Victory Chimes was built, the schooner does not carry an engine. Maneuvering assistance is provided by a nineteen foot wooden yawlboat which pushes against the stern. When not in use it is towed astern. The current yawl boat was built in 1991 ... to enable the vessel to compete with other vessels in the passenger schooner trade which have been modified to carry engines. The yawlboat is ... "probably a bit bigger than would have originally been used." It is powered by a 135 horsepower Ford diesel engine. Three other boats are carried on davits.[3]

As of 2010, Victory Chimes was equipped with a 210 HP Cummins diesel engine for powering a donkey thrower which retrieves the anchors.[5]

National Historic Landmark[edit]

The vessel was added to the National Historic Register as a National Historic Landmark in 1997.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Victory Chimes (schooner)". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Dean, Nicholas (27 January 1997). Foster, Kevin J., ed. "National Historic Landmark Nomination / Victory Chimes (schooner)" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-09-23. 
    "Accompanying Photos" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-09-23. 
  4. ^ "50 State Quarters Program". [dead link]
  5. ^ a b c d "Yacht for Sale: 172′ 1900 Schooner VICTORY CHIMES – Superyachts News, Luxury Yachts, Charter & Yachts for Sale.". Retrieved 2012-09-23. 
  6. ^ Krueger, Andrew (5 August 2010). "Victory Chimes, 1986". News Tribune Attic (Duluth, Minnesota). Retrieved 2012-09-24. 

External links[edit]