Victory Gardens, New Jersey

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Victory Gardens, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Victory Gardens
Victory Gardens highlighted in Morris County. Inset map: Morris County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Victory Gardens highlighted in Morris County. Inset map: Morris County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Victory Gardens, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Victory Gardens, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°52′34″N 74°32′37″W / 40.876145°N 74.543502°W / 40.876145; -74.543502Coordinates: 40°52′34″N 74°32′37″W / 40.876145°N 74.543502°W / 40.876145; -74.543502[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Morris
Incorporated September 18, 1951
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor David Holeman (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Deborah Evans[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.146 sq mi (0.378 km2)
 • Land 0.146 sq mi (0.378 km2)
 • Water 0.000 sq mi (0.000 km2)  0.00%
Area rank 563rd of 566 in state
39th of 39 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 646 ft (197 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 1,520
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 1,531
 • Rank 513th of 566 in state
39th of 39 in county[11]
 • Density 10,419.2/sq mi (4,022.9/km2)
 • Density rank 35th of 566 in state
1st of 39 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07801 - Dover[12]
Area code(s) 862/973 and 908[13]
FIPS code 3402775890[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0885427[16][2]
Website None

Victory Gardens is a borough in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,520,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 26 (-1.7%) from the 1,546 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 232 (+17.7%) from the 1,314 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

Victory Gardens is Morris County's smallest municipality, measured both by size and population, and its most densely populated.[18]

History[edit]

The origins of the borough began in 1941, when the federal government acquired 91 acres (370,000 m2) in Randolph Township as the site of a 300-unit housing project for war industry employees. The borough was named for the victory gardens planted at private residences during World War II. The federal government paid for all infrastructure. Streets are named for U.S. Presidents.[19]

Randolph Township residents approved a referendum as part of a September 1951 special election in which voters were asked if the township's Victory Gardens neighborhood should be removed from the township and created as an independent municipality for its 1,300 residents covering 92 acres (37 ha).[20] Residents of other areas of Randolph Township argued that the compensation paid by the federal government for the more than 250 students attending the Randolph Township Schools did not adequately cover the cost of their public education, that the housing and other structures in Victory Gardens was out of compliance with the Township's building and zoning ordinances and that the overwhelming Democratic Party political leanings of residents of Victory Gardens were out of sync with the largely Republican Party township.[21]

Victory Gardens was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on June 20, 1951, from portions of Randolph Township, based on the results of the referendum passed on September 18, 1951.[22]

A project approved in 1973 brought the construction of 184 units of garden apartments on a site covering 12.4 acres (5.0 ha), providing additional rateables and offering permanent housing for an estimated 400 people, that would contrast with the temporary original structures built in the 1940s that had long passed their expected lifespan.[23]

Geography[edit]

Victory Gardens is located at 40°52′34″N 74°32′37″W / 40.876145°N 74.543502°W / 40.876145; -74.543502 (40.876145,-74.543502). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.146 square miles (0.378 km2), all of which is land.[2][1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 1,085
1970 1,027 −5.3%
1980 1,043 1.6%
1990 1,314 26.0%
2000 1,546 17.7%
2010 1,649 6.7%
Est. 2012 1,531 [10] −7.2%
Population sources:1960-1990[24]
2000[25][26] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,520 people, 533 households, and 398.2 families residing in the borough. The population density was 10,419.2 per square mile (4,022.9 /km2). There were 566 housing units at an average density of 3,879.8 per square mile (1,498.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 58.49% (889) White, 16.25% (247) Black or African American, 0.66% (10) Native American, 2.43% (37) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 17.43% (265) from other races, and 4.74% (72) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 62.96% (957) of the population.[7]

There were 533 households, of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 21.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.16.[7]

In the borough, 26.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.3 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $53,269 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,599) and the median family income was $52,500 (+/- $6,885). Males had a median income of $34,063 (+/- $5,135) versus $33,750 (+/- $9,755) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,340 (+/- $1,640). About 11.9% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.6% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 1,546 people, 564 households, and 381 families residing in the borough. The population density was 10,582.6 people per square mile (3,979.4/km2). There were 588 housing units at an average density of 4,025.0 per square mile (1,513.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 51.36% White, 21.41% African American, 0.06% Native American, 5.43% Asian, 15.27% from other races, and 6.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 50.65% of the population.[25][26]

15.27% of Victory Gardens residents identified themselves as being of Colombian ancestry in the 2000 Census, the highest percentage of the population of any municipality in the United States.[28]

There were 564 households out of which 39.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.21.[25][26]

In the borough the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 39.3% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the borough was $44,375, and the median income for a family was $43,594. Males had a median income of $32,841 versus $24,875 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,616. About 8.9% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.[25][26]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Victory Gardens is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Victory Gardens is David Holeman, Jr. (D, term in office ends December 31, 2016). Members of the Borough Council are Joan E, Cegelka (D, 2014; serving an unexpired term), Vera Cheatham (D, 2013), Ondria Garcia-Montes (D, 2015), Sonia Hall (D, 2013), Veronica Hedgepath (D, 2015) and Ismael Lorenzo (D, 2014).[4] Joan Cegelka won election in November 2013 to serve the balance of the term expiring in 2014 that had been held by David Holeman before he took office as mayor, with Vera Cheatham winning re-election to a full three-year term and Independent Hector Lorenzo Jr. knocking off incumbent Sonia Hall for terms starting January 1, 2014.[29]

In December 2010, Councilmember Ondria Garcia-Montes was placed on probation for 12 months after an incident in which she falsely told police that a criminal suspect that was the subject of a search warrant for was not in her apartment.[30]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Victory Gardens is located in the 11th Congressional District[31] and is part of New Jersey's 25th state legislative district.[8][32][33]

New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township).[34] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[35][36] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[37][38]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 25th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Anthony Bucco (R, Boonton Town) and in the General Assembly by Tony Bucco (R, Boonton Township) and Michael Patrick Carroll (R, Morris Township).[39][40] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[41] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[42]

Morris County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. The Freeholder Board sets policies for the operation of six super-departments, more than 30 divisions plus authorities, commissions, boards and study committees.[43] Actual day-to-day operation of departments is supervised by County Administrator, John Bonanni.[44] As of 2014, Morris County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas Mastrangelo (Montville, term ends December 31, 2016),[45] Deputy Freeholder Director David Scapicchio (Mount Olive Township, 2015),[46] Douglas Cabana (Boonton Township, 2016),[47] John Cesaro (Parsippany-Troy Hills Township, 2015),[48] Kathryn A. DeFillippo (Roxbury Township, 2016),[49] John Krickus (Washington Township, 2015)[50] and William "Hank" Lyon (Montville, 2014).[51][44][52] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Ann F. Grossi (Parsippany-Troy Hills Township, 2018),[53] Sheriff Edward V. Rochford (Morris Plains, 2016)[54] and Surrogate John Pecoraro (Mendham Borough, 2014).[44][55]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 523 registered voters in Victory Gardens, of which 234 (44.7%) were registered as Democrats, 58 (11.1%) were registered as Republicans and 231 (44.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[56]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 77.4% of the vote here (302 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 21.0% (82 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (2 votes), among the 390 ballots cast by the borough's 575 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.8%.[57] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 63.7% of the vote here (209 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 32.9% (108 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (2 votes), among the 328 ballots cast by the borough's 515 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 63.7.[58]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 58.4% of the vote here (118 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 27.2% (55 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.4% (17 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (1 votes), among the 202 ballots cast by the borough's 544 registered voters, yielding a 37.1% turnout.[59]

Education[edit]

Victory Gardens is a non-operating school district.[60] with all public school students in grades K - 12 in Victory Gardens attending the schools of the Dover School District in Dover, which has been consolidated between the two municipalities since 2010.[60][61][62] Schools in the Dover district (with 2010-11 enrollment from the National Center for Education Statistics[63]) are Academy Street Elementary School[64] (grades K-6, 511 students), East Dover Elementary School[65] (K-6, 439), North Dover Elementary School[66] (PreK-6, 675), Dover Middle School[67] (7-8, 475) and Dover High School[68] (9-12, 868).[69][70] Students in grades 7-12 from Mine Hill Township also participate in the Dover district as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[71]

Transportation[edit]

The borough had a total of 2.89 miles (4.65 km) of roadways, of which 2.78 miles (4.47 km) are maintained by the municipality and 0.11 miles (0.18 km) by Morris County.[72]

County Route 665 (South Salem Street) runs through the northwest corner of the borough, connecting Randolph on both sides.[73]

New Jersey Transit offers local bus service on the MCM2 and MCM7 routes.[74]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Borough of Victory Gardens, p. 61. Morris County Manual 2012. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 116.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Victory Gardens, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Victory Gardens borough, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 19, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 12. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Victory Gardens borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 19, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Victory Gardens, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 19, 2012.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Victory Gardens, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  14. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed November 26, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 19, 2012.
  18. ^ GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 19, 2012.
  19. ^ Victory Gardens profile, Morris County, New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 28, 2007. Accessed August 29, 2011.
  20. ^ Staff. "COMMUNITY SEPARATES; Federal Housing Project Is Split From Jersey Township", The New York Times, September 19, 1951. Accessed November 10, 2013. "Randolph Township voters decided tonight by a margin of twenty-four ballots to discontinue a Federal housing development as part of the township."
  21. ^ "TOWNSHIP TO VOTE ON EXCLUDING AREA; Randolph, N.J., to Decide by Ballot Tomorrow Fate of Victory Gardens Section", The New York Times, September 17, 1951. Accessed November 10, 2013. "Citizens in near-by Randolph Township will ballot Tuesday to decide whether the Victory Gardens section should be excluded from the township and ordered to form a municipality of its own."
  22. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 197. Accessed July 19, 2012.
  23. ^ Staff. "Victory Gardens Expanding", The New York Times, March 11, 1973. Accessed November 10, 2013. "VICTORY GARDENS-This tiny community, which faces an uncertain future, is engaged in its biggest expansion ever, the development of Carmel Gardens, a 184-unit garden-apartment complex on 12.4 acres of land."
  24. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed July 19, 2012.
  25. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Victory Gardens borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 19, 2012.
  26. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Victory Gardens borough, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 19, 2012.
  27. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Victory Gardens borough, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  28. ^ Colombian Communities, EPodunk. Accessed August 23, 2006.
  29. ^ Staff. "Morris County election results 2013: Local, county, school races", The Star-Ledger, November 5, 2013. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  30. ^ Horowitz, Ben. "N.J. councilwoman is placed on probation, pre-trial program for allegedly hiding suspect", The Star-Ledger, December 15, 2010. Accessed August 29, 2011.
  31. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  32. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 65, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  33. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  35. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  36. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  37. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  38. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  39. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  40. ^ District 25 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  41. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  42. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  43. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  44. ^ a b c Morris County Manual 2014, Morris County Clerk. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  45. ^ Thomas J. Mastrangelo, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  46. ^ David Scapicchio, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  47. ^ Douglas R. Cabana, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  48. ^ John Cesaro, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  49. ^ Kathryn A. DeFillippo, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  50. ^ John Krickus, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  51. ^ William "Hank" Lyon, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  52. ^ Meet the Freeholders, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  53. ^ Ann F. Grossi, Esq., Office of the Morris County Clerk. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  54. ^ About Us: Sheriff Edward V. Rochford, Morris County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  55. ^ What is a Surrogate?, Morris County Surrogate Court. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  56. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Morris, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  57. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Morris County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  58. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Morris County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  59. ^ 2009 Governor: Morris County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  60. ^ a b 13 Non-Operating School Districts Eliminated, New Jersey Department of Education press release dated July 1, 2009. Accessed December 26, 2009.
  61. ^ Martin, Liz. "Voters have their say on the budgets", Neighbor News, April 28, 2010. Accessed December 18, 2012. "The school board goes from 11 members to 10 after this election as the temporary Board seat assigned to the Victory Gardens representative Danielle Press expired permanently on April 20. Now that Victory Gardens has merged with the Dover school district, there will no longer be a dedicated Victory Gardens seat on the Board. Any resident from either Dover or Victory Gardens will be eligible to run for any available Board seat."
  62. ^ "Victory Gardens", Daily Record (Morristown). Accessed April 4, 2011. "Students in grades K-12 attend Dover public schools."
  63. ^ School Data for the Dover School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  64. ^ Academy Street Elementary School, Dover School District. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  65. ^ East Dover Elementary School, Dover School District. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  66. ^ North Dover Elementary School, Dover School District. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  67. ^ Dover Middle School, Dover School District. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  68. ^ Dover High School, Dover School District. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  69. ^ Schools Listing, Dover School District. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  70. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Dover School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 31, 2013.
  71. ^ Dover High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 31, 2013. "Dover High School, located 40 miles from New York City, services approximately 850 high school students from the Town of Dover, the Borough of Victory Gardens, and the Township of Mine Hill."
  72. ^ Morris County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  73. ^ Morris County Route 665 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2000. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  74. ^ Morris County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed December 23, 2012.

External links[edit]