Vidhan Sabha

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The Vidhan Sabha (Hindi: विधान सभा) or the 'Legislative Assembly' is the lower house (in states with bicameral) or the sole house (in unicameral states) of the provincial (state) legislature in the different states of India. The same name is also used for the lower house of the legislatures for two of the union territories, Delhi and Puducherry. The upper house in the six states with a bicameral legislature is called the Legislative Council, or Vidhan Parishad. Members of a Vidhan Sabha are direct representatives of the people of the particular state as they are directly elected by an electorate consisting of all citizens above the age of 18 of that state. Its maximum size as outlined in the Constitution of India is not more than 500 members and not less than 60 members. However, the size of the Vidhan sabha[1] can be less than 60 members through an Act of Parliament, such is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim and Mizoram. The Governor can appoint 1 member to represent minorities, e.g. the Anglo-Indian community, if he finds that minority to not be adequately represented in the House.

Each Vidhan Sabha is formed for a five-year term after which all seats are up for election. During a State of Emergency, its term may be extended past five years or it may be dissolved. The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years. But it may be dissolved even earlier than five years by the Governor on the request of Chief Minister. The term of the Legislative Assembly may be extended during an Emergency, but not more than six months at a time.It can also be dissolved if a motion of no confidence is passed within it against the majority party or coalition.

Qualifications required to become a member[edit]

To become a member of a Vidhan Sabha, a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age. He should be mentally sound and should not be bankrupt. He should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him. Speaker of Vidhan Sabha who is responsible for the conduct of business of the body, and also a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speaker's absence. The Speaker acts as a neutral judge and manages all debates and discussions in the house. Usually he is a member of the stronger political party

A Vidhan Sabha holds equal legislative power with the lower house of state legislature, the Vidhan Parishad ('Legislative Council'), except in the area of money bills in which case the Vidhan Sabha has the ultimate authority.In case of conflict regarding ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months (3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).

Special powers of the Vidhan Sabha[edit]

A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the Vidhan Sabha. If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign.

A money bill can only be introduced in Vidhan Sabha. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the Vidhan Sabha, it is sent to the Vidhan Parishad, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days. Unless a by the Finance Minister of the state in the name of the Governor of that state.

In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months (3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).

List of Vidhan Sabhas[edit]

Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) List of constituencies Location/State Capital
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Hyderabad
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Itanagar
Assam Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Assam Legislative Assembly Dispur
Bihar Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Bihar Legislative Assembly Patna
Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly Raipur
Delhi Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Delhi Legislative Assembly Delhi
Goa Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Goa Legislative Assembly Panaji
Gujarat Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Gujarat Legislative Assembly Gandhinagar
Haryana Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Haryana Legislative Assembly Chandigarh
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Shimla
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly Srinagar
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Jharkhand Legislative Assembly Ranchi
Karnataka Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Karnataka Legislative Assembly Bengaluru
Kerala Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Kerala Legislative Assembly Thiruvananthapuram
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Bhopal
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Maharashtra Legislative Assembly Mumbai
Manipur Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Manipur Legislative Assembly Imphal
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Meghalaya Legislative Assembly Shillong
Mizoram Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Mizoram Legislative Assembly Aizawl
Nagaland Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Nagaland Legislative Assembly Kohima
Odisha Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Odisha Legislative Assembly Bhubaneshwar
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Rajasthan Legislative Assembly Jaipur
Sikkim Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Sikkim Legislative Assembly Gangtok
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Chennai
Tripura Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Tripura Legislative Assembly Agartala
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Lucknow
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly Dehradun
West Bengal Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of West Bengal Legislative Assembly Kolkata

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ vidhan sabha can hold less than 60 members

External links[edit]