|Focus||Urban, Villages, Tribal and indigenous communities of India|
The Vidya Bharati is the network of schools and institutions of higher education run by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the main nationalist organisation in India. It has started around 20,000 schools serving 2.4 million children in the country.
The child is the centre of all our aspirations. He is the protector of our country, Dharma (Religion) and culture. The development of our culture and civilization is implicit in the development of the child's personality. A child today holds the key for tomorrow. To relate the child with his land and his ancestors is the direct, clear and unambiguous mandate for education. We have to achieve the all round development of the child through education and sanskar i.e. inculcation of time honored values and traditions.
First Saraswati Shishu Mandir :
This was the dream which, in 1952 inspired some RSS workers to take up education of children as a mission of their life. The people engaged in this noble task of nation building through proper education of younger generation, laid the foundation of the first school at Gorakhpur in a building rented at a monthly rent of five rupees. After due consideration, they named their school as Saraswati Shishu Mandir-Temple of the Goddess Saraswati dedicated to the children. Thanks to their zeal, dedication and hard work that such like schools began to be established at other places also. Prior to the Gita school which was started at Kurukshetra in 1946. The foundation stone of this school was laid by Shri M.S. Golwalker- revered Shri Guru Ji. The number of such schools increased rapidly in Uttar Pradesh. A state level Shishu Shiksha Prabandh Samiti was formed in 1958 for their proper guidance and planned development. Good education & sound sanskars at the Saraswati Shishu Mandirs earned for them due recognition, honour and popularity in the society. They spread in the other states also. Consequently Within a few years many schools had been established in Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar & other states. People began to send their children to these schools in preference to Christian convent-schools and over so- called public schools. In Saraswati Shishu Mandirs the children could learn about their Hindu culture. State level committees were set up in other states also as the number of schools began to increase there. Punjab and Chandigarh had a Sarvhitkari Shiksha Samiti while Haryana had Hindu Shiksha Samiti. The formation of all India body came in 1977 as a natural corollary of this process. Thus Vidya Bharati was established with its Registered office at Lucknow & functional headquarters in Delhi. All state level committees were affiliated to this Vidya Bharati Akhil Bharatiya Shiksha Sansthan.
Vidya Bharati the greatest non-Govt. Educational Organisation :
Except Lakshdeep and Mizoram in the whole of the country, there are more than fifty state and Regional Committees affiliated to Vidya Bharati. This nationwide Endeavour of Vidya Bharati for the spread of education through network of educational institutions needs financial support them the society to make them viable, so as to impart education and environment for all round development of Children i.e. physical culture mental, emotional and spiritual development. Vidya Bharati institutions function under a variety of names like Shishu Vatika, Shishu Mandir, Vidya Mandir Saraswati Vidyalaya, Higher Secondary Schools, Training Centers and Research Institutions. These are located in towns and villages, tribal belts and hilly terrains and even in slum localities. The number of schools, students and teachers is continuously increasing. Consequently, contact with parents and the Hindu society at large is also growing and is progressively influencing every section of the Hindu society. Vidya Bharati is today the largest voluntary educational organization in the country. Basis of Vidya Bharati Educational Renaissance-Hindu Philosophy of Life. Vidya Bharati is of firm opinion that education will be useful for a person and nation at large which has its roots in Hindutuva. So it is crystal clear that revival of Hindu Philosophy is the be-all and end-all of our educational Renaissance. The aim of education and the basic concepts of the development of the personality of the child are based on this philosophy.
Philosophy, Aim and Objectives
Bharatiya Psychology- the basis of Educational Training Psychological needs of the child should form the very basis of educational Training. Even after fifty years of independence the prevalent system of education in India has its roots in Western way of fulfillment of life, But according of Hindu Philosophy, the all-round development of the personality of the child is not possible without spiritual development. The Western philosophy based on the concepts of Darvin & Trevd can't impart fullness to life. That is why Vidya Bharati has laid maximum emphasis upon Bharatiya psychology and made it the very basis of her system of education baptized as 'Saraswati Panchapadiya Shiksha Vidhi' These five steps are : 1. Adhiti, 2. Bodh, 3. Abhiyas, 4. Prayog, 5. Prasar-swadhyay and Pravachan and the philosophy of all round development of child is based on unfoldmans of five koshas i.e. Annamaya Kosha, Pranmaya Kosha, Manomaya Kosha, Jyannamaya Kosha & Ananamaya Kosha as envisaged in our upanishidie philosophy. This philosophy has gained public esteem & appraisal in form of 'Saraswati Shishu Mandir' education system at primary stage and Vidya Mandir system of education at secondary & senior secondary level, education system at pre-primary stage. Philosophical thoughts • The ultimate reality of this universe is God by whatever other names it may be called. God is eternal, omnipresent, omnipotent and omniscient. God cannot be seen but can very well be realized. We should have faith in the greatness of God and seek his grace. • Nature is bountiful and benevolent. Man has to be respectful and grateful to nature. There is a balance of various elements in the environment of nature. It is in the interest of man to utilize the natural resources in such a way that this balance is not significantly disturbed. • Man is not body alone. Apart from the physical levels, man has four other levels of existence known as Koshas. In modern terminology, they may be called five systems namely the body system, the energy system, the desire system, the thought system and the self-system. It is the primary duty of man that he sincerely tries towards optimum and balanced development of all his five systems or koshas. • Man should exercise moderation in daily life and should exercise control on his five organs of knowledge and five organs of action through the practice of Yoga. This will also ensure control on mind and sharpening of intellect resulting in optimum and balanced development of all aspects of his personality. • Performance of one's socially prescribed duties without pride or prejudice; attachment or revulsion but with intelligence and dedication is the highest Dharma of an individual. What these duties are is to be determined by the state, the society and the individual himself. • The divinity in man must be accepted and respected by the State and the society and they should ensure his autonomy in personal matters subject to the performance of socially prescribed duties by him. • The life style and life activities of an individual should be inspired by a sincere desire to help and serve others. • An individual must respect and obey the State which provides him peace and security of life and man should fulfill his obligations towards the society.
Some salient features of The Indian national Ethos 1. Integral approach to life 2. Blending of materialism and spirituality 3. Recognition of divinity in every form of life. 4. Attitude of respect and reverence to elders. 5. Love of Nature 6. Freedom of belief and worship 7. Respect to women, cow and ganga.
Example is more important... Sri Aurbindo "Then only will India awake, when hundreds of large hearted men and women, giving up all desires of enjoying the luxuries of life, will long and exert themselves to their utmost, for the well being of the millions of their countrymen." - Swami Vivekananda AIM & OBJECTIVE To develop a National System of Education which would help to build a generation of youngmen and women that is • committed to Hindutva and infused with patriotic fervor, • fully developed physically, vitally, mentally and spiritually, • capable of successfully facing challenges of day-to-day life-situations. • dedicated to the service of our those brothers and sisters who live in villages, forests, caves and slums and are deprived and destitute, so that they are liberated from the shackles of social evils and injustice, and • thus devoted, may contribute to building up a harmonious, prosperous and culturally rich Nation.
Over 76% of Indian people live in more than 7 lakh villages; 3 crore in slum colonies and under-privilege localities and 5 crore in jungles and hilly terrains in clusters of small villages. After Six decades of independence, the economic social condition of the vast population of the country has not altered much for want of proper educational facilities and other development measures to be made available there. Political Independence has dawned but there is educational social & economic darkness there with the result that there is continuous exodus of villagers towards cities. Vidya Bharati has given first priority to lit the lamps of literacy & start other projects of economic & social upliftment of the ignored & neglected more than three-fourth of the population of this sub-continent. There are 6219 schools functioning in villages; 583 in under-privileged localities & 830 in tribal areas. During the Six decades of post-independence, Vidya Bharati is the first to reach these unreached remote areas. Besides teaching 3 Rs', special projects have been started aiming at promoting economic self- reliance, Sanskriti Jyanna, Health & hygiene, social awareness, commitment & love for the mother land. Sagar district in Madhya Pradesh, Pilakhuwa in Ghaziabad and Dhammor in Sultanpur district of U.P. have been taken as Models for starting pilot projects for rural schools. Curriculum & scheme of studies of such schools are also different as compared to those in the rest of the country. Scheme of studies for rural Schools-Many Vocational courses have been introduced beside the formal academic courses in these rural schools. The greatest menace of tribal areas is the exploitation of poor natives of forests by the Christian Missionaries. In the guise of providing education and health services, they have been bartering economic & social facilities for conversion to Christianity. Instead of blaming the Christian Missionaries Vidya Bharati has extended its educational programmes to these Vanvasi areas. The effort is to foster national unity, respect for all religions & Faiths, patriotism & pride in Bharatiya Dharma & Sanskriti through the medium of education.
Statistics Formal Education
Statistics Formal Education
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