Vieil-Hesdin

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Vieil-Hesdin
Vieil-Hesdin is located in France
Vieil-Hesdin
Vieil-Hesdin
Coordinates: 50°21′30″N 2°05′59″E / 50.3583°N 2.0997°E / 50.3583; 2.0997Coordinates: 50°21′30″N 2°05′59″E / 50.3583°N 2.0997°E / 50.3583; 2.0997
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Montreuil
Canton Le Parcq
Intercommunality Canche Ternoise
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Maurice Decoster
Area
 • Land1 9.82 km2 (3.79 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 382
 • Population2 density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62850 / 62770
Elevation 31–125 m (102–410 ft)
(avg. 37 m or 121 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vieil-Hesdin (Eng: Old-Hesdin) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

Geography[edit]

Vieil-Hesdin is situated 6 kilometres southeast of Hesdin, on the banks of the river Canche on the D340 highway.

History[edit]

Once just simply known as Hesdin, this little village was, in the Middle Ages, a large and prosperous town. Its position in the heart of the county of Artois, once part of the Spanish Netherlands, led to its downfall. From 1471 until its destruction in 1553, it suffered many sieges and sackings, as a result of fighting between the Kings of France, the Holy Roman Empire, Henry VIII of England and several French nobles.

The end of Hesdin, as it was then known, was at the hands of Charles V. His 60,000 strong army had already ravaged Metz and razed Thérouanne in April 1553 and he ordered the city and the castle completely destroy. A month later, the wreckers had finished their work. Only the convent and chapel were spared. Some months later, the demolition material was used to found a new city 6 kilometres downstream, at a village then called Maisnil. This new town took the name Hesdin-fert, then Hesdin-fort, eventually becoming Hesdin. The ruined town was known for a while as Hesdin-le-Châtel, then eventually as Vieil-Hesdin (Old-Hesdin).

Population[edit]

Historical population of Vieil-Hesdin
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 338 338 371 362 364 364 382
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Places and monuments[edit]

  • Chateau Estruval. A former convent of the Black Nuns. The façade, roof and cloisters are protected by decree of July 9, 1981. The garden walls and buildings (including two pigeon houses) are also protected by decree of April 28, 1993.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]