|Born||13 May 1765
Porto, Kingdom of Portugal
|Died||2 May 1805 (aged 39)
Funchal, Madeira, Kingdom of Portugal
Francisco Vieira (Porto, 13 May 1765 – Funchal, 2 May 1805), who choose the artistic name of Vieira Portuense, was a Portuguese painter, one of the introducers of Neoclassicism in Portuguese painting. He was, in the neoclassical style, one of the two great Portuguese painters of his generation, with Domingos Sequeira.
He first studied in Lisbon, later moving to Rome. He traveled through Italy, Germany, Austria and England, before returning to Portugal, in 1800. He met Swiss painter Angelica Kauffman, from whom he seems to have received influences. He seems to anticipate some motives of the romantic painting in several of his historical paintings, like "Dona Filipa de Vilhena knighting her sons" (1801).
Not to be confused with another Portuguese painter, Francisco Vieira de Matos, better known as Vieira Lusitano.
- José-Augusto França, A Arte em Portugal no Século XIX, Lisboa, Bertrand Editora, 1991, volume 1.