Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of Treaties

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Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of Treaties
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  Parties
  Signatories
  Non-parties
Signed August 22, 1978
Location Vienna
Effective November 6, 1996
Condition 15 ratifications
Parties 22: Bosnia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Dominica, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Liberia, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, Macedonia, Tunisia, and Ukraine[1]
Depositary Secretary-General of the United Nations
Languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish
Wikisource
States succession in respect of treaties (1978)

The Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of Treaties is an international treaty opened for signature in 1978 to set rules on succession of states. It was adopted partly in response to the "profound transformation of the international community brought about by the decolonization process". It entered into force on 6 November 1996, which was triggered by the succession of the Republic of Macedonia to the treaty giving it the requisite 15 parties.[1]

The treaty has proven to be controversial largely because it distinguishes between "newly independent states" (a euphemism for former colonies) and "cases of separation of parts of a state" (a euphemism for all other new states).

Article 16 states that newly independent states receive a "clean slate", such that the new state does not inherit the treaty obligations of the colonial power, whereas article 34(1) states that all other new states remain bound by the treaty obligations of the state from which they separated. Moreover, article 17 states that newly independent states may join multilateral treaties to which their former colonizers were a party without the consent of the other parties in most circumstances, whereas article 9 states that all other new states may only join multilateral treaties to which their predecessor states were a part with the consent of the other parties.

Parties to the convention[edit]

As of February 2015, there are 22 state parties which have ratified the convention. A further 15 states signed the convention but have not ratified it.[1]

List of parties[edit]

State[1] Signed Deposited Method
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Jul 22, 1993 Succession from  Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
 Croatia Oct 22, 1992 Succession from  Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
 Cyprus Mar 12, 2004 Accession
 Czech Republic Feb 22, 1993 Jul 26, 1999 Ratification
Succession to the signature of  Czechoslovakia
 Dominica Jun 24, 1988 Accession
 Ecuador Jul 25, 2006 Accession
 Egypt Jul 17, 1986 Accession
 Estonia Oct 21, 1991 Accession
 Ethiopia Aug 23, 1978 May 28, 1980 Ratification
 Iraq May 23, 1979 Dec 5, 1979 Ratification
 Liberia Sep 16, 2005 Accession
 Macedonia Oct 7, 1996 Succession from  Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
 Moldova Feb 9, 2009 Accession
 Montenegro Oct 23, 2006 Succession from  Serbia and Montenegro
 Morocco Mar 31, 1983 Accession
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Apr 27, 1999 Accession
 Serbia Mar 12, 2001 Succession as  Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from  Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
 Seychelles Feb 22, 1980 Accession
 Slovakia May 28, 1993 Apr 24, 1995 Ratification
Succession to the signature of  Czechoslovakia
 Slovenia Jul 6, 1992 Succession from  Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
 Tunisia Sep 16, 1981 Accession
 Ukraine Oct 26, 1992 Accession

List of signatory states[edit]

State[1] Signed
 Angola Aug 23, 1978
 Brazil Aug 23, 1978
 Chile Aug 23, 1978
 Côte d'Ivoire Aug 23, 1978
 DR Congo Aug 23, 1978
 Holy See Aug 23, 1978
 Madagascar Aug 23, 1978
 Niger Aug 23, 1978
 Pakistan Jan 10, 1979
 Paraguay Aug 31, 1979
 Peru Aug 30, 1978
 Poland Aug 16, 1979
 Senegal Aug 23, 1978
 Sudan Aug 23, 1978
 Uruguay Aug 23, 1978

See also[edit]

References[edit]