Vienna International Airport

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Vienna International Airport
Flughafen Wien-Schwechat
Vienna International Airport Logo.svg
2011-06-14 10-23-56 Austria Niederösterreich Fischamend Markt.jpg
IATA: VIEICAO: LOWW
Summary
Airport type Private
Operator Flughafen Wien AG
Serves Vienna, Austria and
Bratislava, Slovakia
Location Schwechat, Austria
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 183 m / 600 ft
Coordinates 48°06′37″N 016°34′11″E / 48.11028°N 16.56972°E / 48.11028; 16.56972Coordinates: 48°06′37″N 016°34′11″E / 48.11028°N 16.56972°E / 48.11028; 16.56972
Website viennaairport.com
Map
VIE is located in Austria
VIE
VIE
Location within Austria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11L/29R 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
16/34 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Aircraft Movements 230,781 Decrease -0.2%
Passenger Movements 22,483,158 Increase 2.2%
Freight (in tons) 277,532 Increase 8,3%
Source: Flughafen Wien AG [1]

Vienna International Airport (German: Flughafen Wien-Schwechat; IATA: VIEICAO: LOWW) is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria, located in Schwechat, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of central Vienna.

It is the country's biggest airport and serves as the hub for Austrian Airlines and Niki. It is capable of handling wide-body aircraft such as the Boeing 747 and features a dense network of European destinations and long-haul flights to Asia, North America and Africa. During 2014, the airport handled a total of 22,483,158 passengers, representing a respective 2.2% increase compared to 2013, and 230,781 aircraft movements.[2]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Originally built as a military airport in 1938, and used during World War II as the Heinkel firm's southern military aircraft design and production complex, or Heinkel-Süd facility, it was taken over by the British in 1945. In 1954, the Betriebsgesellschaft was founded, and the airport replaced Aspern as Vienna's (and Austria's) principal aerodrome. There was just one runway, which in 1959 was expanded to measure 3,000 m (9,843 ft). The erection of the new airport building starting in 1959.

In 1972 another runway was built. In 1982 the airport was connected to the national motorway network (Ostautobahn). In 1986 the enlarged arrivals hall was opened, and in 1988 Pier East with 8 jetbridges.

On December 27, 1985, the El Al ticket counter was attacked by Palestinians terrorists during the Rome and Vienna Airport Attacks.

Development since the 1990s[edit]

Flughafen Wien AG, one of the few publicly traded airport operators in Europe, was privatised in 1992. The state of Lower Austria and the City of Vienna each hold 20% of the shares, the private employee participation foundation holds 10%, with the remaining 50% held privately.[3] The shares are part of the Austrian Traded Index.

In 1992, the new Terminal 1 was opened and a year later the shopping area around the plaza in the transit area of the B, C and D gates. In 1996 Pier West with 12 jetbridges got in operation. Until its closing in 2003 the airport featured a branch of Harrods.

In 2006 the 109 m (358 ft) tall control tower started operating. It allows a free overview of the entire airport area and offers a night laser show, which should welcome the passengers even from the aircraft. From 2004–2007 an Office Park had been erected offering 69.000m² of rentable space. A VIP- and general aviation-terminal, including a separated apron, opened in 2006.

On June 5, 2012, the new Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Terminal 3, named Skylink during its construction) was opened, which enables the airport to handle up to 30 million passengers per year. Construction started in 2004 and was suspended due to projected cost increases in 2009, but resumed in 2010. The maximum planned costs totaled less than €770 million.[2] Following concerns over the mismanagement of the Skylink project, chief executive Herbert Kaufman agreed to resign at the end of December 2010.[4] The new building with its North Pier has 17 jetbridges and makes the airport capable of handling more aircraft, although further upgrades will be required to accommodate the Airbus A380.

Terminals[edit]

Interior of Terminal 1
Interior of Terminal 1A
Interior of Terminal 3

Vienna International Airport has four terminal buildings named Terminal 1, 2 and 3[5] which are directly built against each other as well as the additional temporary Terminal 1A in front of the main building. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 connect to five concourses. Between 2004 and 2012, a new terminal building called Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (formerly known as Skylink) was built, where Terminal 3 and the new central arrivals hall for all terminal areas are now located.

The four terminal areas were named Check-in from the opening of Terminal 3 until July 2014 when they were renamed to Terminals back again to avoid confusion.[5]

Check-in areas[edit]

  • Terminal 1[5] (temporarily known as Check-in 1) has been undergoing refurbishment until January 2013 and is now mainly used by Air Berlin and Niki as well as several other oneworld and SkyTeam airlines.
  • Terminal 1A[5] (temporarily known as Check-in 1A) is a temporary building in front of Check-in 1, built to offer more space for low-cost carriers.
  • Terminal 2[5] (temporarily known as Check-in 2), a building from the 1960s, has been used by numerous foreign airlines which mostly moved to Terminal 1A for the time being and was closed down for either renovation or rebuilding in January 2013 until at least 2017.[6]

Concourses[edit]

  • Area B is in the basement of Area C and features Gates B22–B43 (boarding by buses) for Schengen destinations
  • Area C (pier west) for Schengen and non-Schengen destinations with individual passport controls at each gate; features Gates C31–C42 (jetbridges), C35–C41 (only for transfer), C71–C75 (buses, Schengen only)
  • Area D (pier east; formerly Area A) for non-Schengen destinations with shared passport control at the entrance of pier east; features Gates D21–D29 (boarding via jetbridges), D31–D37 (boarding via buses), D61–D70 (buses)
  • Area F (Level 1 of pier north) is used for Schengen destinations and consists of Gates F01-F37 (jetbridges and buses)
  • Area G (Level 3 of pier north) for non-Schengen destinations; shared passport control at the entrance of Level 3; features Gates G01-G37 (jetbridges and busgates)

Expansion projects[edit]

Due to its constant growth in passenger numbers and freight Austria's biggest airport is undergoing major construction works with several new and extensively adapted buildings since 2004. Among others, major projects like the new 109-metre tall tower, Terminal 3 and the expansion of the railway station have been completed by now while others are still planned or ongoing:

Renovations[edit]

Until January 2013 Terminal 1 has been refurbished. Further construction work will concern pier east and pier west. The B- and C-gates already got a central security control in June 2012.[7] The airport's management decided that the rebuilding or renovation of the now closed Terminal 2 won't be done until 2017.[6]

Third runway[edit]

A third runway is to be constructed 2,400 m (7,900 ft) south of 11L/29R. The runway will be numbered 11R/29L and will be 3,680 m (12,070 ft)[8] In August 2014 it has been stated by the airport's operator that the new runway won't be needed until 2025.[6]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Vienna International Airport:[9]

Airlines Destinations Terminal-Concourse
Adria Airways Ljubljana 3-B,C
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion, Rhodes
1-C
Aer Lingus Dublin 3-D
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1-D
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg 1-D
Air Algerie Algiers, Moscow-Sheremetyevo[10] 1-D
Air Arabia Egypt Seasonal: Hurghada 1A-D
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn[11] 3-B,C
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hanover, Nuremberg 1-B,C
Air Cairo Hurghada D
Air China Barcelona, Beijing-Capital[12] 3-D
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1-C
Air Malta Malta 1-C
Air Moldova Chișinău[13] 1-D
Air Serbia Belgrade 1-D
Air VIA Charter: Burgas, Varna 3-D
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino 1-B,C
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino 1-B,C
Austrian Airlines Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Antalya, Astana, Athens, Baku, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing-Capital, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Chicago-O'Hare, Chișinău, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Gran Canaria, Delhi, Dnipropetrovsk, Dubai-International, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Florence, Frankfurt, Funchal, Geneva, Graz, Hamburg, Hurghada, Iași, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kiev-Boryspil, Klagenfurt, Košice, Kraków, Krasnodar, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Linz, London-Heathrow, Luxor, Lviv, Lyon, Malé, Milan-Malpensa, Miami (resumes 16 October 2015),[14] Minsk-National, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Newark,[15] New York-JFK, Nice, Odessa,[16] Oslo-Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sibiu, Skopje, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tehran-Imam Khomeini,[17] Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Varna, Venice-Marco Polo, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Bodrum, Bol, Cagliari, Catania, Cephalonia, Chania, Chios, Colombo (resumes 27 October 2015),[18] Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Florence, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Heraklion, Kalamata, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Mauritius (resumes 29 October 2015),[19] Menorca (begins 20 June 2015),[20] Mykonos, Mytilene, Naples, Ohrid, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Preveza, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Volos, Zakynthos
3-D,F,G
BH Air Charter: Burgas 3-D
British Airways London-Gatwick (begins 17 September 2015),[21] London-Heathrow 1-D
Brussels Airlines Brussels 3-F
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Seasonal: Varna (begins 13 June 2015)[22]
3-D
Bulgarian Air Charter Charter: Burgas, Varna 3-D
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan 1-D
Condor Seasonal: Punta Cana, Varadero 3-D
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Split
3-D
easyJet London-Gatwick, Rome-Fiumicino 1A-B,C
easyJet Switzerland Geneva 1A-B,C
Emirates Dubai-International 3-D
EgyptAir Cairo 3-D
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 3-D
Estonian Air Seasonal: Tallinn[23] 3-B
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa,[24] Stockholm-Arlanda 3-D
Europe Airpost Seasonal: Bordeaux, Toulouse 1A-C
Eurowings Düsseldorf (begins 27 March 2016),[25] Hamburg (begins 25 October 2015)[26] 3-F
EVA Air Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Taipei-Taoyuan 3-D
Finnair Helsinki 1-C
Freebird Airlines Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gokcen, Izmir 3-D
Georgian Airways Tbilisi 3-D
Germania Bremen 1A-C
Germanwings Berlin-Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg (ends 24 October 2015),[26] Hanover, Stuttgart 3-F
Iberia Madrid 1-B,C
Icelandair Charter: Reykjavik-Keflavik 1-D
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini[27] 3-D
Jet2.com Manchester, Edinburgh (begins 29 April 2016)[28]
Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne
1A-D
KLM Amsterdam 1-C
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 1-C
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 3-D
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City[29] 1A-D
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 3-F
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 3-F
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 3-F
Luxair Luxembourg 3-B
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Seasonal: Tivat (begins 9 June 2015)
3-D
Neos Charter: Sal 1A-D
Nouvelair Seasonal: Enfidha 3-D
Niki Abu Dhabi, Agadir, Alicante (begins 2 June 2015), Athens, Barcelona, Catania, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Innsbruck, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Madrid, Malaga, Malta, Marrakesh, Marsa Alam, Milan-Linate, Munich, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Sharm el-Sheikh, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (ends 9 October 2015),[30] Tenerife-South, Valencia, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Cephalonia, Chania, Corfu, Enfidha, Florence, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, Mykonos, Mytilene, Olbia, Preveza, Reggio Calabria, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Volos, Zakynthos
Charter: Burgas, Genoa, Lamezia Terme, Luxor, Ohrid
1-B,C,D
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen 1A-C
Onur Air Istanbul-Atatürk 1A-D
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya
1A-D
People's Viennaline St. Gallen 1-C
Qatar Airways Doha 3-D
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 3-D
Sea Air
operated by Ten Airways
Osijek (begins 1 June 2015)[31] TBA
SkyWork Airlines Bern 1A-B
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Dalaman (begins 14 June 2015)[32]
1A-D
SunExpress Deutschland Charter: Marrakesh[33] 1A-D
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 3-F
TAP Portugal Lisbon 3-F
TAROM Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca 1-D
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Vnukovo 1-D
Transavia Rotterdam 1A-C
TUIfly Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Rhodes 1A-B,C
Tunisair Tunis 3-D
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya, Kayseri, Samsun
1-D
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 3-D
Vueling Barcelona, Rome-Fiumicino 1A-C

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Asiana Cargo Frankfurt, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Seoul-Incheon, Moscow-Domodedovo
Cargolux Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Doha, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Novosibirsk, Taipei-Taoyuan
China Southern Airlines Amsterdam, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Shanghai-Pudong
FedEx Express Budapest, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Korean Air Cargo Brussels, Copenhagen, Seoul-Incheon, Milan-Malpensa, Basel/Mulhouse, Navoi, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Oslo, Zaragoza
TNT Airways Athens, Liege, Ljubljana
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, Minsk-National[34]
UPS Airlines Budapest, Cologne/Bonn

Destinations map[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Austrian Airlines Boeing 767-300ER taxiing at Vienna International Airport
Emirates Boeing 777-300 taking off from Vienna International Airport
Busiest routes at Vienna Airport, excluding transit passengers (2012)
Rank Destination Passengers Change
2011–12
Rank Destination Passengers Change
2011–12
Europe and Turkey 16 Brussels 399,083 Decrease 0.2%
1 Frankfurt 1,181,301 Increase 10.8% 17 Rome 378,973 Decrease 14.9%
2 London 929,276 Increase 2.0% 18 Milan 343,266 Decrease 11.1%
3 Zürich 919,906 Increase 4.8% 19 Stuttgart 341,577 Increase 5.2%
4 Paris 835,104 Increase 5.5% 20 Hanover 304,197 Increase 6.6%
5 Düsseldorf 779,653 Increase 9.9% Intercontinental
6 Berlin 733,090 Increase 16.4% 1 Dubai 450,619 Increase 9.4%
7 Moscow 627,192 Increase 11.3% 2 Tel Aviv 328,251 Increase 24.6%
8 Munich 562,001 Increase 5.2% 3 Bangkok 262,639 Increase 7.3%
9 Hamburg 557,530 Increase 5.4% 4 New York 171,892 Increase 1.8%
10 Istanbul 550,871 Increase 24.1% 5 Larnaca 165,621 Increase 16.0%
11 Amsterdam 498,549 Decrease 4.2% 6 Tokyo 155,148 Increase 10.9%
12 Bucharest 493,478 Increase 24.1% 7 Washington 129,032 Increase 8.3%
13 Barcelona 439,150 Increase 23.2% 8 Toronto 120,982 Increase 1.2%
14 Sofia 420,476 Increase 29.6% 9 Delhi 116,134 Increase 6.6%
15 Copenhagen 420,136 Increase 17.1% 10 Cairo 111,425 Decrease 5.2%
Source: Statistik Austria

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

The airport's railway station

The Vienna S-Bahn line S7 provides a local service to the city centre taking approx. 25 minutes.[35] The more expensive City Airport Train connects the airport directly to Wien Mitte railway station, close to the city centre, in just 16 minutes.[36]

Additionally, the underground railway station has been expanded to accommodate long-distance trains. Since December 2014, the first trains passing Vienna's new main station, ICE services from Germany, terminate at the airport. From December 2015, ÖBB Railjet services will operate to the airport as well. Long-distance train rides between the airport and the main station take approx. 15 minutes.

Car[edit]

The airport lies directly adjacent to motorway A4 which leads from central Vienna to Budapest. It has its own exit named Flughafen Wien-Schwechat. Bratislava can be reached via motorway A6 which splits from the A4 in the east. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport.

Bus[edit]

Furthermore there are also buses from the airport to various places in Vienna and to other cities including Bratislava, Budapest and Brno.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • There has not been a fatal aviation accident at Vienna International Airport since 1955, when a Convair CV-340 crashed on approach to the airport, killing 7 of the 29 passengers and crew on board.[37]

Trivia[edit]

  • The airport received Olympic teams as Austria has twice hosted the Winter Olympics.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.viennaairport.com/en/company/press__news/press_releases__news_1?news_beitrag_id=1418939453111
  2. ^ a b "Flughafen Wien - Presseaussendungen & News - Offen für neue Horizonte". Viennaairport.com. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  3. ^ "FWAG (group) facts & figures - Open for new horizons". Viennaairport. 2012-06-05. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  4. ^ "Airline Industry and Aviation Safety News from Flightglobal". Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-regional/news-detail/datum/2014/07/15/wien-comeback-der-terminals.html
  6. ^ a b c http://www.airliners.de/flughafen-wien-sieht-keinen-bedarf-fuer-dritte-bahn/33354
  7. ^ "Press releases & news - Open for new horizons". Viennaairport. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  8. ^ "Construction Project - Open for new horizons". Viennaairport. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  9. ^ http://www.viennaairport.com/en/passengers/arrival__departure/online_timetable
  10. ^ Air Algerie to Consolidate Vienna / Moscow Operations in W14
  11. ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-regional/news-detail/datum/2015/01/28/wien-air-baltic-kuendigt-tallinn-an.html
  12. ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-regional/news-detail/datum/2014/01/16/air-china-peking-wien-barcelona.html
  13. ^ http://www.austrianwings.info/2014/11/air-moldova-nimmt-fluege-nach-wien-wieder-auf/
  14. ^ "Austrian Resumes Miami Service from mid-October 2015". airlineroute.net. 5 March 2015. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  15. ^ "Austrian Airlines Significantly Increases its North American Flight Offering". Austrian Ailrlines.ag. Retrieved 2013-10-28. 
  16. ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-regional/news-detail/datum/2015/01/30/wien-odessa-aua-statt-ukraine-international.html
  17. ^ "Austrian Airlines reopens services to Tehran" (Press release). Austrian Airlines. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  18. ^ "Austrian Resumes Sri Lanka Service from late-Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  19. ^ "Austrian Resumes Mauritius Service from late-Oct 2015". Airline Route. 10 November 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  20. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/03/06/os-mah-jun15/
  21. ^ http://www.speedbirdclub.com/de/all-news/news/twentyfifteen/march/lgwvie/?emtrck=yQvQWTmMvvQjWdmWnAWjT
  22. ^ "Bulgaria Air Adds Seasonal Varna - Vienna Service June - Sept 2015". Airlineroute.net. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  23. ^ "В список рейсов Estonian Air в летний период войдет Вена". Postimees. BNS. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  24. ^ "Ethiopian to Start Services to Vienna, its ninth European destination" (Press release). Ethiopian Airlines. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  25. ^ "germanwings / Eurowings Route Transfers in April 2016". Airlineroute.net. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  26. ^ a b http://airlineroute.net/2015/03/23/4uew-w15update1/
  27. ^ http://viennaairport.com/jart/prj3/va/uploads/data-uploads/Passagier/VIE_Flugplan_nach_Destinationen_de.pdf
  28. ^ http://www.edinburghairport.com/about-us/media-centre/press-releases/jet2-announce-massive-growth-at-edinburgh-airport
  29. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/03/06/ku-vie-s15/
  30. ^ "NIKI Ends Tel Aviv Service from Oct 2015". Airlineroute.net. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  31. ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-regional/news-detail/datum/2015/05/07/sea-air-verschiebt-osijek-wien.html
  32. ^ http://www.viennaairport.com/passagiere/ankunft__abflug/neuigkeiten_zu_unseren_strecken
  33. ^ http://www.tip-online.at/news/30229/sun-express-ab-wien-im-vollcharter-nach-marrakesch
  34. ^ "Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule" (PDF). Download.thy.com. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  35. ^ http://www.viennaairport.com/passagiere/anreise__parken/s-bahn
  36. ^ http://www.viennaairport.com/passagiere/anreise__parken/city_airport_train_cat
  37. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Convair CV-340-58 YU-ADC Wien-Schwechat International Airport (VIE)". Aviation-safety.net. 1955-10-10. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Vienna International Airport at Wikimedia Commons