(0.6% of Canada's population)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal|
|Vietnamese, Canadian English, Quebec French, Vietnamese French|
|Mahayana Buddhism and Catholicism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Vietnamese, Vietnamese Americans, Vietnamese people in France|
History and demographics
Mainstream Vietnamese communities began arriving in Canada in the mid-1970s and early 1980s as refugees or boat people following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, though a couple thousand were already living in Quebec before then, most of whom were students. Most new arrivees were sponsored by groups of individuals, temples, and churches and settled in areas around Southern Ontario, Vancouver, British Columbia, and Montreal, Quebec. Between 1975 to 1985, 110,000 settled in Canada (23,000 in Ontario; 13,000 in Quebec; 8,000 in Alberta; 7,000 British Columbia; 5,000 in Manitoba; 3,000 in Saskatchewan; and 2,000 in the Maritime provinces). As time passed, most eventually settled in urban centres like Vancouver (2.2% Vietnamese), Calgary (1.6% Vietnamese), Montreal (1.6% Vietnamese), Edmonton (1.6% Vietnamese), Toronto (1.4% Vietnamese), Ottawa (1.0% Vietnamese), and Hamilton (0.8% Vietnamese).
The next wave of Vietnamese migration came in the late 1980s and 1990s as both refugees and immigrant classes of post-war Vietnam entered Canada. These groups settled in urban areas, in particular Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, and Calgary.
Vietnamese immigrants settled mainly in the East Vancouver and in Montreal's downtown and south shore. In Toronto they have settled in the city's chinatown area near Spadina Avenue and Dundas Street West or to the west in Mississauga.
Notable Canadians of Vietnamese origin
- Paul Nguyen - Activist, journalist, and documentarian
- Phan Thị Kim Phúc - Humanitarian, UNESCO ambassador, Vietnam War Survivor
- Christy Chung, Hong Kong based actress
- Chuckie Akenz (aka Phong Nguyen) is a song writer and rapper
- Dang Thai Son, pianist
- David Huynh, Los Angeles based actor
- Kim Thúy, writer, food critic, and lawyer
- Nguyen Ngoc Ngan, writer, essayist, and host of Paris By Night
- Siu Ta, actress (This is Wonderland)
- Tam Doan, singer
- Chế Linh, singer
- Mayko Nguyen, actress
- Thanh Hai Ngo, first Canadian Senator (Conservative) of Vietnamese descent
- Anne Minh-Thu Quach federal Member of Parliament for Beauharnois—Salaberry (NDP)
- Hoang Mai, federal Member of Parliament for Brossard—La Prairie (NDP).
- Ève-Mary Thaï Thi Lac, former federal Member of Parliament for Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot and member of the Bloc Québécois
- Hung Pham, Progressive Conservative MLA for Calgary Montrose (1993–2008)
- Wayne Cao, Progressive Conservative MLA for Calgary Fort (1997–2011)
- Minh Le, Software Engineer, created the popular first person shooter Counter Strike.
- Trần Triệu Quân, engineer, businessman and president of the International Taekwon-Do Federation
- Carol Huynh, freestyle wrestler, Olympic gold-medallist
- Charles Chi, Entrepreneur, chancellor of Carleton University.
- Thien LE, fashion designer and founder of the Thien Le
In Canada, local Vietnamese media is dominated by:
- (http://www.vnthoibaoedmonton.com - Edmonton magazine
- Thoi Bao - Toronto newspaper
- Thoi Bao TV - Toronto
- Thoi Moi - Toronto newspaper
- Little Saigon Canada - Toronto newspaper
- Vietnamville - Montreal
- Phố Việt Montreal, printed newspaper of Vietnamville.ca
- VietSun Magazine - Toronto magazine
- Viethomes Magazine - Toronto Magazine
In Vancouver, hardworking Vietnamese Canadians managed to open a variety of stores and restaurants throughout the city, especially on the east side of the city near Chinatown and around Kingsway and Fraser. These areas are home to concentrations of Vietnamese clothing, food stores, and shops. Vietnamese Canadians also brought their cuisine and phở has become a popular food throughout the city. Vietnamese Canadians have also opened up many stores and restaurants in Central City, Surrey, which is a rapidly growing suburb of Metro Vancouver.
In the Toronto area, there are 19 Vietnamese owned supermarkets.
In Montreal there are about 40,000 Vietnamese Canadian population among highest median income and education of Vietnamese Canadians in major cities. There are more than 100 Vietnamese restaurants, hundreds of small size manufacturers of different products from clothing to technology, about 80 pharmacies and hundreds of doctors, dentists, over a thousand scientists, engineers and technicians, about sixty convenient stores and groceries. Since Nov 2006, Mr. Ngo Van Tan has started a daring project to promote and build the first Vietnam Town in Canada called Vietnamville near metro Jean Talon including St-Denis, Jean Talon, St-Hubert and Belanger streets with over 130 businesses already opened in the area. Investment opportunities in Vietnam Town are open to Vietnamese worldwide.
-  (Statistics Canada, Census 2001 - Selected Demographic and Cultural Characteristics (105), Selected Ethnic Groups (100), Age Groups (6), Sex (3) and Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas 1 , 2001 Census - 20% Sample Data)
- NHS Profile, Canada Census
- Vietnamese Canadian organizations
- Vietnamese Canadian Federation (Non-profit organization)
- Fondation VinaVie Humanitaire (Non-profit organization)
- Vietnamese Canadian Community of Ottawa (Non-profit organization)
- Radio Tieng Noi Tre (Non-profit organization)
- Youths In Action Sports (Non-profit organization)
- About Vietnamese Canadians
- History of Vietnamese Canadians(Source: the Canada's Digital Collections)
- Civilization.ca - Boat People No Longer: Vietnamese Canadians - Religion(the Canadian Museum of Civilization)
- Vietnamese(Discover Vancouver)
- Welcome to Canada(CBC Archives, the )
- Sponsoring refugees: Canadians reach out(CBC Archives)
- Multicultural Canada website Vietnamese Boat People collection including photographs, correspondence, books, magazines, oral histories, newsletters, personal items, and organizational records.