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In 1945, the ICP emerged as the principal organised political force within the Vietminh national front and led the struggle for power in the 1945 August Revolution. The two Trotskyist parties, La Lutte (French for "Struggle") and the International Communist League (led by Ho Huu Tuong), regrouped in 1945 and proceeded to rebuild their forces and prepare for the approaching conflict with the British occupation forces and the French colonial forces.
Ta Thu Thau emerged from prison in poor health but still the most popular leader of the workers' movement in the South and the best known Trotskyist in Vietnam. Returning to Saigon from a consultation with the new Vietminh Government in Hanoi, he was assassinated by Vietminh adherents near Quang Ngai in September 1945.
The methodical assassination of Trotskyists in Saigon was reported in 1947 by Dwight Macdonald's politics magazine. "Virtually all of [the] Trotskyist leaders" were murdered by Stalinists, according to Alexander, who wrote, "Although in August 1945 the Vietnamese Trotskyists were an element of substantial importance in the country’s politics, within a few months they had been virtually exterminated—politically and for the most part physically—by the Communist government headed by Ho Chi Minh. The few Trotskyists escaping this holocaust were forced to flee abroad."
Daniel Hémery: Révolutionaires vietnamiens et pouvoir colonial en Indochine, François Maspero, Paris, 1975. (cited by Alexander)
Ngo Van (2000) Viet-nam 1920-1945: Révolution et contre-révolution sous la domination coloniale, Paris: Nautilus Editions [in French]. Partially translated (according to Goldner) as Revolutionaries They Could Not Break: The Fight for the Fourth International in Vietnam. London: Index Pr. 1995.
I. Milton Sacks: “Marxism in Viet Nam”, in Frank N. Trager (Editor): Marxism in South-East Asia: A Study of Four Countries, Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1959 (cited by Alexander)
Stalinism and Trotskyism in Vietnam, Spartacist Publishing Co., New York, 1976. (Cited by Alexander: Possibly an unreliable source)