Vietnamese hand embroidery is a 700-year-old tradition. Usually, tiny threads are used to create brightly coloured pictures on cloth. It is a popular extracurricular activity for young girls in high school together with cooking and cloth sewing. It was a part of Vietnamese culture; traditionally, girls are expected to know how to decorate pillowcases, curtains and tablecloths with hand embroidery.
Since the 1960s, hand embroidery in Vietnam has been raised to the level of an art. Many large pictures in different sizes, some as large as 2.5 × 2 yards, have been made. Popular topics include Vietnamese history, landscapes, animals, flowers, and religious scenes.