Vietnamese military ranks and insignia

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Vietnamese military ranks and insignia are specified by the National Assembly of Vietnam through Law on Vietnam People's Army Officer (No: 6-LCT/HĐNN7) on December 30, 1981.[1][2]

The Vietnam People's Army distinguishes three careerpaths: Officers (sĩ quan), non-commissioned officers (hạ sĩ quan), and enlisted members (chiến sĩ).

Because the shoulder insignia of all ranks are represented by an elongated pentagonal epaulette, they are, hence, either detailed or colour-coded to indicate rank, branch, as well as unit.

The shoulder epaulettes from those of enlisted soldiers to field officers are detailed with a silver crest with an encircled silver star. Those of generals and admirals have fully golden epaulettes with corresponding golden crests and encircled stars.

Ranks can show information about branches of military personnel.

Hem Color of the ranks can show branches:

  • Army (ground forces): red
  • Air Force/ Air defence: azure
  • Navy: dark-purple
  • Border Defence: green
  • Coast Guard: blue.

Army-Air Force-Navy ranks have background are yellow.

Border Defense Force's ranks have background is dark-green and hem color is red.

Coast Guard's ranks have background is blue and hem color is yellow.

Table of Ranks[edit]

Level Ranks Translation Ground Forces Air Force/Air Defence Navy Border Defense Coast Guard
Vietnam Ground Forces symbol.jpg
Air Force wings.jpg
Anchor Navy.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force symbol.jpg
Anchor Marine Police.jpg
General Officers
Sĩ quan cấp Tướng
Đại tướng
(reserved by law for the Minister of National Defence and, on occasion, the Chief of the General Staff and the head of the General Political Department)
General (literally "grand general")
Vietnam People's Army General.jpg
Thượng tướng/
Đô đốc
(usually held by the Chief of the General Staff, the head of the General Political Department, and deputy ministers of national defence)
Colonel General (literally "upper general") /
Admiral (Navy)
Vietnam People's Army Colonel General.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Colonel General.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Admiral.jpg
Trung tướng/
Phó Đô đốc
(usually held by military district commanders and political commissars, commandant and political commissar of the navy, commandant and political commissar of the air force, commandant and political commissar of the Border Defence Force)
Lieutenant General (literally "middle general") /
Vice Admiral (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant General.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant General.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Vice Admiral.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel General.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant General.jpg
Thiếu tướng/
Chuẩn Đô đốc
Major General (literally "lesser general") /
Rear Admiral (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Major General.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Major General.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Rear Admiral.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Major General.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Major General.jpg
Field Grade Officers
Sĩ quan cấp Tá
Đại tá Senior Colonel/
Commodore (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Senior Colonel.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Senior Colonel.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Commodorel.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Colonel.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Colonel.jpg
Thượng tá Colonel/
Captain (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Colonel.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Colonel.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Senior Commander.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Senior Colonel.jpg
Trung tá Lieutenant Colonel/
Commander (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant Colonel.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant Colonel.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Commander.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant Colonel.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant Colonel.jpg
Thiếu tá Major/
Lieutenant Commander (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Major.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Major.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Lieutenant Commander.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Major.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Major.jpg
Company Grade Officers
Sĩ quan cấp Úy
Đại úy Captain/
Lieutenant (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Captain.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Captain.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Senior Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Captain.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Captain.jpg
Thượng úy Senior Lieutenant/
Sub-lieutenant (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Senior Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Senior Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Senior Lieutenant.jpg
Trung úy Lieutenant/
Lieutenant junior grade (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy SubLieutenant.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant.jpg
Thiếu úy Junior Lieutenant/
Ensign (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army SubLieutenant.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force SubLieutenant.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Ensign.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force SubLieutenant.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police SubLieutenant.jpg
Officer cadets
Học viên Sĩ quan
Học viên Sĩ quan Officer Cadet
Vietnam People's Army student officer.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force student officer.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy student officer.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force student officer.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy student officer.jpg
Non-Commissioned Officers
Hạ sĩ quan
Thượng sĩ Sergeant major/ Master sergeant/
Chief petty officer (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Sergeant major.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Sergeant major.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Sergeant major.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant major.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Sergeant major.jpg
Trung sĩ Sergeant/
Petty officer 1st class (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Sergeant.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Sergeant.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Sergeant.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Sergeant.jpg
Hạ sĩ Corporal/
Petty officer 2nd class (Navy, Coast Guard)
Vietnam People's Army Corporal.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Corporal.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Corporal.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force Corporal.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Corporal.jpg
Soldiers
Airmen
Seamen
Chiến sĩ
Binh nhất Private 1st class, Airman 1st class, Seaman 1st class
Vietnam People's Army First Private.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force First Private.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy private first class.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force First Private.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police First Private.jpg
Binh nhì Private, Airman, Seaman
Vietnam People's Army Second Private.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force Second Private.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Private second class.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force Second Private.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police Second Private.jpg

Lapels[edit]

Level Ground Forces Air Force Navy Border Defense Coast Guard
Vietnam Ground Forces symbol.jpg
Air Force wings.jpg
Anchor Navy.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force symbol.jpg
Anchor Marine Police.jpg
General Officers
Vietnam People's Army general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police general rank lapel.jpg
Field Grade Officers
Company Grade Officers
Vietnam People's Navy Army Captain rank lapel.png
Vietnam People's Air Force Captain rank lapel.png
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force rank lapel.png
Vietnam Marine Police Captain rank lapel.png

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://laws.dongnai.gov.vn/1991_to_2000/1999/199912/199912210006
  2. ^ http://www.vanbanphapluat.com/danh-muc-van-ban-phap-luat.html?view=doc&id=83282

External links[edit]