Vietnamese people in Russia

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Vietnamese people in Russia
Total population
26,205[1]
Regions with significant populations
Moscow, Vladivostok, Saint Petersburg, and other large cities[2]
Languages
Vietnamese, Russian[3]
Religion
Mahayana Buddhism [4][5]
Related ethnic groups
Vietnamese people

Vietnamese people in Russia form the 72nd-largest ethnic minority community in Russia according to the 2002 census. With a population of 26,205, they are one of the smaller groups of overseas Vietnamese.[1][6] However, unofficial estimates put their population as high as 100,000 to 150,000.[7] Almost two-thirds reside in Moscow, concentrated in the southern part of the city, near the Akademicheskaya Metro station, where authorities have erected a statue of Ho Chi Minh.[1][8] Other large communities can be found in Vladivostok and Saint Petersburg, though the community in Moscow is the most well-established and has the highest proportion of long-term residents (those who have been living there for more than 5 years).[2] Assessments of their proficiency in the Russian language vary as well; the Census recorded that roughly 80% could speak Russian, while one article in Vietnamese state-run media claimed that "many Vietnamese find it unnecessary to learn Russian. In fact, many hardly speak the language at all."[1][3] The Census also recorded that virtually all can speak Vietnamese.[9]

Most Vietnamese people in Russia are entrepreneurs in the retail industry; with Russia's 2007 reform of rules for retail markets, which put restrictions on the proportion of immigrant-owned shops and require Russian-language proficiency examinations as a condition of being granted a work permit and a business licence, many Vietnamese will have to close their businesses and find other lines of work, probably as manual labourers.[3] Students also form another important group; Ho Chi Minh himself studied in Moscow in the 1920s, along with other senior members of the Communist Party of Vietnam.[10] They were followed by an estimated total of 50,000 Vietnamese who studied in Russia during the Cold War.[11] Academic exchange between the two countries continued even after the dissolution of the Soviet Union; as of 2006, roughly 4,000 Vietnamese students were studying in Russian universities; the Russian government provides scholarships to 160 of them.[12] Notable Vietnamese students who have studied in Russia since the dissolution of the Soviet Union include Quynh Nguyen, a pianist from Hanoi who received a scholarshop to Moscow's Gnessin State Musical College.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Население по национальности и владению русским языком по субъектам Российской Федерации (Microsoft Excel) (in Russian). Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 
  2. ^ a b Mazirin, V.M. (2004). "Вьетнамцы в России: образ жизни, проблемы, перспективы (Vietnamese in Russia: ways of living, problems, perspectives)" (PDF). "Индокитай: тенденции развития (Indochina: Trends in development)" (in Russian). Moscow, Russia: Institute of Asian and African Studies, Moscow State University. pp. 159–179. 
  3. ^ a b c "Vietnamese in Russia waiting to be examined". VietnamNet Bridge. 2006-12-18. Archived from the original on 2007-01-11. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  4. ^ "Vietnamese Buddhist associations in Russia". World Buddhist Directory. Buddha Dharma Education Association. 2006. Retrieved 2009-04-16. 
  5. ^ Đạo tràng Phật tích Moscow mừng Đại lễ Phật đản, Voice of Vietnam, 2012-05-26, retrieved 2013-07-22 
  6. ^ "Cộng đồng người Việt Nam ở nước ngoài" (in Vietnamese). Quê Hương. 2005-03-09. Archived from the original on 2006-12-24. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  7. ^ Blagov, Sergei (2000-02-08). "Russian rhetoric fails to boost business". Asia Times. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  8. ^ Vo Hoai Nam (2007-02-22). "Feeling warm by Uncle Ho's statue in Moscow". Retrieved 2007-02-22. [dead link]
  9. ^ Владение языками (кроме русского) населением отдельных национальностей по республикам, автономной области и автономным округам Российской Федерации (Microsoft Excel) (in Russian). Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 
  10. ^ Quinn-Judge, Sophie (2002). Ho Chi Minh: The Missing Years: 1919-1941. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-658-4.  (Page 125)
  11. ^ "Visit to Vietnam pays dividends for Putin". The Jamestown Foundation Monitor 7 (44). 2001-03-05. Retrieved 2007-02-22. 
  12. ^ "Russia and Vietnam relations to become more steady". Communist Party of Vietnam Online Newspaper. 2006-06-09. Retrieved 2007-02-22. [dead link]
  13. ^ "Pianist Quynh Nguyen: Hãy nhớ tên cô" (in Vietnamese). VietNamNet. 2006-09-17. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 

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