Vievis

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Vievis
City
Trakų st.
Trakų st.
Coat of arms of Vievis
Coat of arms
Vievis is located in Lithuania
Vievis
Vievis
Location of Vievis
Coordinates: 54°46′30″N 24°48′30″E / 54.77500°N 24.80833°E / 54.77500; 24.80833Coordinates: 54°46′30″N 24°48′30″E / 54.77500°N 24.80833°E / 54.77500; 24.80833
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Dzūkija
County Vilnius County
Municipality Elektrėnai municipality
Eldership Vievis eldership
Capital of Vievis eldership
First mentioned 1539
Granted city rights 1950
Population (2005)
 • Total 5,246
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Vievis (About this sound pronunciation ) is a small city in Elektrėnai municipality, Lithuania. It is located 14 km east of Elektrėnai. The city is surrounded by Lake Vievis.

Its alternate names include Anastasevskaya, Jewie (Polish), Vevis, Vievio, Viyevis, V’yevis, and Yev’ye.[1]

In 1522 year the Vievis manor, in 1539 year - town, which belonged to Ogiński family, was mentioned. In the first half of 16th century the first Catholic church was built there.

About 1600, Ogiński family built a Uniate church and founded the Abbey of the Holy Spirit (Lithuanian: Šventosios dvasios). At the beginning of the 17th century a printing press was established near the abbey, notable for printing books by various Protestant Calvinist scholars.[2]

In 1794 and 1812, the church burned down and was rebuilt in 1816. In 1837 an Orthodox church was built.

In the period between World War I and World War II, Vievis was near the dividing line between Lithuania and Poland. The town used to be among those with the largest Polish population, with roughly 77% inhabitants identifying themselves as Poles.[citation needed] In 2011 census, only 10.9% of inhabitants identified themselves as Poles as well as 3.74% Russians and 82.56% Lithuanians.[3]

The 17th century printing press became the reason why a 1970s samizdat journal "Lustra dzion" edited by Vincuk Viačorka cited "Jewie" as the place of its publishing (even though it was in fact published in Minsk).[4] The printing press is also featured on the modern coat of arms of the city, adopted in 1999.

The Lithuanian Road Museum is in the city.

An 1843 Eastern Orthodox Church in Vievis

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ United States Board on Geographic Names – Lithuania –Vievis. Accessed January 27, 2014.
  2. ^ (Polish) (Russian) (Belarusian) Mikałaj Pačkajeŭ (2003). "Epoka reformacji i kontrreformacji". Historia Litheranorum Alboruthenorum sive Zarys Historyczny Kościoła Luterańskiego na Białorusi od zarania reformacji aż do czasów obecnych. Mikałaj Pačkajeŭ. Retrieved 2008-03-16. 
  3. ^ "Lithuania 2011 Census". Lietuvos statistikos departamentas. 2011. 
  4. ^ (Polish) Ośrodek Karta (corporate author) (2000?). ""Lustra Dzion" (Zwierciadło Codzienności)". Słownik dysydentów. Karta. Archived from the original on 2007-10-26. Retrieved 2008-03-16.