View Park–Windsor Hills, California

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View Park−Windsor Hills
census-designated place
View Park
View Park
Location of View Park−Windsor Hills in Los Angeles County, California.
Location of View Park−Windsor Hills in Los Angeles County, California.
Coordinates: 33°59′37″N 118°20′49″W / 33.99361°N 118.34694°W / 33.99361; -118.34694Coordinates: 33°59′37″N 118°20′49″W / 33.99361°N 118.34694°W / 33.99361; -118.34694
Country  United States
State  California
County Los Angeles
Area[1]
 • Total 1.842 sq mi (4.771 km2)
 • Land 1.841 sq mi (4.769 km2)
 • Water 0.001 sq mi (0.002 km2)  0.04%
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,075
 • Density 6,000/sq mi (2,300/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 90043
Area code(s) 323
FIPS code 06-82667

View Park−Windsor Hills is a census-designated place (CDP) in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 11,075 at the 2010 census, up from 10,958 at the 2000 census. View Park lies on the north end of the CDP, along Angeles Vista Boulevard; Windsor Hills is on the southern end, to the north of Slauson Avenue.

View Park−Windsor Hills is both one of the wealthiest, and one of the richest primarily African-American, areas in the United States. The two communities are part of a band of districts, from Culver City's Fox Hills district on the west to the Los Angeles district of Leimert Park on the east, that compose the single largest and one of the richest geographically contiguous high middle- and upper-class black neighbourhoods in the United States. This corridor also includes the equally affluent Baldwin Hills and Ladera Heights communities.

History[edit]

View Park−Windsor Hills CDP
Population by year [1], [2]

2010 11,075
2000 10,958
1990 11,769
1980 12,101
1970 12,268

View Park was developed in the 1920s as a high-middle-class neighborhood akin to Cheviot Hills, Brentwood, Carthay Circle, and Studio City. Along with neighboring Ladera Heights and Baldwin Hills, it is one of the wealthiest African-American areas in the United States. It contains a superb collection of houses in the Spanish Colonial and Mediterranean styles, most of which remain today. Windsor Hills underwent development in the late 1930s; aimed at the high middle class, it was the first subdivision in Southern California for which the newly created Federal Housing Administration provided mortgage insurance. African-Americans were forbidden residence in either area until the Supreme Court's invalidation of racial restrictive covenants in 1948.

Landmarks[edit]

Geography[edit]

View Park−Windsor Hills is located at 33°59′37″N 118°20′49″W / 33.99361°N 118.34694°W / 33.99361; -118.34694 (33.993662, -118.346950).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[3] reported that View Park−Windsor Hills had a population of 11,075. The population density was 6,012.6 people per square mile (2,321.5/km²). The racial makeup of View Park−Windsor Hills was 669 (6.0%) White (4.2% Non-Hispanic White),[4] 9,392 (84.8%) African-American, 45 (0.4%) Native American, 147 (1.3%) Asian, 4 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 244 (2.2%) from other races, and 574 (5.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 720 persons (6.5%).

The Census reported that 10,999 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 14 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 62 (0.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 4,535 households, out of which 1,246 (27.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,704 (37.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 985 (21.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 276 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 166 (3.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 38 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,354 households (29.9%) were made up of individuals and 575 (12.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43. There were 2,965 families (65.4% of all households); the average family size was 2.97.

The population was spread out with 2,090 people (18.9%) under the age of 18, 755 people (6.8%) aged 18 to 24, 2,286 people (20.6%) aged 25 to 44, 3,586 people (32.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,358 people (21.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.1 years. For every 100 females there were 80.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.0 males.

There were 4,777 housing units at an average density of 2,593.4 per square mile (1,001.3/km²), of which 3,275 (72.2%) were owner-occupied, and 1,260 (27.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.2%. 8,297 people (74.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,702 people (24.4%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, View Park-Windsor Hills had a median household income of $77,475, with 8.1% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[4]

2000[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 10,958 people, 4,539 households, and 3,041 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 5,895.8 inhabitants per square mile (2,274.7/km²). There were 4,738 housing units at an average density of 2,549.2 per square mile (983.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.0% African American, 5.4% White, 0.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population. The area had the highest percentage of African-American residents of any CDP in the Western United States.

There were 4,539 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $90,876, and the median income for a family was $100,124. Males had a median income of $56,461 versus $43,663 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $34,382. About 3.1% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

  • These are the ten neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of black residents:[6]
  1. View Park-Windsor Hills, California, 86.5%
  2. Gramercy Park, Los Angeles, 86.4%
  3. Leimert Park, Los Angeles, 79.6%
  4. Manchester Square, Los Angeles, 78.6%
  5. Baldwin Hills/Crenshaw, Los Angeles, 71.3%
  6. Ladera Heights, California, 71%
  7. Hyde Park, Los Angeles, 66%
  8. Chesterfield Square, Los Angeles, 58.6%
  9. West Compton, California, 57.6%
  10. Westmont, California, 57.5%


Politics[edit]

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Marina del Rey Station in Marina del Rey, serving View Park-Windsor Hills.[7]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Ruth-Temple Health Center in Los Angeles,[8] serving View Park-Windsor Hills.[9]

In the state legislature View Park−Windsor Hills is located in the 26th Senate District, currently vacant after Democrat Curren Price resigned to take a seat on the Los Angeles City Council, and in the 54th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Holly J. Mitchell. Federally, View Park−Windsor Hills is located in California's 37th congressional district, which is represented by Democrat Karen Bass.

Education[edit]

Windsor Hills neighborhood sign

Los Angeles Unified School District serves most of the CDP. A portion is within the Inglewood Unified School District.[10]

Several elementary schools serve the LAUSD portion of community, including:

All areas in LAUSD are zoned to Audubon Middle School and Crenshaw High School. Some areas are jointly zoned to Audubon Middle School and Webster Middle School. Some areas are jointly zoned to Audubon Middle School, Orville Wright Middle School, and Palms Middle School. Some areas are jointly zoned to Crenshaw High School and Westchester High School.[citation needed]

Services[edit]

Police and Fire services are provided by the Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department and Los Angeles County Fire Department respectively.

Notable residents and natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  4. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0682667.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Black", Mapping L.A. at Los Angeles Times
  7. ^ "Marina del Rey Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  8. ^ "Ruth-Temple Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  9. ^ "Souttth SPA by Health District and City." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  10. ^ "View Park Windsor Hills CDP, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 22, 2010.
  11. ^ "54th Street Elementary School." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 23, 2010.
  12. ^ "Windsor Math/Science/Aerospace Magnet." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 23, 2010.
  13. ^ http://www.lamag.com/laculture/lastory/2012/01/01/regina-king