Viggo Mortensen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Viggo Mortensen
Viggo Mortensen 2012.jpg
Mortensen at the 32nd Genie Awards in March 2012
Born Viggo Peter Mortensen, Jr.
(1958-10-20) October 20, 1958 (age 55)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Alma mater St. Lawrence University
Occupation Actor, poet, musician, photographer and painter
Years active 1984–present
Spouse(s) Exene Cervenka (m. 1987–98)
Children Henry Blake Mortensen

Viggo Peter Mortensen, Jr. (Danish: [viɡ̊o ˈmɒːdnsn]; October 20, 1958) is an American actor, poet, musician, photographer and painter. He made his film debut in Peter Weir's 1985 thriller Witness, and subsequently appeared in many notable films of the 1990s, including The Indian Runner (1991), Carlito's Way (1993), Crimson Tide (1995), Daylight (1996), The Portrait of a Lady (1996), G.I. Jane (1997), A Perfect Murder (1998), A Walk on the Moon (1999) and 28 Days (2000).

Mortensen grew in prominence in the early 2000s with his role as Aragorn in the epic film trilogy The Lord of the Rings. In 2005, Mortensen won critical acclaim for David Cronenberg's crime thriller A History of Violence. Two years later, another Cronenberg film Eastern Promises (2007) earned him further critical acclaim. A third teaming with Cronenberg in A Dangerous Method (2011) resulted in a Golden Globe Best Supporting Actor nomination. Other well-received films in recent years have included Appaloosa (2008) and the 2009 film adaptation of Cormac McCarthy's novel The Road.

Aside from acting, his other artistic pursuits include fine arts, photography, poetry, and music. In 2002, he founded the Perceval Press to publish the works of little-known artists and authors. Mortensen is politically active. He campaigned for Dennis Kucinich in the 2008 United States presidential election.

Early life[edit]

Mortensen was born in New York City, New York. His mother, Grace Gamble (née Atkinson), is American, and his father, Viggo Peter Mortensen, Sr., is Danish; the two met in Norway.[1][2] His maternal grandfather was from Nova Scotia, Canada,[3][4] and his maternal grandmother's family was from New England.[5][6]

The family moved to Venezuela, then Denmark, and eventually settled in Argentina, taking residency in the Argentine provinces of Córdoba, Chaco and Buenos Aires, where he attended primary school and acquired a fluent proficiency in Spanish, while his father managed chicken farms and ranches.[7] They remained there until Mortensen was eleven, when his parents divorced. With his mother he returned to New York, where he spent the rest of his childhood, graduating from Watertown High School in Watertown, New York.[8]

He then attended St. Lawrence University in Canton, New York, earning a degree in Spanish Studies and Politics in 1980. Afterward, he went to Europe and lived in Spain, England, and Denmark, where he took various jobs such as driving trucks in Esbjerg and selling flowers in Copenhagen. After two years, he returned to the United States to pursue an acting career.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

Acting career[edit]

After several years of experience in live theater, Mortensen made his first film appearance playing an Amish farmer in Peter Weir's Witness. (Mortensen had actually acted in at least one prior film, The Purple Rose of Cairo, but his scenes in the latter film were deleted from the final cuts.) Also in 1985, he was cast in the role of Bragg on Search for Tomorrow. Mortensen's 1987 performance in Bent at the Coast Playhouse, Los Angeles, won him a Dramalogue Critics' Award. Coincidentally, the play, about homosexual concentration camp prisoners, was originally brought to prominence by Ian McKellen, with whom Mortensen later costarred in The Lord of the Rings. In 1987, Mortensen guest starred as a corrupt police detective on the hit series Miami Vice.[citation needed]

During the 1990s, Mortensen appeared in supporting roles in a variety of films, including Jane Campion's The Portrait of a Lady, Young Guns II, Prison, Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III, Sean Penn's The Indian Runner, The Crew, which won the São Paulo Film Festival Audience Award, Brian de Palma's Carlito's Way, Crimson Tide, G.I. Jane, Daylight, A Walk on the Moon, American Yakuza, Charles Robert Carner's remake Vanishing Point, Philip Ridley's two films The Reflecting Skin and The Passion of Darkly Noon, A Perfect Murder and Gus Van Sant's Psycho (1998 remakes of two Alfred Hitchcock's movies Dial M for Murder and Psycho), 28 Days, and The Prophecy, with Christopher Walken. Of these roles, Mortensen was probably best known for playing Master Chief John Urgayle in G.I. Jane.[9]

Mortensen at the premiere of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, December 1, 2003.

Another major mainstream breakthrough came in 1999, when Peter Jackson cast him as Aragorn in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. According to the Special Extended Edition DVD of The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Mortensen was a last-minute replacement for Stuart Townsend, and would not have taken the part of Aragorn had it not been for his son's enthusiasm for the J. R. R. Tolkien novel. In the The Two Towers DVD extras, the film's swordmaster, Bob Anderson, described Mortensen as "the best swordsman I've ever trained." Mortensen often spent days hiking to the film's remote locations, in costume and carrying his sword, in order to appear authentically travel-worn; he also performed all of his own stunts, and even the injuries he sustained during several of them did not dampen his enthusiasm. At one point during shooting of The Two Towers, Mortensen, Orlando Bloom, and Brett Beattie (scale double for John Rhys-Davies) all had painful injuries, and during a shoot of them, running in the mountains, Peter Jackson jokingly referred to the three as "the walking wounded." Also, according to the Special Extended Edition DVD of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Mortensen purchased the two horses, Uraeus and Kenny, whom he rode and bonded with over the duration of the films.

In 2004, Mortensen starred as Frank Hopkins in Hidalgo, the story of an ex-army courier who travels to Arabia to compete with his horse, Hidalgo, in a dangerous desert race for a contest prize.

In 2005, Mortensen starred in David Cronenberg's A History of Violence. He was nominated for a Satellite Award for Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture for this role. In the DVD extras for A History of Violence, David Cronenberg relates that Mortensen is the only actor he'd come across who would come back from weekends with his family with items he had bought to use as props on the set.

Interviewed by eTalk Daily at the 2005 Toronto Film Festival, for A History of Violence

In 2006, he starred as Captain Diego Alatriste in the Spanish language film Alatriste, based on the series of novels The Adventures of Captain Alatriste, written by the Spanish writer Arturo Pérez-Reverte.

In September 2007, the film Eastern Promises, directed by David Cronenberg, was released to critical acclaim for the film itself and for Mortensen's performance as a Russian gangster on the rise in London. His nude fight scene in a steam room was applauded by Roger Ebert: "Years from now, it will be referred to as a benchmark."[10] Mortensen's performance in Eastern Promises resulted in his winning the Best Performance by an Actor in a British Independent Film award from the British Independent Film Awards.[11] He was also nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor.[12]

In 2009, Mortensen appeared as himself in the film Reclaiming The Blade,[13] in which he discussed his passion for the sword and his sword-work in films such as The Lord of the Rings and Alatriste.[13] Mortensen also talked about his work with Bob Anderson, the swordmaster on The Lord of the Rings, Alatriste, Pirates of the Caribbean and many others.[13]

In 2009, Mortensen performed in The People Speak, a documentary feature film that uses dramatic and musical performances of the letters, diaries, and speeches of everyday Americans, based on historian Howard Zinn's A People's History of the United States.[14]

While it was reported in April 2009 that Mortensen had, at least temporarily, retired from film acting,[15] Mortensen said he was misquoted. In a 2012 interview, he denied that he ever said he was retiring, only that he didn't have "plans to do another movie" at the time and that he was "taking a little break now. I don’t have anything lined up.”[16]

In 2009 he joined the cast of The Road, a film adaptation of the Cormac McCarthy novel of the same name,[17] and collaborated with David Cronenberg for a third time on A Dangerous Method.[18]

After two decades, Mortensen returned to theatre in 2011, starring in Ariel Dorfman's Purgatorio in Madrid.[19]

Mortensen in 2010

Perceval Press[edit]

With part of his earnings from The Lord of the Rings, Mortensen founded the Perceval Press publishing house — named for the knight from the legend of King Arthur — to help other artists by publishing works that might not find a home in more traditional publishing venues.[20]

Perceval Press is also the home of Viggo's many personal artistic projects in the area of fine arts, photography, poetry, song, and literature (see below).

Bibliography[edit]

Viggo Mortensen at the 2009 Venice Film Festival.

Mortensen is also an author, with various books of poetry, photography, and painting published. His bibliography includes:

  • Ten Last Night – (1993), his first collection of poetry.
  • Recent Forgeries – (1998), ISBN, 5th Edition, documents Viggo's first solo exhibition and includes a CD with music and spoken-word poetry. Introduction by Dennis Hopper.
  • Errant Vine – (2000), limited edition booklet of an exhibit at the Robert Mann Gallery.
  • Hole in the Sun – (2002, ISBN), color and black & white photographs of a back yard swimming pool.
  • SignLanguage – (2002 ISBN), a catalog from an exhibition of his works, combining photographs, paintings, and poetry into a multimedia diary of his time in New Zealand while filming The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. Introduction by Kevin Power.
  • Coincidence of Memory – (2002, ISBN) Third Edition. In this book, the artist combines photographs, paintings, and poems that cover his artistic output from 1978 to 2002.
  • Mo Te Upoko-o-te-ika/For Wellington – (2003), ISBN, a book to accompany the joint exhibitions at Massey University and the Wellington City Gallery during the premiere of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King.
  • 45301 – (2003), ISBN. Abstract images, fragments, and phrases from poems comprise this photography book. Many of the photographs were shot during travels to Morocco, Cuba, and the northern plains of the United States.
  • Un hueco en el sol – (2003), a small booklet published to accompany the exhibition "Un hueco en el sol" at the Fototeca de Cuba in Havana. In Spanish.
  • Miyelo – (2003), a series of panoramic photographs of a Lakota Ghost Dance. It also tells about the events leading up to the massacre at Wounded Knee.
  • Nye Falsknerier – (2003). Paintings and poems translated into Danish from Ten Last Night, Recent Forgeries, Coincidence of Memory.
  • The Horse is Good – (2004), ISBN, a photography book, partly shot during his work on the film Hidalgo, about horses as partners, teachers, and fellow travelers. Images from Morocco, South Dakota, Montana, California, Iceland, New Zealand, Denmark, Brazil, and Argentina. This book reflects Mortensen's fondness for horses. In fact, he bought Uraeus—the horse who played Brego, Aragorn's steed (Roheryn in the books) in The Lord of the Rings movies—as well as TJ, one of the horses who played Hidalgo. He also purchased the stallion that played Arwen's horse, a grey Andalusian stallion named Florian, and gave it to the stunt woman, Jane Abbott, who rode the horse in place of Liv Tyler.
  • Linger – (2005). In this book, the artist combines black and white photographs and prose poems. Images from Spain (partly shot during his work on the film Alatriste), Morocco, Iceland, United States, Denmark...
  • I Forget You For Ever – (2006). Texts and photographs.
  • Skovbo – (2008). Collection of photographs, poems (in English, Spanish and Danish) and quotes. The book is dedicated to Howard Zinn and Dennis Kucinich and functions as a companion to the photo exhibit Skovbo at the Reykjavik Museum of Photography (2008).
  • Sådanset – (2008). A small booklet published to accompany the exhibition Sådanset (October 18 – November 16, 2008) at the Palæfløjen in Roskilde (Denmark).
  • Canciones de Invierno – Winter Songs – (2010). Collection of photographs and poems. Bilingual : in Spanish and English. It includes new texts (most of the poems and all the translations) and revised versions of texts previously published. They're accompanied by pictures of landscapes taken during the previous two winters.

Visual arts and discography[edit]

Mortensen is a painter and photographer. His paintings are frequently abstract and often contain fragments of his poetry in them. His paintings have been featured in galleries worldwide, and the paintings of the artist he portrayed in A Perfect Murder are all his own.[citation needed]

Mortensen experiments with his poetry and music by mixing the two art forms. He has collaborated with guitarist Buckethead on several albums, mostly released on his own label (Perceval Press) or TDRS Music. Viggo was first introduced to Buckethead's work while working on sounds for an educational CD on Greek mythology. The finished product included a guitar part by Buckethead, which caught Viggo's ear and led him to initiate contact with the guitarist. The collaboration grew from there.[21]

Mortensen's discography includes:

Mortensen is featured on The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King soundtrack, singing "Aragorn's Coronation" (the name of the extended version of this song in the 3rd original sound track is "The Return of the King"), the words by Tolkien and the music composed by Mortensen. In the extended DVD edition of the first Lord of the Rings movie, The Fellowship of the Ring, he sings the song "The Lay of Beren and Lúthien". His poems are written in English, Danish, and Spanish.

Awards and honors[edit]

Mortensen and Kodi Smit-McPhee, screenwriter Joe Penhall, director John Hillcoat and producer Steve Schwartz at the 2009 Venice Film Festival for The Road

Following his appearance in the Lord of the Rings trilogy, in 2006 he was granted an honorary doctorate by his alma mater, St. Lawrence University.[4][22]

On October 13, 2006, he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Province and the City of León, Spain.

On April 16, 2010, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog.[23]

Personal life[edit]

Mortensen while campaigning in New Hampshire for Presidential candidate Dennis Kucinich, 2008

Mortensen has a son, Henry Blake Mortensen (born January 28, 1988),[24] with ex-wife Exene Cervenka, the singer in the punk band X.[25] His son has a minor uncredited role in the extended version of The Two Towers, where he plays a young soldier next to Haleth (played by Calum Gittins, son of screenwriter Philippa Boyens), and in The Return of the King he played the first orc killed by Aragorn upon leaving the ships during the Battle of the Pelennor Fields (according to Directors and Writers commentary on the DVD).

Mortensen holds dual American-Danish citizenship.[26] He speaks fluent English, Danish, and Spanish; he is also conversational in French and Italian, and understands Norwegian and Swedish. He has stated that he was raised speaking English and Spanish and at times feels more comfortable expressing himself in Spanish.[27] He also has some knowledge of Catalan; twice, when receiving a prize in Catalonia, he made a short speech in Catalan.[28]

Mortensen is a fan of association football and is a fan of Argentine star Diego Maradona, Héctor "Bambino" Veira and both the Argentine and Danish national teams as well as Argentine club San Lorenzo de Almagro.[29] In 1993, Mortensen went to Ireland during a break in shooting to watch Denmark play in a 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification match, and has professed support for English side Norwich City.[citation needed] He is also a hockey fan, particularly of the Montréal Canadiens. He wore a Montréal Canadiens t-shirt underneath his armour throughout the filming of the Lord of the Rings trilogy.[30] He is also a fan of the New York Mets, and in an interview promoting 2009 film The Road was seen wearing apparel indicating his support of the Australian Football League's Collingwood Magpies football club.[31] While appearing on the Late Show with David Letterman, he held a sign supporting the New York Giants. In November 2012 while shooting the movie The Two Faces of January, he became a fan of Besiktas J.K. attending home games at BJK İnönü Stadium.[32]

Mortensen was a good friend of Icelandic painter Georg Guðni Hauksson up until his death in 2011. Mortensen had long been an admirer of Hauksson's work as a landscape artist, and the two published books together as well as maintaining a close friendship.[33][34]

Mortensen actively campaigned for Dennis Kucinich in the 2008 United States presidential election,[35] and later endorsed Barack Obama for the presidency.[36] He was also one of the signees of the "Toronto Declaration" protesting against spotlighting Tel-Aviv at the Toronto International Film Festival in 2009.[37]

Mortensen has owned property in northern Sandpoint, Idaho, and spends time there when not filming movies.[38]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1985 Witness Moses Hochleitner
The Purple Rose of Cairo Unknown Scenes deleted
1987 Miami Vice Eddie Season 3, Episode 19 "Red Tape" (Blown up at the beginning of the episode when attempting a bust with his partner (Played by Lou Diamond Phillips) and Tubbs).
1987 Salvation! Jerome Stample
1988 Prison Burke / Forsythe Electrocution
Fresh Horses Green
1990 Once in a Blue Moon
Tripwire Hans
Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III Edward "Tex" Sawyer
Young Guns II John W. Poe
The Reflecting Skin Cameron Dove
1991 The Indian Runner Frank Roberts
1993 Boiling Point Ronnie
Ruby Cairo John E. "Johnny" Faro
Carlito's Way Lalin
The Young Americans Carl Frazer
1994 The Crew Phillip
Floundering Homeless Man
Gospel According to Harry Wes
American Yakuza Nick Davis/David Brandt
1995 Gimlet Hombre
Crimson Tide Lieutenant Peter "Weps" Ince
The Passion of Darkly Noon Clay
Black Velvet Pantsuit Junkie
The Prophecy Lucifer
1996 Albino Alligator Guy Foucard
Daylight Roy Nord
The Portrait of a Lady Caspar Goodwood
1997 Vanishing Point Jimmy Kowalski
G.I. Jane Master Chief John James "Jack" Urgayle
My Brother's Gun Juanito
1998 A Perfect Murder David Shaw
Psycho Samuel "Sam" Loomis
1999 A Walk on the Moon Walker Jerome
2000 28 Days Eddie Boone
2001 The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Aragorn Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Nominated – Empire Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
2002 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
SFX Award for Best SF or Fantasy Film Actor
Nominated – Empire Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast
National Board of Review Award for Best Cast
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
Nominated – Empire Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Actor
2004 Hidalgo Frank Hopkins
2005 A History of Violence Tom Stall / Joey Cusack Nominated – Empire Award for Best Actor
Nominated – London Film Critics Circle Award for Actor of the Year
Nominated – New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor (3rd place)
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Actor
2006 Alatriste Diego Alatriste y Tenorio Nominated – Goya Award for Best Actor
2007 Eastern Promises Nikolai Luzhin British Independent Film Award for Best Actor
Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actor
Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor in a Canadian Film
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated – Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Houston Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated – New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
Nominated – Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated – San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated – St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
2008 Appaloosa Everett Hitch
Good John Halder
2009 The Road The Man Utah Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Denver Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Fangoria Chainsaw Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Houston Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated – San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
2011 A Dangerous Method Sigmund Freud Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Canadian Film
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Nominated – New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor (3rd place)
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
2012 On the Road Old Bull Lee
Everybody Has a Plan Agustín / Pedro (assumes twin characters)
2014 The Two Faces of January Chester Macfarland Post-production
2014 Jauja

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Film Reference website". Filmreference.com. Retrieved November 12, 2012. 
  2. ^ Viggo Mortensen gets nude for 'Eastern Promises' fight scene | HamptonRoads.com | PilotOnline.com
  3. ^ "Cunninghams of Southwest Nova Scotia". Laurenandtristan.net. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "St. Lawrence University: Commencement". Stlawu.edu. May 21, 2006. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Rootsweb Celebrities website". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. October 20, 1958. Retrieved November 12, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Film: Viggo Mortensen magret seg ned 15 kilo for drømmerollen VG Nett". Vg.no. May 20, 2009. Retrieved May 9, 2010. 
  7. ^ Pearlman, Cindy. "Superstar Viggo's a serious soul at heart." Chicago Sun-Times. September 9, 2007.
  8. ^ Doyle, Macreena A. (2003). "Viggo Mortensen ’80 REMEMBERS". St. Lawrence Magazine. St. Lawrence University. Retrieved October 2, 2012. 
  9. ^ Applebaum, Stephen (December 5, 2002). "Mortensen's battle scars". BBC News. 
  10. ^ "Eastern Promises". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved December 22, 2007.
  11. ^ "British Independent Film Awards 2007 nominations". British Independent Film Awards. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2008. 
  12. ^ "80th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on January 23, 2008. Retrieved January 22, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b c Reclaiming the Blade at the Internet Movie Database, January 22, 2009
  14. ^ [1][dead link]
  15. ^ "Rigorous Promotions Have Viggo Mortensen Considering Retirement". starpulse.com. April 6, 2009. 
  16. ^ Gilsdorf, Ethan (March 10, 2012). "Viggo Mortensen Speaks: Part 1 of 3". Wired. 
  17. ^ Shoard, Catherine (August 6, 2010). "Viggo Mortensen to star in Walter Salles's On the Road". The Guardian (London). Retrieved March 8, 2011. 
  18. ^ Lodderhose, Diana (April 22, 2010). "UPI to distribute new Cronenberg pic". Variety. Retrieved February 20, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Viggo Mortensen vuelve al teatro con Carme Elias en una obra sobre la capacidad de perdón (in Spanish)". El País. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Little press shines with star power". Los Angeles Times. March 3, 2004. Retrieved May 9, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Viggo & Buckethead", March 5, 2004, IGN Music". Retrieved August 11, 2008. 
  22. ^ "Viggo Mortensen Tells Grads "Activism Not A Dirty Word"". Newswise. May 21, 2006. 
  23. ^ Kongehuset - Forside
  24. ^ Michelle Lanz (21 September 2009). "Viggo Mortensen's Son Designed His Tattoo". MSN. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  25. ^ "Viggo's Ex In Child Support Bid". The Smoking Gun. 14 June 2004. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  26. ^ Stone, Andrew; Carolyn Bain, Michael Booth, Fran Parnell (2008). "Cinema". Lonely Planet Denmark. Lonely Planet. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-741-04669-4. "Viggo Mortensen catapulted to fame as Aragorn in the Lord of the Rings trilogy. Although he was born in New York and has lived outside of Denmark for most of his life, he retains Danish citizenship." 
  27. ^ "10 Questions for Viggo Mortensen". Time. December 17, 2008. 
  28. ^ Viggo Mortensen speaks Catalan on YouTube, Sitges Film Festival 2009.
  29. ^ Interview with Clarín (Spanish)
  30. ^ "Hockey is my religion, the Canadiens are my god." Globe And Mail. January 23, 2009
  31. ^ "Best of ABC Online". ABC News. 
  32. ^ "Hollywood’da doğdu Beşiktaşlı oldu - Hürriyet Magazin Hattı". Hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved November 12, 2012. 
  33. ^ Strange Familiar: The Work of Georg Gudni. "Strange Familiar: The Work of Georg Gudni (9780974707891): Georg Gudni, Viggo Mortensen, Pilar Perez: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  34. ^ DV ehf. "Viggo Mortensen kveður Georg Guðna". DV.is. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  35. ^ Lane, Harriet (February 22, 2008). "Interview: Viggo Mortensen". The Guardian (London). Retrieved April 2, 2011. 
  36. ^ Viggo backs Obama[dead link]
  37. ^ "The Toronto Declaration: No Celebration of Occupation". Blogspot.com. 
  38. ^ "A Visit with Viggo." Sandpoint Magazine. Winter 2004 Edition.

External links[edit]