Vignola

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For the Italian architect, see Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola. For the Pennsylvania politician, see Joe Vignola. For the Italian-american actor and film director, see Robert G. Vignola.
Vignola
Comune
Comune di Vignola
The Rocca of Vignola
The Rocca of Vignola
Vignola is located in Italy
Vignola
Vignola
Location of Vignola in Italy
Coordinates: 44°28′N 11°00′E / 44.467°N 11.000°E / 44.467; 11.000Coordinates: 44°28′N 11°00′E / 44.467°N 11.000°E / 44.467; 11.000
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Modena (MO)
Frazioni Tavernelle, Campiglio, Pratomaggiore, Bettolino
Government
 • Mayor Daria Denti
Area
 • Total 22 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 125 m (410 ft)
Population (September 2011)
 • Total 25,084
 • Density 1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Demonym Vignolesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 41058
Dialing code 059
Patron saint Santi Nazario e Celso
Saint day October 13
Website Official website

Vignola is a city and comune in the province of Modena (Emilia-Romagna), Italy.

Its economy is based on the cultivation of fruit, but mechanical industries and services companies are present.

The city is mostly known as the birthplace of the Renaissance architect Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola.

History[edit]

Vignola, whose name derives from the Latin vineola ("small vine") is located near an ancient Etruscan road connecting Bologna to Parma. However it is mentioned in the Middle Ages as having been founded in 826 as, according to the legend, a castle to protect the lands of the nearby Abbey of Nonantola.

Vignola was a possession of those bishops until 1247; during the wars between Guelphs and Ghibellines its territory was contented between the communes of Modena and Bologna, until the Grassoni family installed their seigniory in Vignola. This lasted until 1399, when it was acquired by the House of Este; two years later it was conceded as a county to Uguccione de' Contrari from Ferrara. With the death of Ercole Contrari in 1557, Vignola was assigned to Giacomo Boncompagni, son of Pope Gregory XIII. The Boncompagni rule fell with the Napoleonic Conquest of Italy, and, after the Congress of Vienna of 1814, Vignola became part of the Duchy of Modena.

Main sights[edit]

  • Town Museum
  • The Castle (Rocca)
  • Palazzo dei Contrari
  • Palazzo Boncompagni (or Palazzo Barozzi)
  • Torre Galvani

Twin towns[edit]