The Vijayanagara Empire from 1336–1646, was situated in Southern India and had a complex currency system that was used afted the Empire ceased to exist.
The standard unit of coin issued by the Vijayanagara Empire was the gold Pagoda in English or Varaha of 3.4 gr. The Varaha was also called the Hon, Gadyana or a Pon and came in the Ghattivaraha, Doddavaraha and Suddhavaraha coin. In the gold issue the different coins came in Varaha, this is used as a reference for the other coins values. 1 gold Varaha = 2 Pratapas = 4 Katis = 8 Chinna = 4 Haga = 2 Bele. 1 Pana or Varana equaled 16 tara silver coin, with the 1 Tara to 3 copper Jital. The copper Duggani was equal to 2 copper kani or kakin, 5 Kasu and 10 Ara Kasu. There were also other units of silver and copper based on their relationship with the Pagoda.
- "Vijayanagara coins". Harihariah. Oruganti,. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
- "Vijayanagara coins". Govindraya Prabhu S. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
- VIJAYANAGARA, THE FORGOTTEN EMPIRE
- Vijayanagara Coinage
- A website on Vijayanagara coinage by Oruganti Harihariah.
- Coins Issued By Vijayanagara Rulers
- Coins of Vijayanagar