Viking Wind Farm
|Viking Wind Farm|
|Country||Scotland, United Kingdom|
|Status||Planning consent received|
|Construction began||2013–2014 (estimated)|
|Commission date||2017–2018 (estimated)|
|Construction cost||£566 million (estimated, 103 turbines)|
|Owner(s)||Shetland Islands Council
|Turbines||103 X 3.6 MW|
|Manufacturer(s)||Siemens Wind Power|
|Hub height||90 m (295 ft)|
|Maximum capacity||370 MW|
Initially proposed as a 150 turbine 600 MW project in 2009, the scheme received planning permission as a 103 turbine 370 MW scheme in 2012. If built, it will be the third largest wind farm in Scotland.
In 2005 SSE and Shetlands Island Council (via development company Viking Energy.[n 1]) signed a memorandum of understanding to combined independent proposals for 300 MW wind farms on Mainland Shetland and jointly develop a large scale (600 MW) wind farm. The companies formalised the agreement in January 2007.
In 2009 the Shetland Islands Trust (an organisation initially created to distribute income from oil installations on the island) and SSE submitted a planning application for 150 turbines (estimated 600 MW capacity) on the main island of Shetland.
In 2010 the plan was reduced in scope, with the number of turbines reduced to 127; the turbines were to be 3.6 MW machines with hub height of 90 metres (300 ft) and blade tip height of 145 metres (476 ft). The scope area of the wind farm was 129 km2 (50 sq mi), of which only 104 ha (1.04 km2) would be permanently built upon, additionally the plan required construction of approximately 104 km of access roads, and the quarrying of 1,470,000 m3 (0.00147 km3) of rock, and the disturbance of between 650 and 900,000 cubic metres of peat. The development was dependent on the Shetland HVDC Connection being built connecting Shetland to the UK mainland's national grid. The cost of the connector was estimated at £300 million in late 2011; Viking Energy would be liable for 10% or less of the cost, other energy producing projects in Shetland, such as Aegir wave farm, were also dependent on the grid connector being built.
The scheme proved contentious with both significant opposition and support, receiving 2,772 formal objections and 1,115 in support, as well as objections from RSPB Scotland; in part due to concerns on its impact on the rare Whimbrel.
The converter station at Kergord for the HVDC link to the Scottish mainland reached an initial stage of planning consent in early 2011, after several previous attempts starting 2009. In April 2012 the Scottish Minister for Energy, Enterprise and Tourism ), Fergus Ewing, granted planning permission for a 103 wind turbine development, withholding consent on 24 turbines in Delting Parish due to potential interference with equipment at Scatsta Airport, and limiting maximum height to 145 m (476 ft). The reduced development had an estimated capacity of up to 370 MW. The income from the development to shareholder Shetland Islands Trust was estimated at £20 million pa and the capital cost of the development was estimated at £556 million.
On 24 September 2013, in giving judgment in a judicial review by Sustainable Shetland, a local NGO, Lady Clark of Calton held that the consent given by the Scottish Ministers under section 36 of the Electricity Act 1989 was incompetent because Viking Energy did not hold a license under the 1989 Act to generate electricity and so reduced the decision granting consent. Lady Clark of Calton also held that the Scottish Ministers had failed to have proper regard to their obligations under the Birds Directive [2009/147/EC] to the whimbrel which is a protected migratory species under the directive. About 95% of the UK population of whimbrel is present on Shetland. The Scottish Ministers and Viking Energy have appealed the decision. The appeal is likely to be heard by the Court of Session at the end of February 2014.
The wind farm is to install includes 103 Siemens Wind Power 3.6 MW turbines. Turbines will be erected in Kergord, North Nesting, and South Nesting. Original proposals also included 24 turbines in the Delting area (refused 2012 consent.) and 23 turbines in the Collafirth area (removed from application.).
Estimated construction time for the 127 turbine farm was 5 years. The wind farm is expected to have a high utilisation rate, smaller wind turbines on the island having attained high capacity factors of over 50%.
- Shetland Council formed "Viking Energy Ltd" (90% owned by Shetland Charitable Trust) as an energy development company, SSE formed SSE Viking as a subsidiary. The 50:50 joint venture of the two companies is termed "Viking Energy Partnership".
- "The Project - Timeline", www.vikiingenergy.co.uk, retrieved 9 April 2012
- "Shetland set to get third biggest wind farm in Scotland". Daily Record. 2012-04-04. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- "Viking wind farm approved", The Scottish Government, 4 April 2012, retrieved 8 April 2012
- "Shetland wind farm plans by Viking Energy approved by Scottish government", BBC News, 4 April 2012, retrieved 8 April 2012
- Severin Carrell (4 April 2012), "Shetland Islands to host 'world's most productive' windfarm", The Guardian, retrieved 8 April 2012
- (PDF) Consultations on section 36 application etc on the Viking Wind Farm (Report). Infrastructure Services Department, Shetland Islands Council. 14 December 2010. http://windfarmsupporters.org/resources/SIC+Planning+Report+on+Viking+Energy+14-12-10.pdf. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
- Who Are We?, Viking Energy, retrieved 8 April 2012, "Viking Energy is a 50:50 partnership between Viking Energy Ltd and SSE Viking Ltd. SSE Viking Ltd is a subsidiary of Scottish and Southern Energy plc. Viking Energy Ltd [...] is 90% owned by the Shetland Charitable Trust ... The remaining 10% is held by the people who developed Burradale Wind Farm"
- Stromsta, Karl-Erik (2012-04-04). "Scotland says yes to 371MW Viking wind farm on Shetland". ReCharge (NHST Media Group). (subscription required). Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- "Energy giant signs deal with Shetland to build huge wind farm", The Scotsman, 7 July 2005, retrieved 8 April 2012
- "Powering on with island wind plan", BBC News, 19 January 2007, retrieved 8 April 2012
- Severin Carrell (20 May 2009), "Shetland stirred by giant Viking wind farm plan", The Guardian, retrieved 8 April 2012
- "Viking Energy Shetland wind farm plan scaled back", BBC News, 29 September 2010, retrieved 8 April 2012
- Hans Marter (16 November 2011), "Viking interconnector by April 2016", Shetland News, retrieved 8 April 2012
- "Vattenfall to test Pelamis sea snake in Orkney", BusinessGreen, 15 March 2012, retrieved 8 April 2012
- "UK: Aegir Wave Farm to Benefit from Viking Wind Farm". Subsea World News. 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2012-04-08.
- Severin Carrell (28 July 2009), "Latest protest leaves climate strategy twisting in the wind", The Guardian, retrieved 8 April 2012
- John Robertson (2 February 2011), "Controversial windfarm converter station approved without vote by council", The Shetland Times, retrieved 8 April 2012
- See judgment at http://www.scotcourts.gov.uk/opinions/2013CSOH158.html
- BMT Cordah Ltd, "Non-technical summary", Why the proposed wind farm design was changed, pp.1-2; Fig. NTS A1 (end)
- BMT Cordah Ltd, "Non-technical summary", "Turbines", p.3
- BMT Cordah Ltd, "Non-technical summary", Construction programme, p.6
- Information BankMyth Buster, Viking Energy, 4. Wind farms have a very low productivity level, retrieved 8 April 2012
- BMT Cordah Ltd, "Non-technical summary" (PDF), vikingenergyfiles.opendebate.co.uk (Viking Energy Partnership), retrieved 8 April 2012