Vikramaditya I

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ಬಾದಾಮಿ ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು
Badami Chalukya
(543–753)
Pulakesi I (543–566)
Kirtivarman I (566–597)
Mangalesa (597–609)
Pulakesi II (609–642)
Vikramaditya I (655–680)
Vinayaditya (680 -696)
Vijayaditya (696–733)
Vikramaditya II (733–746)
Kirtivarman II (746–753)
Dantidurga
(Rashtrakuta Empire)
(735–756)

Vikramaditya I (Kannada: ವಿಕ್ರಮಾದಿತ್ಯ ೧) (655–680 CE) was the third son and followed his father, Pulakesi II on to the Chalukya throne. He restored order in the fractured kingdom and made the Pallavas retreat from the capital Vatapi.

Early crises[edit]

After the death of Pulakesi II the Chalukya kingdom descended into anarchy. The feudatories of the empire declared their independence. Even two of Pulakesi's sons, who were ruling parts of the kingdom as viceroys, declared their intention to set up independent dominions. Vikramaditya, with the help of his maternal grandfather Bhuvikarma of Western Ganga Dynasty set himself the task of repelling the Pallava invasion and restoring the unity of his father's kingdom.

Vikramaditya was able to end Pallava's occupation, which had lasted for thirteen years and captured Vatapi. He defeated his brothers and other feudatories who wished to divide the empire. Vikramaditya then declared himself king of the Chalukyas (655). He rewarded his younger brother Jayasimhavarman who was loyal to him, with the viceroyalty of Lata in the southern Gujarat.

Continued battles with Pallava[edit]

Vikramaditya continued his enmity with Narasimhavarman's son and successor Mahendravarman II, and later with his son Paramesvaravarman I. Vikramaditya allied himself with the Pallava's other enemy the Pandyan Arikesari Parankusa Maravarman (670 – 700).

Early in the reign of Paramesvaravarman, Vikramaditya advanced to the neighbourhood of the Pallava capital Kanchipuram. Vikramaditya advanced to the banks of the Kaveri and encamped at Urayur. The Pallava Paramesvaravarman gathered a large army and went into battle with the Chalukya ally Ganga Bhuvikrama at a place called Vilande. The Pallava king was victorious in this battle (670).

Paramesvara then sent an expedition into the Chalukya country. In the ensuing battle of Puruvalanallur in 674 with Vikramaditya's forces, the Pallavas defeated the Chalukyas. The defeated Chalukyan army was led by Vikramaditya's son and grandson Vinayaditya and Vijayaditya. Pallavas went on to occupy many of the Chalukya territories but later left after the chalukyas agreed to pay yearly tributes.

During this time, Jayasimha, brother of Vikramaditya I who ruled as governor of Gujarat province defeated the ruler of Vallabhi, Vajjada the ruler of the Maitraka family. This victory is considered important. The Chalukyan empire however had put the worst behind under Vikramaditya I and recovered most of its territories it controlled under Pulakeshi II.

Vikramaditya I was married to the Western Ganga princess Gangamahadevi. Some historians compare him to his illustrious father Pulakesi II.

Death and succession[edit]

Vikramaditya died in 680 and his son Vinayaditya succeeded him on the Chalukya throne.

Preceded by
Pulakesin II
Chalukyas
655–680
Succeeded by
Vinayaditya

References[edit]

  • Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1935). The CōĻas, University of Madras, Madras (Reprinted 1984).
  • Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1955). A History of South India, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted 2002).
  • Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat (2001). Concise History of Karnataka, MCC, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002).
  • South Indian Inscriptions - http://www.whatisindia.com/inscriptions/
  • History of Karnataka, Mr. Arthikaje