July 9, 1900|
|Died||June 12, 2001
St. Louis, Missouri
Viktor Hamburger (July 9, 1900 – June 12, 2001) was a German professor and embryologist. Hamburger lectured, among others, Nobel Prize-winning neurologist Rita Levi-Montalcini, who identified nerve growth factor along with Hamburger when they collaborated. Hamburger began to work at Washington University in St. Louis in 1935; he retired from his professor position in 1969 and continued researching until the 1980s.
In the 1960s, Hamburger did embryological work to get at the question of what comes first, sensation or movement, a chicken and egg problem to be sure.
Selected Awards 
- 1976 - Honorary doctorate, Washington University in St. Louis
- 1978 - Wakeman Award for Research in the Neurosciences
- 1981 - Ross Harrison Prize from the International Society of Developmental Biologists, shared with Donald Brown
- 1983 - Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize with Stanley Cohen and Rita Levi-Montalcini
- 1984 - Honorary doctorate, Uppsala University
- 1985 - Ralph W. Gerard Prize in Neuroscience from the Society for Neuroscience
- 1989 - National Medal of Science
- 1990 - Karl Spencer Lashley Award of the American Philosophical Society
- 2000 - Lifetime Achievement Award, Society for Developmental Biology
- Noden, Drew M. "Viktor Hamburger (1900-2001)". Society for Developmental Biology. Retrieved 2008-05-09.
- Cowan, W. M. (2001). "Viktor Hamburger Andrita Levi-Montalcini: The Path to the Discovery of Nerve Growth Factor". Annual Review of Neuroscience 24: 551–600. doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.24.1.551. PMID 11283321.
- Obituary, New York Times, June 14, 2001.
- The Viktor Hamburger Lecture
- Viktor Hamburger Outstanding Educator Prize
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